Council of Ministers (Albania)

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Council of Ministers
Këshilli i Ministrave
Kabineti i Kryeministrit.svg
Overview
Established 4 December 1912
State Republic of Albania
Leader Edi Rama
Appointed by President
Main organ Council of Ministers
Responsible to Parliament of Albania
Headquarters Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard, Tirana
Website Official Website

The Council of Ministers (Albanian: Këshilli i Ministrave) is the executive branch that constitutes the Government of Albania. The Council is led by the Prime Minister of Albania. The prime minister is nominated by the President of Albania from among those candidates, who enjoy majority support in the Parliament of Albania; the candidate is then chosen by the Parliament.[1] In the absence of the prime minister, the Deputy Prime Minister of Albania takes over his functions. There are 19 other government members, serving as deputy prime ministers, government ministers or both; they are chosen by the prime minister and confirmed by the Parliament.

As of April 2017, after a reshuffle, 50% of the cabinet ministers are females.

The Parliament of Albania must give final approval of the composition of the cabinet. The Cabinet is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state bodies.[2]

Overview[edit]

Rank[edit]

Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

Council members are subdivided into three substantial ranks, along with one honorary rank:

  • Prime Minister,
  • Deputy Prime Minister,
  • Ministers, which are the highest-ranking members of the Government
  • Deputy Ministers, that assist ministers in specialized areas of their portfolio and
  • General Secretaries (Sekretari i Përgjithshëm) that assist ministers in less important areas and occasionally attend sessions of the Council of Ministers.

Role[edit]

The Council is responsible to the Parliament of Albania. The Parliament may choose to pass a motion of censure forcing the Council of Ministers to resign. This has the effect of forcing the Government to be composed of members from the majority political party in the Assembly or to be allied to the majority in a coalition. Ministers are required to answer written or oral questions put to them by members of Parliament, known as Government questions. In addition, ministers attend sessions of the Parliament when laws concerning their assigned sectors and departmental portfolios are under consideration.

Cabinet ministers cannot propose legislation without parliamentary approval. Ministers can however propose bills to Parliament and any such legislation is generally very likely to pass. On occasion, the majority opinion in Parliament may differ significantly from those of the executive, resulting in a large number of riders.

The Cabinet plays a major role in determining the agenda of the Parliament. It can propose laws and amendments during parliamentary sessions. It also has a number of procedures at its disposal to expedite parliamentary deliberations.

Changes[edit]

During the mandate many minister were changed. Following a 2017 Albanian opposition protest which lasted three months, from February to May 2017, an agreement was reached with the opposition to create a caretaker government with technocrats. On May 22, the majority in the Parliament voted the new caretaker government, which consisted of 6 technocrat ministers and a vice-prime minister, proposed by the opposition.[3]

Incumbent Cabinet[edit]

Office Incumbent Term began
Kryeministri i Shqipërisë.svg
Prime Minister's Office
Edi Rama
(PS)
15 September 2013
Zëvëndëskryeministri i Shqipërisë.svg
Deputy Prime Minister's Office
Senida Mesi
(PS)
13 September 2017
Ministria për Europën dhe Punët e Jashtme.svg
Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs
Ditmir Bushati
(PS)
15 September 2013
Ministria e Mbrojtjes.svg
Ministry of Defence
Olta Xhaçka
(PS)
13 September 2013
Ministria e Punëve të Brendshme.svg
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Fatmir Xhafaj
(PS)
13 September 2017
Ministria e Financave dhe Ekonomisë.svg
Ministry of Finance and Economy
Arben Ahmetaj
(PS)
13 September 2017
Ministria e Infrastrukturës dhe Energjisë.svg
Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy
Damian Gjiknuri
(PS)
13 September 2017
Ministria e Arsimit, Sportit dhe Rinisë.svg
Ministry of Education, Sports and Youth
Lindita Nikolla
(PS)
13 September 2017

Ministry of Justice
Etilda Gjonaj
(PS)
13 September 2017

Ministry of Culture
Mirela Kumbaro
(PS)
15 September 2013

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Niko Peleshi
(PS)
13 September 2017
Ministria e Shëndetësisë dhe Mbrojtjes Sociale.svg
Ministry of Health and Social Care
Ogerta Manastirliu
(PS)
13 September 2017
Ministria e Turizmit dhe Mjedisit.svg
Ministry of Tourism and Environment
Blendi Klosi
(PS)
13 September 2017

Minister of State for Diaspora
Pandeli Majko
(PS)
13 September 2017

Minister of State for Entrepreneurs
Sonila Qato
(PS)
13 September 2017

Dissolved Ministries (2013–17)[edit]

Department Office
Ministria e Integrimit Europian.svg
integrimi.gov.al
Minister of European Integration
Ministrja e Integrimit Europian
Ministria e Zhvillimit Ekonomik, Turizmit, Tregtisë dhe Sipërmarrjes.svg
ekonomia.gov.al
Minister of Economic Development, Tourism, Trade and Enterprise
Ministrja e Zhvillimit Ekonomik, Turizmit, Tregtisë dhe Sipërmarrjes
Ministry of Transportation of Albania logo.jpg
transporti.gov.al
Minister of Transportation and Infrastructure
Ministri i Transportit dhe Infrastrukturës
Ministria e Mirëqenies Sociale dhe Rinisë.svg
sociale.gov.al
Minister of Social Welfare and Youth
Ministri i Mirëqenies Sociale dhe Rinisë
Ministër për Inovacionin dhe Administratën Publike.svg
inovacioni.gov.al
Minister for Innovation and Public Administration
Ministrja e Inovacionit dhe Administratës Publike
Ministër për Marrëdhëniet me Parlamentin.svg
kryeministria.al
Minister of State for Relations with Parliament
Ministrja e Shtetit për Marrëdhëniet me Parlamentin
Ministër Shteti për Çështjet Vendore.svg
ceshtjetvendore.gov.al
Minister of State for Local Governance
Ministri i Shtetit për Çështjet Vendore
Ministria e Zhvillimit Urban.svg
zhvillimiurban.gov.al
Ministry of Urban Development
Ministër i Zhvillimit Urban

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1998 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA". osce.org. p. 19. At the beginning of a legislature, as well as when the position of Prime Minister is vacant, the President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister on the proposal of the party or coalition of parties that has the majority of seats in the Assembly. 
  2. ^ "Albania (03/99)". US Department of State. Retrieved 29 March 2015.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ http://www.albaniannews.com/index.php?idm=13096&mod=2

External links[edit]