Council of Ministers (Syria)
|Council of Ministers of the Syrian Arab Republic|
|مجلس وزراء الجمهورية العربية السورية|
|Established||1930 (Constitution of Syria)|
|State||Syrian Arab Republic|
|Leader||Prime Minister of Syria|
|Appointed by||President of Syria|
|Responsible to||People's Assembly and the President|
|Headquarters||Government building, Damascus, Syria|
Cabinet in Constitution
Section 2 The Council of Ministers
- Article 118 [Cabinet]
- (1) The Cabinet is the state's highest executive and administrative body. It consists of the Prime Minister, his deputies, and the ministers. It supervises the execution of the laws and regulations and the work of the state machinery and institutions.
Appointment, powers and removal
- Appointed by the President
- Implementing state public policy
- Enforcing laws
- Supervising government bodies
- Passing administrative decisions
- Advising the President
- Upon dismissal by the President
- Upon submission of resignation to the President
- Upon removal or resignation of the President
- Upon a vote of no-confidence by the legislature
President Bashar al-Assad accepted the entire cabinet's resignation after a meeting on 29 March 2011. Al-Assad then appointed outgoing Prime Minister Muhammad Naji al-Otari to continue as caretaker prime minister until a new government is appointed. On 3 April 2011, Assad appointed Minister of Agriculture Adel Safar the new Prime Minister. On 6 April 2011, the state-run al-Ekhbariya TV channel said that Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem, Minister of Defense Dawoud Rajiha, Minister of Endowment and Religious Affairs Mohammed Abdul-Sattar Al Sayed, and Minister of Presidential Palace Affairs Mansour Fadlallah Azzam would remain in the new cabinet. On 9 April 2011, DayPress News reported the new cabinet was expected to be announced in the next week. On 14 April 2011, a new cabinet was officially announced.
On 9 February 2013, president Assad changed seven ministers in the cabinet. The cabinet reshuffle included the ministries of oil, finance, social affairs, labour, housing, public works and agriculture.
In July 2016 president Assad issued Decree no. 203 for 2016 which listed the new Syrian government.
- Second Mustafa Mero government (2001–2003)
- Muhammad Naji al-Otari government (2003–2011)
- Adel Safar government (2011–12)
- Riyad Hijab government (2012)
- First Wael al-Halqi government (2012–2014)
- Second Wael al-Halqi government (2014–2016)
- Imad Khamis government (2016–2020)
- First Arnous government (2020–2021)
- Second Arnous government (2021–present)
- "English Translation of the Syrian Constitution". Qordoba. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- "Constitutional history of Syria". constitutionniet.org. Retrieved 11 December 2021.
- Syrian cabinet resigns as regime seeks to calm protests, The Guardian, 29 March 2011
- Syrian cabinet resigns amid unrest, says state TV, BBC News, 29 March 2011
- President al-Assad appointed Adel Safar as New PM, DayPress News, 4 April 2011
- Syrian PM-designate starts consultations to form new cabinet, Xinhua, 6 April 2011
- Safar continues Government-Formation, SANA, DayPress News, 9 April 2011
- Syrian new Cabinet, DayPress News, 14 April 2011
- Syria president appoints new government, orders protesters freed from jail, The National, 14 April 2011
- "Cabinet Shift Within Syria Seems Aimed at Economy". The New York Times. Associated Press. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "Syrian president reshuffles economic Cabinet posts". Al Jazeera. Associated Press. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "President al-Assad issues Decree no. 203 forming the new Syrian government 3 July 2016". SANA. 3 July 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "من هو وزير الزراعة الجديد محمد حسان قطنا ؟". تلفزيون الخبر ::اخبار سوريا (in Arabic). 30 August 2020. Archived from the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
- "من هو وزير النفط والثروة المعدنية الجديد بسام طعمة ؟ | تلفزيون الخبر ::اخبار سوريا::". alkhabar-sy.com. 31 August 2020. Archived from the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- ""New Syrian Government Formed". Syria Times. 3 July 2016. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "President al-Assad issues cabinet reshuffle decree". SANA. 26 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.