Politics of the Republic of Macedonia

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Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Macedonia

Politics in the Republic of Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Political system[edit]

The political system of the Republic of Macedonia consists of three branches: Legislative, Executive and Judicial. The Constitution[1] is the highest law of the country. The political institutions are constituted by the will of its citizens by secret ballot at direct and general elections. Its political system of parliamentary democracy was established with the Constitution of 1991, which stipulates the basic principles of democracy and guarantees democratic civil freedom. The Elections for Representatives in the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia is held in October. The Assembly is composed of 123 Representatives, who are elected for a period of four years. Out of this number, 120 are elected proportionally in 6 constituencies of 20 each, and 3 according to the majority principle, specifically for the diaspora (depending on turnout) (the territory of the Republic of Macedonia representing one constituency). There are approximately 1.5 million voters registered in the General Electoral Roll for the election of Representatives in the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia in 2.973 polling stations[?]. The voting for the representatives is conducted according to the list system. [2]

Presidents[edit]

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Gjorge Ivanov VMRO-DPMNE 12 May 2009
Prime Minister Zoran Zaev SDSM 31 May 2017

Although in Macedonian, these roles have very similar titles (Претседател на Република Македонија "President of the Republic of Macedonia" and Претседател на Владата на Република Македонија "President of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia") it is much less confusing to refer to them in English as President and Prime Minister respectively. These are also the terms used in the English translation of the constitution.

The President[edit]

Coat of arms of the President of Macedonia
  • cannot hold any other public office or position in a political party
  • is elected for a 5-year term and can serve a maximum of two terms
  • is Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and President of the Security Council
  • nominates a candidate from the majority party or parties in the Assembly who then proposes the Government who are elected by the Assembly
  • makes diplomatic appointments and some judicial and Security Council appointments
  • grants decorations, honours and pardons[3]

The Government[edit]

The power of the President is fairly limited with all other executive power being vested in what the Constitution describes as the Government, i.e., the Prime Minister and Ministers.

Ministers:

  • cannot be Representatives in the Assembly
  • cannot hold any other public office or follow a profession while in office
  • are elected by a majority vote in the Assembly
  • are granted immun
  • cannot be called for service in the Armed Forces
  • propose laws, budget and regulations to be adopted by the Assembly
  • control diplomatic policy
  • make other state appointments[3]

Current Cabinet[edit]

The current cabinet is a coalition of SDSM, the Democratic Union for Integration, the Socialist Party of Macedonia, and the Party for the Movement of Turks in Macedonia.

The members of the Cabinet of the Republic of Macedonia are chosen by the Prime Minister and approved by the national Parliament, however certain cabinet level positions are chosen by both President and Prime Minister, and approved by the Parliament.

Member Portfolio Logo
Zoran Zaev Prime Minister
Dragan Tevdovski Deputy Prime Minister in charge of Finance
Musa Xhaferi Deputy Prime Minister in charge of Framework Agreement Implementation Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Vladimir Peševski Deputy Prime Minister in charge of Economic Affairs Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Dr. Fatmir Besimi Deputy Prime Minister in charge of European Integration Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Nikola Dimitrov Minister of Foreign Affairs Logo na MNR.svg
Radmila Sekerinska Minister of Defense
Oliver Spasovski Minister of Internal Affairs
Blerim Bexheti Minister of Justice Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Goran Sugareski Minister of Transport and Communication Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Valon Saracini Minister of Economy Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Ljupčo Nikoloski Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Watersupply Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Arben Taravari Minister of Health Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Renata Deskovska Minister of Education and Science Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Damjan Manncevski Minister of Information Society Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Nevzat Bejta Minister of Local Self-Government Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Robert Alagozovski Minister of Culture Logo na Ministerstvo za kultura.svg
Mila Carovska Minister of Labor and Social Policy Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Abdilaqim Ademi Minister of Environment and Physical Planning Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Bill Pavleski Minister for Attracting foreign investment Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Hadi Neziri Minister without Portfolio Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Nedžet Mustafa Minister without Portfolio Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Vele Samak Minister without Portfolio Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Dimitar Bogov Governor of the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia MK NBRM.png
Ljupco Shvrgovski Attorney General Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg
Metodija Velichkovski Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia MacedonianArmyLogo.svg
Zoran Jolevski Special Envoy and Chief Negotiator of the Macedonia name dispute Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia - grey.svg

Legislative branch[edit]

Coat of arms or logo
Logo of the Macedonian Assembly

The Assembly (Sobranie) has 120 members, elected for a four-year term, by proportional representation.

2016 election result[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
VMRO-DPMNE coalition 454,577 39.39 51 −10
Social Democratic Union coalition 436,981 37.87 49 +15
Democratic Union for Integration 86,796 7.52 10 −9
Besa Movement 57,868 5.01 5 New
"Alliance for the Albanians" coalition 35,121 3.04 3 New
Democratic Party of Albanians 30,964 2.68 2 −5
"VMRO for Macedonia" coalition 24,524 2.13 0 New
The Left 12,120 1.05 0 New
"CCJ–Third Block" coalition 10,028 0.87 0 New
Liberal Party 3,840 0.33 0 0
Party for Democratic Prosperity 1,143 0.10 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 37,870
Total 1,191,832 100 120 −3
Registered voters/turnout 1,784,416 66.79
Source: SEC

Judicial branch[edit]

Judiciary power is exercised by courts, with the court system being headed by the Judicial Supreme Court, Constitutional Court and the Republican Judicial Council. The assembly appoints the judges.

Administrative divisions[edit]

With the passage of a new law and elections held in 2005, local government functions are divided between 78 municipalities (општини, opštini; singular: општина, opština. The capital, Skopje, is governed as a group of ten municipalities collectively referred to as "the City of Skopje". Municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia are units of local self-government. Neighbouring municipalities may establish cooperative arrangements.

Ethnic diversity[edit]

The country's main political divergence is between the largely ethnically-based political parties representing the country's Macedonian majority and Albanian minority. The issue of the power balance between the two communities led to a brief war in 2001, following which a power-sharing agreement was reached. In August 2004, the Republic's parliament passed legislation redrawing local boundaries and giving greater local autonomy to ethnic Albanians in areas where they predominate.

Foreign relations[edit]

The Republic is member of the ACCT, BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

References[edit]