Government Seal of Japan
The Government Seal of Japan is a crest (mon) of paulownia used by the Cabinet and the Government of Japan on official documents. It is one of various paulownia mon, collectively known as the Paulownia Seals (桐紋 kirimon?) or the Paulownia Flower Seals (桐花紋 tōkamon?).
Before the Chrysanthemum Seal was used extensively, the Paulownia Seal originally was the private symbol of the Japanese Imperial Family, from as early as the twelfth century. The Toyotomi clan, led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, later adopted the Paulownia Seal for use as the crest of his clan. After the Meiji Restoration, the seal was eventually adopted as the emblem of the Japanese government.
It is now still mainly used by the Japanese government, as a contrast to the Chrysanthemum Seal which represents the Emperor as the symbol of the sovereignty of the State, and members of the Imperial Family.
Go-san kiri (五三桐?)
Go-shichi kiri (五七桐?)
Maru ni go-san kiri (丸に五三桐?)
Taikō kiri (太閤桐?)
Tosa kiri (土佐桐?)
Go-san oni kiri (五三鬼桐?)
Kiri agehachō (桐揚羽蝶?)
- Mon (emblem)
- State Seal of Japan
- Imperial Seal of Japan
- Order of the Paulownia Flowers
- University of Tsukuba
- Amimoto, Mitsuyoshi (25 August 2011). Ketteiban Shire ba Shiru hodo Omoshiroi! Kamon to Myoji. Tokyo, Japan: Seitosha. pp. 174–175. ISBN 978-4-7916-1821-7. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- Takasawa, Hitoshi (1 September 2011). Irasuto Zukai Kamon (First ed.). Tokyo, Japan: Nitto Shoin Honsha. pp. 59–61. ISBN 978-4-528-01934-8. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- Griffis, William Elliot (1876). "Sūjin, the Civilizer". The Mikado's Empire. New York, United States: Harper & Brothers. p. 67. Retrieved 2010-01-17.
- Dalby, Liza (2007). "Paulownia Blooms". East Wind Melts the Ice: A Memoir Through the Seasons. California, United States: University of California Press. p. 51. Retrieved 2010-01-17.
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