Government of the 3rd Dáil

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The 3rd Dáil was elected at the 1922 general election on 16 June 1922 and lasted 437 days.

2nd Provisional Government[edit]

Government of the 3rd Dáil
2nd Provisional Government
William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg
Date formed 30 August 1922
Date dissolved 6 December 1922
People and organisations
Head of government W. T. Cosgrave
Head of state George V
Total number of ministers 11
Member parties Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty)
Status in legislature Minority Government
History
Election(s) 1922 general election
Legislature term(s) 3rd Dáil
Predecessor 1st Provisional Government
Successor 1st Executive Council

The 2nd Provisional Government (30 August 1922 – 6 December 1922) was formed by Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin.[1] It came to office following the election of the Third Dáil on 16 June 1922. The cabinet came to an end when it was superseded by a new cabinet, the 1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State.

Its formation brought to an end the anomalous system of dual administration that had existed since January, of government under two cabinets simultaneously, the 4th Ministry under Arthur Griffith, and the 1st Provisional Government under Michael Collins. Following the death of Collins and Griffith in August 1922, W. T. Cosgrave decided to merge the two administrations, with himself as head of both. The new cabinet was therefore both the 2nd Provisional Government and the 5th Ministry, while Cosgrave was officially both Chairman of the Provisional Government of the Irish Free State and President of the Republic. Both cabinets were finally, formally abolished when the new Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force in December.

Office Name
Chairman of the Provisional Government W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Finance
Minister for Agriculture Patrick Hogan
Minister for Defence Richard Mulcahy
Minister for Education Eoin MacNeill
Minister for External Affairs Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for Home Affairs Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Industry and Commerce Joseph McGrath
Minister for Local Government Ernest Blythe
Postmaster-General James J. Walsh
Minister without portfolio Fionán Lynch
Minister without portfolio Eamonn Duggan

1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State[edit]

Government of the 3rd Dáil
1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State
William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg
Date formed 6 December 1922
Date dissolved 19 September 1923
People and organisations
Head of government W. T. Cosgrave
Deputy head of government Kevin O'Higgins
Head of state George V
Total number of ministers 10 (inc. 3 non-members of the Executive Council)
Member parties Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) (Dec. 1922 – April 1923)
Cumann na nGaedheal (April–Sep. 1923)
Status in legislature Minority Government
Opposition leader Thomas Johnson (Labour Party)
History
Legislature term(s) 3rd Dáil
Predecessor 2nd Provisional Government
Successor 2nd Executive Council

The 1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State (6 December 1922 – 19 September 1923) was formed by Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin, which later became the Cumann na nGaedheal party.[1] The Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force in December 1922 and under its terms the Second Provisional Government was replaced by the Executive Council.

However elections were not held for the 4th Dáil until August 1923 and so the membership of the 1st Executive Council closely reflected that of the Second Provisional Government of Southern Ireland that had preceded it. The 1st Executive Council was replaced by the 2nd Executive Council shortly after the 1923 general election.

Office Name
President of the Executive Council W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Finance
Vice-President of the Executive Council Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Home Affairs
Minister for Defence Richard Mulcahy
Minister for Education Eoin MacNeill
Minister for External Affairs Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for Industry and Commerce Joseph McGrath
Minister for Local Government Ernest Blythe

Ministers not members of the Executive Council[edit]

Office Name
Minister for Agriculture and Lands Patrick Hogan
Minister for Fisheries Fionán Lynch
Postmaster-General James J. Walsh

The government positions are listed in alphabetical order, rather than in terms of seniority.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of Government – Third Dáil". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 20 October 2013.