Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais
Princesinha do Vale (Princess of the Valley)
|Mesoregion||Vale do Rio Doce|
|Founded||January 30, 1938|
|• Mayor||André Merlo|
|• Total||2,348.1 km2 (906.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||170 m (560 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
Governador Valadares is a Brazilian municipality in the interior of the Minas Gerais state. In 2018, its population was 278,685 inhabitants, thus being the ninth most populated city of Minas Gerais. It is an economical center of the middle valley of the Doce River (Rio Doce, lit. "Sweet river"), having a significant influence on the east and northeast of Minas Gerais and local authorities of the state of the Espírito Santo. Governador Valadares sits on the bank of the Doce River (Rio Doce), 324 km from Belo Horizonte. Governador Valadares has an area, of about 2 342 km², being 58 km² urban area.
The discovery of the region of the city, started on the begging of the XVI century, that used the Doce River, searching for precious metals. The settlement began between the XVIII and XIX centuries, with the constructions of barracks destined to keep watch at the Amerindians of the regions, that attacked the settlers, and merchants. With the construction of the EFVM, in 1907, the settlements were consolidated. The growth of the population and commercial development, was helped by the location of the city, that was near to coffe productors and wood extraction. Thus the municipality was emancipated from the municipality of Peçanha on the 30s.
After the 40s, the extraction of precius metals brought a great population growth, along with livestock and commerce. But, with decline of natural resources, the money could only be obtained trough the investment of immigrants, that would later go to other countries. The commerce is the most important source of money in the city, along with agro industry and regional products.
Governador Valadares is also a statistical micro-region including 25 municipalities: Alpercata, Campanário, Capitão Andrade, Coroaci, Divino das Laranjeiras, Engenheiro Caldas, Fernandes Tourinho, Frei Inocêncio, Galiléia, Governador Valadares, Itambacuri, Itanhomi, Jampruca, Marilac, Mathias Lobato, Nacip Raydan, Nova Módica, Pescador, São Geraldo da Piedade, São Geraldo do Baixio, São José da Safira, São José do Divino, Sobrália, Tumiritinga, and Virgolândia. Its population (2006) was estimated by the IBGE to be 407,815 inhabitants in a total area of 11, 327 km².
The area around Governador Valadares was explored in colonial serve the residences of the town. It was powered by steam.
- 1923 - Figueira
In 1937, the municipality of Figueira do Rio Doce was established, which then changed its name to Governador Valadares, in honor of the governor at the time, Benedito Valadares.
Since the 1980s, Governador Valadares is known as one of the main sources of Brazilian immigrants to the United States, even earning the nickname "Governador Valadolares" in reference to expatriates sending remittances of their dollar salaries. However, the late 2000s recession made many of the Valadares immigrants to return home since financial security became worse in the United States.
Production and the intense trade in precious stones is the reason the "Brazil Gem Show" takes place in the local authority every year: an event that consists of the commerce of precious stones with Brazilians and foreign visitors
Governador Valadares is the biggest city and commercial center of the Eastern region of the state of Minas Gerais, having several cities in its area of influence, such as Teófilo Otoni and Caratinga. At present, Governador Valadares is growing in industrial development, due to its strategic position, human resources and international reputation.
It is a trade and industrial center. Sawmills and food-processing plants are in the city, and mica and beryl are mined in the area. Governador Valadares is one of the most famous gem-trading centres in Brazil. Gem minerals include amethyst, chrysoberyl, brazilianite, topaz and quartz. The Golconda mine, one of the oldest in the city, attracts the curiosity of tourists and stone collectors from all over the world.
The city is on the Belo Horizonte–Vitória railway and on the Rio de Janeiro–Salvador highway. Distances from major centers:
- Belo Horizonte – 311 km
- Rio de Janeiro - 580 km
- São Paulo - 891 km
- Brasília - 1,045 km
- Vitória – 420 km
The city hosts of one of the stages of the Brazilian hang gliding championship from the peak of Ibituruna, where it is possible to catch sight of the whole valley of Rio Doce. It also hosts several international hang gliding championships.
- Annual average: 32.6 °C [90.7 °F]
- Annual maximum average: 40.7 °C [105.3 °F]
- Annual minimum average: 18.3 °C [65 °F]
Average annual rainfall index: 1,350 mm
Governador Valadares is twinned with the following cities:
- Framingham, Massachusetts, United States
- Everett, Massachusetts, United States
- Newark, New Jersey, United States
- Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States
- Ernane Rezende Borges Ferreira, footballer
- "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
2018 Estimates of Population
- Longing for ginger ale
- Leaving Valadares: A Dangerous Journey for Brazil's Illegal Migrants
- Sister Cities International 2015 Membership Directory, p 53. Sister Cities International. Accessed August 31, 2015.
- Portal de Governador Valadares
- Official city government site
- City Brazil-Governador Valadares
- Governador Valadares