Government Medical College, Amritsar

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Government Medical College, Amritsar
Gmca logo.jpg
Type Public
Established 1864
Principal Dr. Tejbir Singh, M.D.
Academic staff
Undergraduates 750
Location Amritsar, Punjab, India

Government Medical College, formerly known as Glancy Medical College, was established in 1864 in Lahore, British India and located to Amritsar, India in 1920.


Government Medical College, Amritsar come into being as a Medical School in Lahore in 1864 . The School continued to work in the capital city of undivided Punjab till its subsequent relocation to the holy city of Amritsar in 1920. The L.S.M.F (Licentiate of State Medical Faculty) was granted at the end of a four-year course to entrants who were initially admitted after passing their matriculation.

The School was upgraded to the status of Medical College in 1943, the foundation stone was laid by Lt. Col. Nawab Khizar Tiwana, premier of Punjab on February 1, 1944. The Medical College was named after his excellency Sir Bertrand James Glancy the then Governor of the state. The new Medical College started awarding the M.B.; B.S. degree which empowered the holders to practice medicine and surgery.

The Victoria Jubilee (V.J.) Hospital, named in commemoration of the Jubilee celebrations of H.E. Queen Victoria's rule, began functioning as a general hospital in 1891, it was later attached to the Medical College and has now been renamed as Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital. The remarkable building houses a number of important departments.

At the time of partition of country, the Medical College, Amritsar was only three years old. Dr A.N. Goyal (1947–51) was the first principal of the college after independence. The College and its attached group of hospitals were assigned the onerous responsibility of providing succor and medical aid to the refugees who arrived in the country in a state of dejection. The medical teams under the proficient leadership of Lt. Col. B.S. Nat, Medical Superintendent of Victoria Jubilee Hospital provided unparallel care to the sick and wounded. The quality of services rendered by the College despite the paucity of resources earned it laurels both in India and abroad and bolstered its premiership.

Lt. Col. B.S. Nat was later promoted as Director Health Services and Education Punjab. The V.J. Hospital owes much of its expansion to Col. Nat. The college continues to celebrate the annual Col. Nat-All India Inter Medical College Hockey Tournament in his memory.

The Medical College started awarding Post graduate degree and diplomas after India achieved independence. Philanthropic organization too came forwarded to help in the expansion of the college. A separate pediatric hospital was set up with the help of Ram Saran Dass Parkash Wati Kakkar Trust in 1950. A TB Sanatorium, the Ram Lal Free Eye and Ear Nose and Throat Hospital and separate Orthopedics ward were built with the help of other charitable Trusts.

The renowned Mental Hospital, named after Dr. Vidya Sagar was also attached to Medical College to help provide training to medical students in the subject of psychiatry. The first two blocks of the college hostel called A and B Blocks were built in 1929. These aesthetically designed hostel buildings built on the pattern of Cambridge University have withstood the ravages of time and invitingly face the college play grounds. Later, other hostel blocks were added to meet the requirements of the students.

In order to meet the growing needs of the College, the Guru Nanak Dev Hospital was built in 1974, adjacent to the college complex. This three-storey hospital houses a spacious out-door section, emergency wards, and various speciality and super-specialty departments. Emergency medical services are also run from the premises of this hospital. A round the clock clinical laboratory, radiological and allied diagnostic facilities are also available. A total of 951 beds are available for teaching and training of under graduate, post graduate and paramedical students.

A rehabilitation section and an artificial limb fitting centre were added to Orthopedics department in 1978. A 200 bedded Emergency and superspeciality Block is under construction and is likely to begin functioning shortly.

Over the years the school emerged as a nursery of medical teachers who have fanned out in the country to set up new teaching institutions in order to meet the growing needs of the nation.

The Medical College and Guru Nanak Dev Hospital is spread over an area of 163 acres and has sufficient land for future expansion. The institution has retained its eminence in providing excellent patient care to a vast area of North India including Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and even the neighbouring country of Afghanistan. The Institution has also provided brilliant doctors and medical scientists, not only to prestigious institution of India like All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi and Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh but also to many institutes in the world, particularly U.K, U.S.A and Canada.

Independence of India[edit]

In, 1947 India became a separate nation and was partitioned into India and Pakistan. Punjab was divided into East Punjab(India) and West Punjab (Pakistan). During this time GMCA was the only medical college present in Northern India. The college's original name Glancy Medical College was named after the former Governor General of Punjab and was renamed to its current name after independence.

The college is governed by Director Research and Medical Education, Punjab and is affiliated to Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot.

Courses offered[edit]

1. MBBS[edit]

2. MD/MS[edit]

1. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Course[edit]

This is a 4 1/2 year course followed by one year of compulsory rotatory internship. The number of students in each fresh batch is 150. A student is eligible for entry to the course after clearing the 12th class examination. Admissions are made through National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG) conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi. 85% of the seats are granted by State Merit list via counselling which is conducted by Baba Farid University of Health Sciences (BFUHS) Faridkot and for remaining 15% seats, All India Counselling is conducted. Reservation of seats for scheduled castes/tribes and Other Backward Classes are made according to state government guidelines (49%).

The course structure and content is set according to the guidelines laid down by the Medical Council of India. The first year is devoted to the pre-clinical subjects - Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry and after this period of 12 months the 1st Professional examination is held. In the next one and a half year, the student studies and is examined in Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology and Forensic Medicine . During this period he is also introduced to the clinical subjects through lectures and clinical postings by rotation. During the last two years, the students studies only the clinical subjects - Internal Medicine including Cardiology and Neurology, Surgery, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Orthopedics, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Psychiatry, Dermatology and Community Medicine through lectures, demonstrations and clinical postings. The final professional examination is held in two parts. Part-1 is held at the end of the one year and includes the subjects of Community Medicine, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Orthopedics. At the end of the second year the part-2 of the final professional examination is held in Internal Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics and Obstetrics & Gynecology. Examinations in the clinical subjects include written, clinical and oral parts. According to the Medical Council of India, a candidate must have at least 75% attendance in clinical postings and lectures and also have secured at least 35% marks in the internal assessment to be eligible to be appear in the professional examination.

2. Doctor of Medicine (MD) and Master of Surgery (MS) Courses[edit]

MD Courses are offered

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics
  • Microbiology
  • Community Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Radio-diagnosis
  • Psychiatry
  • Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases
  • Anesthesiology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology.

MS Courses are offered

  • General Surgery
  • Orthopedics
  • Anatomy
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Ophthalmology

Candidates are eligible for entrance to these courses after completing Internship. The number of seats in each course is decided from time to time. Admissions are made through Punjab Post Graduate Test for 75% of the seats and the All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination conducted by DGHS, New Delhi remaining 25%seats. Reservation of seats for scheduled castes/ tribes and Other Backward Classes is made according to State Government rules. These are 3 year courses during which the doctor is attached to the respective department where he/she works as a resident. Course content and structure are as directed by Medical Council of India. Resident doctors receive hands on training in emergencies pertaining to that specialty, outpatient and inpatient management (including diagnosis and treatment), ward procedures, teaching of undergraduates and postgraduates and community services. Surgical residents are trained in the principles of surgery and actually operate under supervision. During the 3-year period, the student also does research and writes a thesis. Application for registration of the thesis topic can be made 12 months after admission to the course. A student is eligible to appear at the MD or MS examination provided he/she has obtained the MBBS degree, has completed 12 months Internship and subsequently put in 3 years continuous work as junior resident in the department concerned. The MD / MS degree shall be conferred on the candidate after acceptance of his/her thesis and after passing the prescribed MD / MS examination. The examination consists of written, clinical (or practical) and oral parts.

Other courses offered by the college

  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc. Nursing)
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory technology (B.Sc.MLT)
  • Bachelor of Science in Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (B.Sc. Medical)
  • Master of Science in Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (M.Sc. Medical)
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory technology (DMLT)
  • Diploma in Radiography (DR)

Location and campus[edit]

The college is on the Circular Road and Majitha Road in the holy city of Amritsar and provides training to 150 medical students every year. Besides it also trains post-graduate students in many specialties. The college also provides the B.Sc nursing degree to students for overall welfare of the medical field along with doctorate degrees.

Affiliated hospitals[edit]

  • Guru Nanak Dev Hospital
  • Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital
  • Bebe Nanaki Centre for Mother & Child Care
  • SGTB Trauma Center
  • Ram Lal Eye and ENT Hospital
  • TB & Chest Diseases Hospital
  • Swami Vivekananda Deaddiction Center

A 9 Storey Bebe Nanki Mother & Child Care Centre and the Guru Teg Bahadur Diagnostic & Superspeciality Complex have been built and attached to the college in the year 2012 with partial funding from Government of India under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY). Two separate complexes for the College of Nursing and the Swami Vivekananda Drug Deaddiction Centre have also been attached to the college.

The Ram Saran Das Prakash Wati Kakkar Children ward, Karam Singh Ward, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital and Sant Ram Dhall Hospital are no longer parts of Medical College as the land housing these Hospitals has been relocated to other institutes or sold. The departments housed in these hospitals have been shifted to Guru Nanak Dev Hospital, the Bebe Nanki Mother & Child Centre and the Guru Teg Bahadur Diagnostic and Super-specialty Complex.

External links[edit]