Government of Spain

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Spain is a constitutional monarchy whose government is defined by the Constitution of Spain. This was approved by a general referendum of the people of Spain in 1978. The final interpretation of the Constitution, in the case of dispute, is the business of the Constitutional Court of Spain.

There are three main institutions known as the Cortes Generales, which are legally independent:

  • The Congress of Deputies, a general assembly of representatives whose controlling faction forms an executive government and proposes legislative changes,
  • The assembly of senators consider the wider implications and compatibility of proposed legislation,
  • The judicial branch composed of a hierarchy of law courts which ensure that any proposed or imposed executive enforcement complies with Spanish and European law.

Head of State[edit]

Heads of Government[edit]

  • President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. He is informally but internationally and commonly referred to as the "Prime Minister". The current holder is Mariano Rajoy Brey, who was elected on 21 December 2011. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.

Previous Legislations[edit]

Presidents of the Governments of Spain since the Spanish transition to democracy[edit]

President Party Term of office Legislature
Adolfo Suárez Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 2 April 1979 26 February 1981 I
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 26 February 1981 2 de December 1982
Felipe González Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 de December 1982 5 May 1996 II, III, IV, V
José María Aznar People's Party (PP) 5 May 1996 17 April 2004 VI, VII
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 17 April 2004 21 Deciember 2011 VIII, IX
Mariano Rajoy People's Party (PP) 21 December 2011 20 December 2015 X
No majority party (Provisional government) 20 December 2015 Present XI

Current government[edit]

The following is the list of members of the Cabinet of Spain formed after the 2011 general election.

Government of Spain (10th Legislature)[1]
Portfolio Minister
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Brey
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister for the Presidency
María Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría Antón
Minister of Economic Affairs and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos Jurado
Minister of the Treasury and Public Administrations Cristóbal Montoro Romero
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation José García-Margallo y Marfil
Minister of Justice Rafael Catalá Polo
Minister of Defence Pedro Morenés Eulate
Minister of the Interior Jorge Fernández Díaz
Minister of Public Works Ana Pastor Julián
Minister of Education, Culture and Sport Íñigo Méndez de Vigo y Montojo
Minister of Employment and Social Security Fátima Báñez García
Minister of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Affairs Isabel García Tejerina
Minister of Industry, Energy and Tourism José Manuel Soria López
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Alfonso Alonso Aranegui


Government of Spain logo

Shown here is the official logo of the Government of Spain. On the left are the EU and the Spanish flags; in the centre is the coat of arms of Spain and the words Gobierno de España (in English: "Government of Spain"); and on the right side is a representation of La Moncloa, the official residence of the Prime Minister of Spain, where press conferences are given and the Council of Ministers meets. Below it is a variant design for the Ministry of Finance.


External links[edit]