Government of Mohammad-Ali Rajai (1980–81)

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Abolhassan Banisadr
Bani Sadr 1958.jpg
President of Iran
In office
4 February 1980 – 21 June 1981
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Leader Ruhollah Khomeini
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Personal details
Born (1933-03-22) 22 March 1933 (age 84)
Hamedan,[1] Iran
Political party Independent
Religion Twelver Shia Islam
Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Prime Minister of Iran
In office
12 August 1980 – 4 August 1981
President Abolhassan Banisadr
Leader Ruhollah Khomeini
Preceded by Mehdi Bazargan
Succeeded by Mohammad Javad Bahonar
Personal details
Born (1933-06-15)15 June 1933
Qazvin, Iran
Died 30 August 1981(1981-08-30) (aged 48)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Islamic Republican Party
Spouse(s) Ateghe Sediqi (1958-1981)
Religion Twelver Shi'a Islam

Government of Mohammad-Ali Rajai was the first government of Iran after the Iranian Revolution. At that time, Abolhassan Banisadr was president and Mohammad-Ali Rajai was prime minister.

Bani Sadr's Presidency[edit]

He was elected to a four-year term as President on 25 January 1980, receiving 78.9 percent of the vote in a competitive election against Ahmad Madani, Hassan Habibi, Sadegh Tabatabaee, Dariush Forouhar, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Kazem Sami, Mohammad Makri, Hassan Ghafourifard, and Hassan Ayat, and inaugurated on 4 February. Khomeini remained the Supreme Leader of Iran, with the constitutional authority to dismiss the President. The inaugural ceremonies were held at the hospital where Khomeini was recovering from a heart ailment.[2]

Banisadr was not an Islamic cleric; Khomeini had insisted that clerics should not run for positions in the government. In August and September 1980, Banisadr survived two helicopter crashes near the Iranian border with Iraq.

Banisadr soon fell out with Khomeini, who reclaimed the power of Commander-in-Chief on 10 June 1981.

Rajai's Prime Ministership[edit]

After Iranian Revolution in 1979, He became Minister of Education in the Interim Government of Mehdi Bazargan. When Abolhassan Banisadr was elected as president, The parliament elected him as the new prime minister.He was prime minister of Islamic Republic of Iran from 1980 to 1981.He was also Minister of Foreign Affairs for five months, 11 March 1981 to 15 August 1981, while he was Prime Minister.

Members of the cabinet[edit]

During the nomination process, there were serious tensions between Rajai and Banisadr due to the latter's objections over the candidates.[3]

List of members of Rajai's cabinet was as follows:

Ministry Minister
President Abolhassan Banisadr
Prime Minister Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Agricultural Mohammad Salamati
Commerce Hossein Kazempur
Post Mahmoud Ghandi
Culture and Islamic Guidance Abbas Dozdorani
Defense and Armed Forces Logistics Javad Fakoori
Economy Hossein Namazi
Education Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
Energy Hassan Abbaspur
Foreign Affairs Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Health Hadi Manafi
Housing and Urban Development Mohammad-Shahab Gonabadi
Industries Mohammad-Reza Ne'matzadeh
Interior Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
Justice Ebrahim Ahadi
Labour and Social Affairs Mir-Mohammad Sadeghi
Petroleum Mohammad Javad Tondguyan
Roads Mousa Kalantary
Science and Culture Hassan Arefi

See also[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Interim Government of Council of Islamic Revolution (fa)
Government of Iran
Succeeded by
Government of Mohammad-Javad Bahonar


  1. ^ Abolhasan Bani Sadr: Information and Much More from
  2. ^ Facts on File 1980 Yearbook, p88
  3. ^ "Iranians quarrel over cabinet selections". Observer Reporter. AP. 11 September 1980. Retrieved 26 July 2013.