Government of Hungary

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Coat of Arms of Hungary (oak and olive branches).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hungary
Foreign relations

The Government of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország Kormánya) exercises executive power in Hungary.[1] It is led by the Prime Minister, and comprises ministers.[2] It is the principal organ of public administration. The Prime Minister (miniszterelnök) elected by the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and exercises executive power. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament. The Prime Minister selects Cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them. Cabinet nominees must appear before consultative open hearings before one or more parliamentary committees, survive a vote in the National Assembly, and be formally approved by the President. The cabinet is responsible to the parliament.

Since the fall of communism, Hungary has a multi-party system. The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 6 April 2014.[3] This parliamentary election was the 7th since the 1990 first multi-party election. The result was a victory for FideszKDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister.[4] It was the first election according to the new Constitution of Hungary which went into force on 1 January 2012. The new electoral law also entered into force that day. The voters elected 199 MPs instead of previous 386 lawmakers.[5][6]

List of cabinets since 1989:

Governments of Hungary
Name of Government Duration of Government Prime minister Parties Involved
Németh October 23, 1989 – May 23, 1990 Miklós Németh (MSZP) MSZP
Antall May 23, 1990 – December 12, 1993 József Antall (MDF) MDF, FKgP, KDNP
Boross December 12, 1993 – December 21, 1993 Péter Boross (MDF) MDF, EKgP, KDNP
December 21, 1990 – July 15, 1994
Horn July 15, 1994 – July 6, 1998 Gyula Horn (MSZP) MSZP, SZDSZ
Orbán I July 6, 1998 – May 27, 2002 Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz, FKgP, MDF
Medgyessy May 27, 2002 – September 29, 2004 Péter Medgyessy (Ind.) MSZP, SZDSZ
Gyurcsány I September 29, 2004 – June 9, 2006 Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP)
Gyurcsány II June 9, 2006 – April 14, 2009 Ferenc Gyurcsány (MSZP) MSZP, SZDSZ
Bajnai April 14, 2009 – May 29, 2010 Gordon Bajnai (Ind.) MSZP
Orbán II May 29, 2010 – June 6, 2014 Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz, KDNP
Orbán III June 6, 2014 – Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) Fidesz, KDNP

Notes
Traditional colours
Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP)
Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF)
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt, FKgP)
United Smallholders' Party (Egyesült Történelmi Kisgazda és Polgári Párt, EKgP)
Christian Democratic People's Party (Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt, KDNP)
Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ)
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség, Fidesz)
.

Current government[edit]

Following the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2014, the current prime minister, Viktor Orbán is serving with his government since 6 June 2014.

Name Office Party Period
Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Zsolt Semjén Deputy Prime Minister
Minister without portfolio for National Politics
KDNP 06.06.2014 -
János Lázár Minister of the Prime Minister’s Office Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Antal Rogán Minister of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office Fidesz 07.10.2015 -
Tibor Navracsics Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fidesz 06.06.2014 - 22.09.2014
Péter Szijjártó Fidesz 23.09.2014 -
Sándor Pintér Ministry of Interior Independent 06.06.2014 -
László Trócsányi Minister of Justice Independent 06.06.2014 -
Mihály Varga Minister of National Economy Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Zoltán Balog Minister of Human Resources Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Miklós Seszták Minister of National Development KDNP 06.06.2014 -
Sándor Fazekas Minister of Agriculture Fidesz 06.06.2014 -
Csaba Hende Minister of Defence Fidesz 06.06.2014 - 07.09.2015
István Simicskó KDNP 10.09.2015 -

Government history, since 1990[edit]

Prime ministers[edit]

Minister of the Interior[edit]

Sándor Pinter
Ministry of Interior

The Minister of Interior of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország belügyminisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Interior. The current foreign minister is Sándor Pintér. Between 2006 and 2010 the ministry was split into the Ministry of Local Government and the Ministry of Justice and Law. In 2010 the prior organization was restored.

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Balázs Horváth 23.05.1990 - 21.12.1990 MDF Antall
Péter Boross 21.12.1990 - 21.12.1993 MDF
Imre Kónya 21.12.1993 - 15.07.1994 MDF Boross
Gábor Kuncze 15.07.1994 - 06.07.1998 SZDSZ Horn
Sándor Pintér 06.07.1998 - 27.05.2002 Independent Orbán I
Mónika Lamperth 27.05.2002 - 09.06.2006 MSZP Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Sándor Pintér 29.05.2010 - Independent Orbán II, Orbán III
Ministry of Local Government (2006-2010)
Minister In office Party Cabinet
Mónika Lamperth 09.06.2006 - 30.06.2007 MSZP Gyurcsány II
Gordon Bajnai 30.06.2007 - 30.04.2008 Independent
István Gyenesei 30.04.2008 - 14.04.2009 Somogyért
Zoltán Varga 14.04.2009 - 29.05.2010 MSZP Bajnai
Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement (2006-2010)
Minister In office Party Cabinet
József Petrétei 09.06.2006 - 31.05.2007 Independent Gyurcsány II
Albert Takács 01.06.2007 - 17.02.2008 Independent
Tibor Draskovics 18.02.2008 - 14.12.2009 Independent Gyurcsány II, Bajnai
Imre Forgács 14.12.2009 - 29.05.2010 Independent Bajnai

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade[edit]

Péter Szíjjártó

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország külügyminisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The current foreign minister is Péter Szijjártó.

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Géza Jeszenszky 23.05.1990 - 15.07.1994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Kovács 15.07.1994 - 08.07.1998 MSZP Horn
János Martonyi 08.07.1998 - 27.05.2002 Independent Orbán I
László Kovács 27.05.2002 - 01.11.2004 MSZP Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Ferenc Somogyi 01.11.2004 - 09.06.2006 Independent Gyurcsány I
Kinga Göncz 09.06.2006 - 14.04.2009 Independent Gyurcsány II
Péter Balázs 14.04.2009 - 29.05.2010 Independent Bajnai
János Martonyi 29.05.2010 - 06.06.2014 Fidesz Orbán II
Tibor Navracsics 06.06.2014 - 23.09.2014 Fidesz Orbán III
Péter Szijjártó 23.09.2014 - Fidesz

Minister of National Economy[edit]

Mihály Varga
Ministry of National Economy

The Minister of National Economy of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország nemzetgazdasági minisztere) is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of National Economy. The current minister of national economy is Mihály Varga.

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Minister of Finance
Ferenc Rabár 23.05.1990 - 19.12.1990 Independent Antall
Mihály Kupa 20.12.1990 - 11.02.1993 MDF
Iván Szabó 24.02.1993 - 15.07.1994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Békesi 15.07.1994 - 28.02.1995 MSZP Horn
Lajos Bokros 01.03.1995 - 29.02.1996 MSZP
Péter Medgyessy 01.03.1996 - 07.07.1998 Independent
Zsigmond Járai 08.07.1998 - 31.12.2000 Fidesz Orbán I
Mihály Varga 01.01.2001 - 27.05.2002 Fidesz
Csaba László 27.05.2002 - 15.02.2004 MSZP Medgyessy
Tibor Draskovics 15.02.2004 - 24.04.2005 Independent Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
János Veres 24.04.2005 - 16.04.2009 MSZP Gyurcsány I, Gyurcsány II
Péter Oszkó 16.04.2009 - 29.05.2010 Independent Bajnai
Minister of National Economy
György Matolcsy 29.05.2010 - 03.03.2013 Fidesz Orbán II
Mihály Varga 03.03.2013 - Fidesz Orbán II, Orbán III

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Website of the Government of Hungary". Government of Hungary. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Fundamental Law of Hungary (Article 15)
  3. ^ "Áder sets date of 2014 election for April 6". 18 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hungary election: PM Viktor Orban heads for victory". bbc. 
  5. ^ Az országgyűlési képviselők választásáról szóló 2011. évi CCIII. törvény. In.: Magyar Közlöny. 2011. évi, 165. sz., 41095-41099. p.
  6. ^ "Életbe lép az új választójogi törvény". Magyar Nemzet (in Hungarian). 29 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 

External links[edit]