Government of Sri Lanka
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politics and government of
The Constitution of Sri Lanka has been the constitution of the island nation of Sri Lanka since its original promulgation by the National State Assembly on 7 September 1978. It is Sri Lanka's second republican constitution, and its third constitution since the country's independence (as Ceylon) in 1948. As of April 2015 it has been formally amended 19 times.
The President, directly elected for a five-year term, is head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces. The election occurs under the Sri Lankan form of the contingent vote. Responsible to Parliament for the exercise of duties under the constitution and laws, the president may be removed from office by a two-thirds vote of Parliament with the concurrence of the Supreme Court.
The President appoints and heads a cabinet of ministers responsible to Parliament. The President's deputy is the prime minister, who leads the ruling party in Parliament. A parliamentary no-confidence vote requires dissolution of the cabinet and the appointment of a new one by the President.
|Maithripala Sirisena||New Democratic Front||6,217,162||51.28%|
|Mahinda Rajapaksa||United People's Freedom Alliance||5,768,090||47.58%|
|Ratnayake Arachchige Sirisena||Patriotic National Front||18,174||0.15%|
|Namal Ajith Rajapaksa||Our National Front||15,726||0.13%|
|Maulawi Ibrahim Mohanmed Mishlar||United Peace Front||14,379||0.12%|
|A. S. P. Liyanage||Sri Lanka Labour Party||14,351||0.12%|
|Ruwanthileke Peduru||United Lanka People's Party||12,436||0.10%|
|Aithurus M. Illias||Independent||10,618||0.09%|
|Duminda Nagamuwa||Frontline Socialist Party||9,941||0.08%|
|Siritunga Jayasuriya||United Socialist Party||8,840||0.07%|
|Sarath Manamendra||New Sinhala Heritage||6,875||0.06%|
|Pani Wijesiriwardene||Socialist Equality Party||4,277||0.04%|
|Sundaram Mahendran||Nava Sama Samaja Party||4,047||0.03%|
|Muthu Bandara Theminimulla||All Are Citizens, All Are Kings Organisation||3,846||0.03%|
|Battaramulle Seelarathana||Jana Setha Peramuna||3,750||0.03%|
|Prasanna Priyankara||Democratic National Movement||2,793||0.02%|
|Jayantha Kulathunga||United Lanka Great Council||2,061||0.02%|
|Wimal Geeganage||Sri Lanka National Front||1,826||0.02%|
The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a six year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies and 29 by proportional representation. The President may summon, suspend, or end a legislative session and dissolve Parliament any time after it has served for one year. Parliament reserves the power to make all laws.
The primary modification is that the party that receives the largest number of valid votes in each constituency gains a unique "bonus seat" (see Hickman, 1999). Since its independence in 1948, Sri Lanka has remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
|Alliances and parties||Votes||%||Seats|
|United National Front for Good Governance[a]||5,098,916||45.66%||93||13||106|
|United People's Freedom Alliance
|Tamil National Alliance[g]||515,963||4.62%||14||2||16|
|Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna||543,944||4.87%||4||2||6|
|Sri Lanka Muslim Congress[c]||44,193||0.40%||1||0||1|
|Eelam People's Democratic Party||33,481||0.30%||1||0||1|
|All Ceylon Makkal Congress[b]||33,102||0.30%||0||0||0|
|Buddhist People's Front
|Tamil National People's Front[h]||18,644||0.17%||0||0||0|
|Ceylon Workers' Congress[d]||17,107||0.15%||0||0||0|
|Frontline Socialist Party||7,349||0.07%||0||0||0|
|United People's Party||5,353||0.05%||0||0||0|
The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the country. It is set out in the constitution, which defines courts as independent institutions within the traditional framework of checks and balances. The Sri Lankan courts are presided over by professional judges, judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President with the nomination of the Parliamentary Council, others by the Judicial Service Commission.
Sri Lankan Law
- The UNFGG contested under the name and symbol of UNP.
- The ACMC contested separately in one district (Ampara) and with the UNFGG in other districts.
- The SLMC contested separately in two districts (Batticaloa and Vanni) and with the UNFGG in other districts.
- The CWC contested separately in three districts (Badulla, Kandy and Kegalle) and with the UPFA in other districts.
- The CF contested separately in two districts (Nuwara Eliya and Vanni) and with the UPFA in other districts.
- The LP contested separately in four districts (Colombo, Galle, Kurunegala and Matara) and with the UPFA in other districts.
- The TNA contested under the name and symbol of ITAK.
- The TNPF contested under the name and symbol of ACTC.
- "Presidential Election 08-01-2015 – Official Results – All Island Final Result". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results ALL ISLAND RESULTS". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results COMPOSITIOIN OF THE PARLIAMANT". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- "Judicial System of Sri Lanka". Commonwealth Governance. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- Government of Sri Lanka
- The Official Website of the Data and Information Unit of the Presidential Secretariat, Sri Lanka
- Executive Branch
- Legislative Branch