Government of the 3rd Dáil

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The 3rd Dáil was elected at the 1922 general election on 16 June 1922 and lasted 437 days.

2nd Provisional Government[edit]

Government of the 3rd Dáil
2nd Provisional Government
5th Ministry
William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg
Date formed30 August 1922
Date dissolved6 December 1922
People and organisations
Head of stateGeorge V
Head of governmentW. T. Cosgrave
Total no. of ministers11
Member partiesSinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)
Status in legislatureMinority Government
History
Election(s)1922 general election
Legislature term(s)3rd Dáil
Predecessor1st Provisional Government
Successor1st Executive Council

The 2nd Provisional Government (30 August 1922 – 6 December 1922) was formed by W. T. Cosgrave, who had been appointed as Chairman of the Provisional Government on 25 August 1922, after the death of Michael Collins on 22 August.

The Third Dáil first met on 9 September 1922. W. T. Cosgrave was elected as President of the Dáil and formed a new Ministry of Dáil Éireann, composed of Pro-Treaty members of Sinn Féin. With these appointments, the dual cabinets which had existed from January 1922 came to an end. Arthur Griffith had served as President of the Dáil in the 4th Ministry from 10 January and Michael Collins had served as Chairman of the Provisional Government in the 1st Provisional Government from 16 January. After the deaths of both Collins and Griffith in August 1922, Cosgrave now served in both positions, with the membership of the Provisional Government and the Ministry being identical. The new cabinet was therefore both the 2nd Provisional Government and the 5th Ministry, while Cosgrave was both Chairman of the Provisional Government and President of Dáil Éireann. Both cabinets were abolished when the new Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force on 6 December 1922.

Office Name
Chairman of the Provisional Government[1] W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Finance[2]
Minister for Foreign Affairs[3] Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for Home Affairs[4] Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Local Government[5] Ernest Blythe
Minister for Agriculture[6] Patrick Hogan
Minister for Industry and Commerce[7] Joseph McGrath
Minister for Education[8] Eoin MacNeill
Minister for Defence[9] Richard Mulcahy
Postmaster-General[10] James J. Walsh
Minister without portfolio[11] Fionán Lynch
Eamonn Duggan

1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State[edit]

Government of the 3rd Dáil
1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State
William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg
Date formed6 December 1922
Date dissolved19 September 1923
People and organisations
Head of stateGeorge V
Governor-GeneralTim Healy
Head of governmentW. T. Cosgrave
Deputy head of governmentKevin O'Higgins
Total no. of ministers10 (inc. 3 non-members of the Executive Council)
Member partiesSinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)
(Dec. 1922 – April 1923)
Cumann na nGaedheal
(April–Sep. 1923)
Status in legislatureMinority Government
Opposition leaderThomas Johnson (Labour Party)
History
Legislature term(s)3rd Dáil
Predecessor2nd Provisional Government
Successor2nd Executive Council
Cumann na nGaedheal government 1922/23

The 1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State (6 December 1922 – 19 September 1923) was formed by Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin, which later became Cumann na nGaedheal. On 6 December 1922, the Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force and William T. Cosgrave was elected by the Dáil as President of the Executive Council.[12]

The President nominated the members of the Executive Council on 6 December.[13]

Office Name
President of the Executive Council W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Finance
Vice-President of the Executive Council Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Home Affairs
Minister for Defence Richard Mulcahy
Minister for Education Eoin MacNeill
Minister for External Affairs Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for Industry and Commerce Joseph McGrath
Minister for Local Government Ernest Blythe

Ministers not members of the Executive Council[edit]

The following Ministers were proposed by a committee of the Dáil on 14 December 1922.[14]

Office Name
Minister for Agriculture and Lands Patrick Hogan
Minister for Fisheries Fionán Lynch
Postmaster-General James J. Walsh

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: ELECTION OF PRESIDENT". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: MINISTER FOR FINANCE". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: FOREIGN AFFAIRS". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: HOME AFFAIRS". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: LOCAL GOVERNMENT". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: MINISTER FOR AGRICULTURE". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: MINISTER FOR EDUCATION". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: MINISTER FOR DEFENCE". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: MINISTRY OF POST OFFICE". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Saturday, 9 September 1922: MINISTERS WITHOUT PORTFOLIO". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 6 December 1922: ELECTION OF PRESIDENT". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 6 December 1922: NOMINATIONS TO EXECUTIVE COUNCIL". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 14 December 1922: REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ELECTED TO NOMINATE MINISTERS WHO SHALL NOT BE MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 22 August 2019.