Government of Latvia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Latvia
Foreign relations
Meeting room of the Government of Latvia in the Palace of Justice

The Government of Latvia is the central government of the Republic of Latvia. The Constitution of Latvia (Satversme) outlines the nation as a parliamentary republic represented by a unicameral parliament (Saeima) and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia, which form the executive branch of the Government of Latvia.

Since the early 2000s cabinet meetings in Latvia have been open to the public. In June 2013, the Latvian government became one of the first in Europe to offer live internet broadcasts of cabinet meetings.

Current Cabinet of Ministers[edit]

The incumbent cabinet is the Kučinskis cabinet since 11 February 2016. On 7 December 2015 Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma resigned, which forced negotiations for a new government. The Second Straujuma cabinet served as a caretaker government until the new cabinet was sworn in.[1]

Position Name Party Dates
Prime Minister Māris Kučinskis Union of Greens and Farmers 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Economics, Vice Prime Minister Arvils Ašeradens Unity 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Finance Dana Reizniece-Ozola Union of Greens and Farmers 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Foreign Affairs Edgars Rinkēvičs Unity 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Defence Raimonds Bergmanis Union of Greens and Farmers 11 February 2016 –
Minister for the Interior Rihards Kozlovskis Unity 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Education and Science Kārlis Šadurskis Unity 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Culture Dace Melbārde National Alliance 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Welfare Jānis Reirs Unity 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Environmental Protection and Regional Development Kaspars Gerhards National Alliance 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Transport Uldis Augulis Union of Greens and Farmers 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Justice Dzintars Rasnačs National Alliance 11 February 2016 –
Minister for Health Anda Čakša[2] Independent 16 June 2016 –
Minister for Agriculture Jānis Dūklavs Union of Greens and Farmers 11 February 2016 –

List of governments[edit]

Government Dates Prime Minister Coalition parties
1st Provisional 18 November 1918 – 11 June 1920 Kārlis Ulmanis LZS, LRDP, DS, LRP, LNP
2nd Ulmanis I 20 June 1920 – 18 June 1921 Kārlis Ulmanis LZS, DS, ENDP, DP, LgZP
3rd Meierovics I 19 June 1921 – 18 July 1922 Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics LZS, DP, LgZP, SDML, LTP
4th Meierovics II 20 July 1922 – 26 January 1923 Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics LZS, DP, LgZP, SDML
5th Pauļuks 27 January 1923 – 27 June 1923 Jānis Pauļuks DC, LZS, LKZS, JS, LSDSP, SDML
6th Meierovics III 28 June 1923 – 26 January 1924 Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics LZS, DC, LgZP, LSDSP, LKZS, SDML
7th Zāmuēls 25 January 1924 – 17 December 1924 Voldemārs Zāmuēls BPNC, DC, LKZS, JS
8th Celmiņš 19 December 1924 – 23 December 1925 Hugo Celmiņš LZS, DC, JS, SDML
9th Ulmanis II 24 December 1925 – 6 May 1926 Kārlis Ulmanis LZS, LKZS, LgZP, LJSP, JS, NA
10th Alberings 7 May 1926 – 18 December 1926 Arturs Alberings LZS, DC, LJSP, JS, LgZP
11th Skujenieks I 19 december 1926 – 23 January 1928 Marģers Skujenieks SDML, LSDSP, DC, PTA, JS
12th Juraševskis 24 January 1928 – 30 November 1928 Pēteris Juraševskis DC, KZKP, LgZP, LZS, DbRP
13th Celmiņš II 1 December 1928 – 26 March 1931 Hugo Celmiņš LZS, DC, KA, KZKP, LDZA, LJSP, NA, DbRP
14th Ulmanis III 27 March 1931 – 5 December 1931 Kārlis Ulmanis LZS, KZKP, LZPA, LJSP, MKRA, NA
15th Skujenieks II 6 December 1931 – 23 March 1933 Marģers Skujenieks PA, LZS, DC, LZPA, LJSP
16th Bļodnieks 24 March 1933 – 16 March 1934 Ādolfs Bļodnieks LJSP, KZKP, PA, LZS, DC, LZPA, KA
17th Ulmanis IV 17 March 1934 – 15 May 1934 Kārlis Ulmanis LZS, KDB, KZKP, LZPA
18th Ulmanis V 16 May 1934 – 19 June 1940 Kārlis Ulmanis Authoritarian régime
19th Kirhenšteins 20 June 1940 – 25 August 1940 Augusts Kirhenšteins Soviet occupation
Alternating Soviet and Nazi régimes. See Latvian Diplomatic Service in exile and Latvian Central Council.
20th Godmanis I 7 May 1990 – 3 August 1993 Ivars Godmanis LTF, LC
21st Birkavs 3 August 1993 – 19 September 1994 Valdis Birkavs LC, LZS, LZP
22nd Gailis 19 September 1994 – 21 December 1995 Māris Gailis LC, TPA, LZS, LZP, TB
23rd Šķēle I 21 December 1995 – 13 February 1997 Andris Šķēle DPS, TB, LC, LNNK, LZS, LZP, LVP
24th Šķēle II 13 February 1997 – 7 August 1997 Andris Šķēle DPS, TB, LC, LNNK, LZS, LZP, KDS
25th Krasts 7 August 1997 – 26 November 1998 Guntars Krasts TB/LNNK, LC, LZS, LZP, DPS, KTP
26th Krištopans 26 November 1998 – 16 July 1999 Vilis Krištopans LC, TB, JP, LSDSP
27th Šķēle III 16 July 1999 – 5 May 2000 Andris Šķēle TP, LC, TB/LNNK
28th Bērziņš 5 May 2000 – 7 November 2002 Andris Bērziņš LC, TP, TB/LNNK, JP
29th Repše 7 November 2002 – 9 March 2004 Einars Repše JL, ZZS, TB/LNNK, LPP
30th Emsis 9 March 2004 – 2 December 2004 Indulis Emsis ZZS, TP, LPP
31st Kalvītis I 2 December 2004 – 7 November 2006 Aigars Kalvītis TP, ZZS, LPP, JL
32nd Kalvītis II 7 November 2006 – 20 December 2007 Aigars Kalvītis TP, ZZS, LPP/LC, TB/LNNK
33rd Godmanis II 20 December 2007 – 12 March 2009 Ivars Godmanis LPP/LC, TP, ZZS, TB/LNNK
34th Dombrovskis I 12 March 2009 – 3 November 2010 Valdis Dombrovskis JL, TP, ZZS, TB/LNNK, PS
35th Dombrovskis II 3 November 2010 – 25 October 2011 Valdis Dombrovskis Unity, ZZS
36th Dombrovskis III 25 October 2011 – 22 January 2014 Valdis Dombrovskis Unity, RP, NA
37th Straujuma I 22 January 2014 – 5 November 2014 Laimdota Straujuma Unity, RP, NA, ZZS
38th Straujuma II 5 November 2014 – 11 February 2016 Laimdota Straujuma Unity, NA, ZZS
39th Kučinskis 11 February 2016 – present day Māris Kučinskis Unity, NA, ZZS

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin-Hemphill, Richard (2015-12-07). "Latvia Government Falls as Prime Minister Quits". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  2. ^ "Anda Caksa approved as Latvia's Healthcare Minister". Baltic News Network. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2016.