Government of Delhi

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Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi
Seal of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.svg
Seat of governmentDelhi
Executive
GovernorLt. Governor Anil Baijal
Chief ministerArvind Kejriwal
Deputy Chief MinisterManish Sisodia
Chief SecretaryVijay Kumar Dev, IAS
Legislature
Assembly
SpeakerRam Niwas Goel
Deputy SpeakerRakhi Birla
Members in Assembly70
Judiciary
High CourtDelhi High Court
Chief JusticeDhirubhai Naranbhai Patel

The Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Government of NCT of Delhi or simply Government of Delhi) is the governing authority of the Indian national capital territory of Delhi and its 11 districts. It consists of an executive, led by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, a judiciary and a legislature. The present Legislative Assembly of Delhi is unicameral, consisting of 70 members of the legislative assembly (MLA).

The Supreme Court of India in Government of NCT of Delhi v. Union of India ruled that according to the Article 239AA of the Indian constitution, that although the government had to keep him/her informed of its decisions, Delhi's lieutenant governor did not have any independent decision-making powers and had to follow the "aid and advice" of the chief minister-led council of ministers of the Government of Delhi on matters which the Delhi Legislative Assembly could legislate on, viz., all items on the State List (items on which only state legislatures can legislate) and the Concurrent List (items on which both the Parliament of India and the state legislatures can legislate) barring 'police, 'public order' and 'land'.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The court added that on matters referred to him/her, the LG was bound to follow the orders of the president.[3]

Overview[edit]

The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) handles civic administration for the city as part of the Panchayati Raj Act. New Delhi, an urban area in Delhi, is the seat of both the State Government of Delhi and the Government of India. The National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT) has three local municipal corporations namely, Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) and Delhi Cantonment Board.

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is appointed by the President of India, as agent of President and not head of state like governor, on the advice of the Central government.

The Delhi High Court has jurisdiction over Delhi, which also has two lower courts: the Small Causes Court for civil cases, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases. Unlike other states in India, the Delhi Police reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India and not the state government. Headed by the Police Commissioner, it is one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world.[7] The headquarters of Delhi Police are located at ITO.

History[edit]

The Legislative Assembly of Delhi was first constituted on 17 March 1952 under the Government of Part C States Act, 1951, but it was abolished on 1 October 1956. Its legislative assembly was re-established in the year of 1993, after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 came into force, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India, declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.[8]

The first Chief Minister (CM) of Delhi was Ch. Braham Prakash (INC) and the first women CM was Sushma Swaraj of BJP. Sheila Dikshit (INC) has been the CM for the maximum times (three) and oversaw immense development of the city during her tenure. New Delhi owes much of its growth to her tenure. Guru Radha Kishan (CPI) had the rare distinction of representing his constituency in MCD (DMC initially) for most years continuously by an individual and Ch. Prem Singh (INC) has won the maximum elections for different civic bodies in Delhi.

Ministers[edit]

As per article 239AA of Indian Constitution, the number of Ministers cannot exceed ten percent of Delhi assembly seats. Therefore, there can be a maximum of 7 Ministers(10% of 70 Delhi assembly seats)[9]

# From To Name Position
01 14 February 2015 Incumbent Arvind Kejriwal Chief Minister, Water
02 14 February 2015 Incumbent Manish Sisodia

Deputy Chief Minister, Tourism, Education, Finance, Planning, Land & Building, Vigilance, Services, Women & Child, Art, Culture & Languages And all other departments not specifically allotted to any minister

03 14 February 2015 Incumbent Satyendra Kumar Jain

Health, Industries, Public Work Department, Power, Home, Urban Development

04 14 February 2015 Incumbent Gopal Rai

Employment, Development, Labour, General Administration Department, Irrigation & Flood Control

05 14 February 2015 Incumbent Imran Hussain

Food and Supply, Environment & Forest, Election

06 14 February 2015 Incumbent Rajendra Pal Gautam

Gurudwara Elections, Water, SC & ST, Social Welfare, Cooperative

07 14 February 2015 Incumbent Kailash Gahlot

Administrative Reforms, Information & Technology, Law, Justice & Legislative Affairs, Transport, Revenue

[10][11]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Roy, Shreyashi (4 July 2018). "Can Statehood for Delhi Solve the LG vs AAP Power Tussle?". The Quint. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  2. ^ Rajagopal, Krishnadas; Singh, Soibam Rocky (4 July 2018). "Lieutenant Governor bound by 'aid and advice' of elected Delhi govt., rules Supreme Court". The Hindu. New Delhi: N. Ram. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b Mustafa, Faizan (5 July 2018). "Delhi power tussle: Between the Supreme Court's lines". The Indian Express. New Delhi: Indian Express Group. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Supreme Court to Delhi LG: Don't play decision-maker or obstructionist". The Telegraph. TT Bureau. Agencies. 4 July 2018. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 24 September 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ Prakash, Satya (4 July 2018). "SC verdict on power tussle in Delhi explained". The Tribune. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Supreme Court verdict on AAP government vs Delhi LG: Key points". The Times of India. TIMESOFINDIA.COM. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 4 July 2018. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 25 September 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ "History of Delhi Police". Delhi Police Headquarters, New Delhi, India.
  8. ^ THE CONSTITUTION (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991
  9. ^ "Special provisions with respect to Delhi".
  10. ^ "Six Ministers sworn in". The Hindu. Retrieved Feb 2015. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ "Arvind Kejriwal's cabinet". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved Feb 2015. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

External links[edit]