Government of Karnataka

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Government of Karnataka
ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಸರ್ಕಾರ
Karnāṭaka Sarkāra
Seal of Karnataka.svg
Seat of GovernmentVidhana Soudha, Bengaluru
(summer session)
Suvarna Vidhana Soudha, Belagavi
(winter session)
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerVishweshwar Hegde Kageri (BJP)
Deputy SpeakerAnand Chandrashekhar Mamani (BJP)
Members in Assembly225
CouncilKarnataka Legislative Council
ChairmanRaghunath Rao Malkapure (pro-tem Chairman)
Deputy ChairmanVacant
Members in Council75 (64 elected & 11 nominated)
Executive branch
GovernorThawar Chand Gehlot
Chief MinisterBasavaraj Bommai (BJP)
Chief SecretaryVandita Sharma,[1] IAS
Judiciary branch
High CourtHigh Court of Karnataka
Chief JusticeRitu Raj Awasthi

The Government of Karnataka, abbreviated as, GoK, or simply Karnataka Government, is a democratically-elected state body with the governor as the ceremonial head to govern the Southwest Indian state of Karnataka. The governor who is appointed for five years appoints the chief minister and on the advice of the chief minister appoints his council of ministers. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his council of ministers in whom a great amount of legislative powers are vested.

Administrative divisions[edit]

4 Divisions and 31 Districts of Karnataka

Karnataka State has been divided into 4 revenue divisions, 49 sub-divisions, 31 districts, 237 taluks, 747 hoblies/ revenue circles and 6,022 gram panchayats for administrative purposes.[2] The state has 281 towns and 7 municipal corporations. Bangalore is the largest urban agglomeration. It is among the fastest growing cities in the world.

Political and administrative reorganization[edit]

Karnataka took its present shape in 1956, when the states of Mysore and Coorg (Kodagu) were merged with the Kannada-speaking districts of the former states of Bombay and Hyderabad, and Madras. Mysore state was made up of 10 districts: Bangalore, Kolar, Tumkur, Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Chikmagalur (Kadur), Shimoga and Chitradurga; Bellary was transferred from Madras state to Mysore in 1953, when the new Andhra State was created out of Madras' northern districts. Kodagu became a district, and Dakshina Kannada (South Kanara) district was transferred from Madras state, Uttara Kannada (North Kanara), Dharwad, Belgaum District, and Bijapur District from Bombay state, and Bidar District, Kalaburgi District, and Raichur District from Hyderabad state.

In 1989, Bangalore Rural district was carved out of Bangalore district. In 1997, Bagalkot district was carved out of Vijayapura district, Chamrajnagar out of Mysore, Gadag out of Dharwad, Haveri out of Dharwad, Koppal out of Raichur, Udupi out of Dakshina Kannada and Yadgir out of Kalaburagi. Davanagere district was created from parts of Bellary, Chitradurga, Dharwad and Shimoga. In 2020, Vijayanagara district was carved out of Ballari district, to become the 31st district in the state. As a result, the world heritage site of Hampi, the erstwhile capital of Vijayanagara empire, is now part of a new district - Vijayanagara.

Legislature[edit]

The state legislature is bicameral and consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Legislative Assembly consists of 224 members with one member nominated by the governor to represent the Anglo-Indian community. The term of office of the members is five years and the term of a member elected to the council is six years.[3] The Legislative Council is a permanent body with one-third of its members retiring every two years.[4]

Ministry[edit]

The government is headed by the governor who appoints the chief minister and his council of ministers. The governor is appointed for five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested..

The secretariat headed by the secretary to the governor assists the council of ministers. The council of ministers consists of cabinet ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers. The chief minister is assisted by the chief secretary, who is the head of the administrative services.

As of August 2021, the Government of Karnataka consists of 30 ministers including Chief Minister.

Chief Minister[edit]

The Chief Minister of Karnataka is the chief executive of the Indian state of Karnataka. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[5]

Cabinet[edit]

S.No Name Portrait Constituency Department Party
Chief Minister
1. Basavaraj Bommai
Shri Basavaraj Bommai calling on the Union Minister for Defence, Shri Rajnath Singh, in New Delhi on July 30 2021.jpg Shiggoan
  • Finance.
  • Department Personnel and Administrative Reforms.
  • Cabinet Affairs.
  • Bengaluru Development.
  • Intelligence (from Home)
  • All other unallocated portfolios.
BJP
Cabinet Ministers
2. Govind Karjol Mudhol
  • Major and Medium Irrigation
BJP
3. K. S. Eshwarappa Mode-of-karnataka-assembly-elections-2013 136144047626.jpg Shimoga
  • Rural Development and Panchayat Raj
BJP
4. R. Ashoka R. Ashoka.jpg Padmanaba Nagar
  • Revenue (excluding Muzrai)
BJP
5. B. Sriramulu The MP, Lok Sabha, Karnataka, Shri B. Sreeramulu calling on the Union Minister for Railways, Shri Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu, in New Delhi on March 01, 2016.jpg Molakalmuru
  • Transport
  • Schedule Tribes Welfare
BJP
6. V. Somanna V. Somanna.jpg Govindraj Nagar
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure development
BJP
7. Umesh Katti Hukkeri
  • Forest
  • Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer affairs
BJP
8. Angara S. S Angara Sullia.jpg Sullia
  • Fisheries, Ports and Inland Transport
BJP
9. J. C. Madhu Swamy Chikkanayakanahalli
  • Law, Parliamentary affairs and Legislation
  • Minor Irrigation
BJP
10. Araga Jnanendra Araga Jnanendra.JPG Tirthahalli
  • Home Affairs. (excluding Intelligence Wing)
BJP
11. C. N. Ashwath Narayan AshwathNarayan.jpg Malleshwaram
  • Higher education.
  • IT & BT.
  • Science & Technology.
  • Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
BJP
12. C. C. Patil Nargund
  • Public Works Department
BJP
13. Anand Singh Vijayanagara
  • Tourism
  • Ecology and Environment
BJP
14. Kota Srinivas Poojary MLC
  • Social Welfare
  • Backward Classes Welfare
BJP
15 Prabhu Chauhan Aurad
  • Animal Husbandry
BJP
16. Murugesh Nirani Bilgi
  • Large and Medium Scale Industries. (Excluding Sugar, Public Enterprises)
BJP
17. Arbail Shivaram Hebbar Yellapur
  • Labour
BJP
18. S. T. Somashekhar S. T. Somashekhar.jpg Yeshvanthapura
  • Co-operation
BJP
19. B. C. Patil Hirekerur
  • Agriculture
BJP
20. Byrati Basavaraj K. R. Pura
  • Urban Development (including KUWSDB & KUIDFC, excluding Bengaluru development, BBMP, BDA, BWSSB, BMRDA, BMRCI and Directorate of Town Planning, Urban development department)
BJP
21. K. Sudhakar Chikballapur
  • Health and Family Welfare
  • Medical Education
BJP
22. K. Gopalaiah K Gopalaiah.jpg Mahalakshmi Layout
  • Excise (from Finance)
BJP
23. Shashikala Jolle Nippani
  • Muzrai
  • Haj and Wakf
BJP
24. M. T. B. Nagaraj MLC
  • Small Scale Industries, Public Sector Industries
  • Municipal Administration
BJP
25. K.C. Narayana Gowda Narayana gowda.jpg Krishnarajpete
  • Youth Empowerment and Sports
  • Sericulture
BJP
26. B. C. Nagesh BC-Nagesh.jpg Tiptur
  • Primary and Secondary Education
  • Sakala
BJP
27. V. Sunil Kumar Karkala
  • Energy
  • Kannada and Culture
BJP
28. Halappa Achar Yelburga
  • Mines and Geology (from Commerce & Industries)
  • Women, Child development and Disabled & Senior citizens empowerment
BJP
29. Shankar B Patil Navalgund
  • Handloom and Textiles (from Commerce & Industries)
  • Sugarcane Development And Directorate of Sugar
BJP
30. Munirathna Naidu Muniratna naidu.png RR Nagar
  • Horticulture
  • Planning, Program monitoring and Statistics
BJP

Karnataka Panchayat Raj[edit]

This is a 3-tier system in the state with elected bodies at the village (grama), taluka and district (zilla) levels. It ensures greater participation of people and effective implementation of rural development programs. There is a Grama Panchayat for a village (grama) or a group of villages (gramas), a Taluka Panchayat at the taluka level and a Zilla Panchayat at the district (zilla) level.

All the 3 institutions are made up of elected representatives and there is no provision for nomination by the governor to any of these councils. Karnataka was the first state in the country to enact the Panchayat Raj Act, incorporating all provisions of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution.

In 2014, Karnataka State Grama Panchayats Delimitation Committee was constituted by the government of Karnataka, with Chairman S G Nanjaiahna Mutt and 6 members. The joint secretary of the committee was Dr. Revaiah Odeyar. The report was submitted on October 30, 2014. This resulted in the implementation of Gram Panchayath Elections in 2015.

Karnataka Panchayat Administrative Service (KPAS), is the civil service of Karnataka state. The Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department conducts exams to recruit candidates for the service. The KPAS officers are usually appointed as Panchayat Development Officers (PDOs). They are trained under the Abdul Nazeer Sab State Institute of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (ANSSIRDPR), Mysuru.

The Karnataka Gram Swaraj and Panchayat Raj Act, 1993 (5) was substituted by Act 44 of 2015 with effect from 25.02.2016, as follows:

CHAPTER XVI 1 [Administration, Inspection, Supervision and Creation of Commissionerate of Gram Swaraj and Panchayat Raj]

Section 232B of the Constitution of the Karnataka Panchayat Administrative Service: The Government shall constitute a Karnataka Panchayat Administrative Service consisting of such category of posts from the rural development and panchayat raj department, the number of posts, scale of pay, method of recruitment and minimum qualifications shall be such as may be prescribed]. Inserted by Act 44 of 2015 with effect from 25.02.2016.

Urban Local Governance[edit]

Urban areas in Karnataka are governed by different municipal bodies; 10 Municipal Corporations, 59 City Municipal Councils, 116 Town Municipal Councils, 97 Town Panchayats and 4 Notified Area Committees.[6] The Municipal Corporations are administered under the State under Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976, while the rest are under the Karnataka Municipalities Act, 1964. The administration at Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike is overseen by the state government directly, while the Directorate of Municipal Administration does it for the rest of the urban local governments in Karnataka.[7] The categorisation of urban areas is done on the following basis:[8][9]

Categorisation of Urban Areas in Karnataka
Type Type of Governing Body Population Criteria Density Criteria Revenue Criteria Economic Criteria
Transitory Areas Town Panchayat 10,000 to 20,000,

or a Taluka Headquarter is located in such area

not less than 400 inhabitants to one square kilometer of area - percentage of employment in non-agricultural activities is not less than 50% of the total employment
Smaller Urban Areas Town Municipal Council 20,000 to 50,000 not less than 1,500 inhabitants to one square kilometer of area revenue generated for local administration from such area from tax and non-tax sources in the year of the last preceding census is not less than ₹9 lakhs per annum or a sum calculated at the rate of ₹45 per capita per annum, whichever is higher
City Municipal Council 50,000 to 3,00,000
Larger Urban Areas City Municipal Corporation 3,00,000 and above not less than 3,000 inhabitants to one square kilo meter of area revenue generated from such area for the local administration in the year of the last preceding census is not less than ₹6 crores per annum or an amount calculated at the rate of ₹200 per capita per annum, whichever is highe

The Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976 mandates constituting both Ward Committees and Area Sabha in each corporation.[9] The rules for setting these up are given in Karnataka Municipal Corporations (Wards Committees) Rules, 2016.[10] Ward Committees in the state have been defunct in cities where they have been formed, with the meetings being erratic or not publicised to the ward members.[11][12][13] Since the provision for setting up Ward Committees was only given in the municipal act meant for municipal corporations, only cities with population of 3 lakh or more were mandated to form them. In January 2020, the Urban Development Department of the Karnataka Government announced that Ward Committees would be formed in all urban local bodies in the state, irrespective of their population.[14]

Executive[edit]

A district of an Indian state is an administrative unit headed by a deputy commissioner or district magistrate, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Karnataka Civil Service and other Karnataka state services.

A Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. The commissioner is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Police Service and other Karnataka Police officials. A Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for managing the forests, environment and wildlife related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Forest Service and other Karnataka forest and wildlife officials. Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the State Services.

Police Administration[edit]

The state is divided into 30 police districts, 77 sub-divisions, 178 circles, State Police consists of 20 police districts, 6 Police Commissioners at Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Belagavi, Hubli-Dharwad and Kalaburgi cities, 77 sub-divisions, 178 circles, 927 police stations, and 317 police outposts. There are seven ranges: Central Range at Bangalore, Eastern Range at Davanagere, Northern Range at Belagavi, Southern Range at Mysore and Western Range at Mangalore, North Eastern Range Kalaburgi, Ballari range. The government Railway Police is headed by a ADGP of Police.[15]

Units that assist the state in law and order include Criminal Investigation Department (Forest Cell, Anti-Dowry Cell, etc.), Dog Squad, Civil Rights Enforcement Wing, Police Wireless and Police Motor Transport Organization and special units. Village Defence Parties protect persons and property in the village and assist the police when necessary. The police force is at times supplemented by Home Guards.

Politics[edit]

Karnataka politics is dominated by the Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC) and Janata Dal (Secular).

In recent election conducted in May 2018 BJP emerged as single largest party with 104 seats leaving behind INC with 79, JDS with 38, BSP with 1 and other 2 independent seats. While B. S. Yeddyurappa went ahead with the intention of making the government and requested the governor to allow him to form a government without the numbers though. Governor allowed him to take oath as Chief Minister on 17 May 2018 although his happiness was short-lived, as SC struck down 2 weeks of time provided by the governor for the floor test to just 2 days. He was forced to resign unable to prove the majority. After his resignation H. D. Kumaraswamy was sworn in as the Chief Minister on 23 May 2019 with absolute majority support from Congress total of 117.

In later bypolls JDS+Congress combine won 4 out of 5 seats 3MP & 2 MLA seats making the numbers up by 119.

On 23 July 2019 the government headed by H. D. Kumaraswamy fell short of majority in the trust vote due to the resignation of 17 MLAs from the Congress and the JDS.

B. S. Yeddiyurappa once again took oath as the chief minister for the 4th time on 26 July 2019.

Elections[edit]

Last assembly elections: 2018 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election

The by-elections for the 15 constituencies : 2019 Karnataka Legislative Assembly by-elections

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ //indianexpress-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/indianexpress.com/article/cities/bangalore/karnataka-govt-appoints-senior-most-ias-officer-vandita-sharma-as-chief-secretary-7940188/lite/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQKKAFQArABIIACAw%3D%3D#aoh=16538306381861&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Findianexpress.com%2Farticle%2Fcities%2Fbangalore%2Fkarnataka-govt-appoints-senior-most-ias-officer-vandita-sharma-as-chief-secretary-7940188%2F
  2. ^ "Statistics - Karnataka state". Online webpage of the Forest Department. Government of Karnataka. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  3. ^ A Jayaram. "Council polls may not give Congress majority". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2002-05-31. 2002, The Hindu. Archived from the original on 18 August 2002. Retrieved 4 June 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. ^ "Karnataka Legislative Council". Online webpage of Legislative bodies in India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  5. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Karnataka as well.
  6. ^ "About DMA". Directorate of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  7. ^ "About Us". Urban Development Department, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Karnataka Municipalities Act, 1964" (PDF). Department of Parliamentary Affairs, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976". Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  10. ^ "Karnataka Municipal Corporations (Wards Committees) Rules, 2016". Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Why ward committees are ineffective in Bengaluru: BBMP councillors' "Maharaja Complex"!". Citizen Matters, Bengaluru. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  12. ^ M, Akshatha. "Bengaluru's ward committees, set up after a fight, need another push". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  13. ^ Ramani, Chitra V. (27 July 2018). "Ward Committees in name alone". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  14. ^ "All cities, ULBs in Karnataka to have ward committees". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  15. ^ "karnatakastatepolice.org". www.karnatakastatepolice.org.


External links[edit]

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