Government Seal of Japan

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A version of the Paulownia Seal used by the government of Japan
The seal is utilized in the official emblem of the Japanese Prime Minister

The Government Seal of Japan is a crest (mon) of paulownia used by the Cabinet and the Government of Japan on official documents. It is one of various paulownia mon, collectively known as the Paulownia Seals (桐紋 kirimon?) or the Paulownia Flower Seals (桐花紋 tōkamon?).[1][2]

The Paulownia of 5-7 (五七桐 go-shichi (no) kiri?) is used as the official emblem of the Prime Minister of Japan. It resembles a stylized paulownia flower with 5-7-5 leaves.

Before the Chrysanthemum Seal was used extensively, the Paulownia Seal originally was the private symbol of the Japanese Imperial Family, from as early as the twelfth century. The Toyotomi clan, led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, later adopted the Paulownia Seal for use as the crest of his clan. After the Meiji Restoration, the seal was eventually adopted as the emblem of the Japanese government.[3][4]

It is now still mainly used by the Japanese government, as a contrast to the Chrysanthemum Seal which represents the Emperor as the symbol of the sovereignty of the State, and members of the Imperial Family.


The most common design is the Paulownia of 5-3 (五三桐 go-san kiri?). [1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Amimoto, Mitsuyoshi (25 August 2011). Ketteiban Shire ba Shiru hodo Omoshiroi! Kamon to Myoji. Tokyo, Japan: Seitosha. pp. 174–175. ISBN 978-4-7916-1821-7. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Takasawa, Hitoshi (1 September 2011). Irasuto Zukai Kamon (First ed.). Tokyo, Japan: Nitto Shoin Honsha. pp. 59–61. ISBN 978-4-528-01934-8. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Griffis, William Elliot (1876). "Sūjin, the Civilizer". The Mikado's Empire. New York, United States: Harper & Brothers. p. 67. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  4. ^ Dalby, Liza (2007). "Paulownia Blooms". East Wind Melts the Ice: A Memoir Through the Seasons. California, United States: University of California Press. p. 51. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 

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