List of heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago

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Trinidad and Tobago

This is a list of the heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago, from the independence of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962 to the present day.

From 1962 to 1976 the head of state under the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 was the Queen of Trinidad and Tobago, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Trinidad and Tobago by a Governor-General. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic under the Constitution of 1976 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1962–1976)[edit]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister
Reign start Reign end
1 Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Portrait Herbert James Gunn.jpg 31 August 1962 1 August 1976 Windsor Williams


The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Trinidad and Tobago and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Trinidad and Tobago without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister
Took office Left office
1 Sir Solomon Hochoy
Sir Solomon Hochoy.jpg 31 August 1962 15 September 1972 Elizabeth II Williams
2 Sir Ellis Clarke
Sir Ellis Clarke.jpg 15 September 1972 1 August 1976 Elizabeth II Williams

President of Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Under the 1976 Constitution, the constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the President replaced the Monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of the Senate served as Acting President.

Portrait Tenure Elected Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Ellis Clarke
Sir Ellis Clarke.jpg 1 August 1976 28 January 1977 People's National Movement Williams
28 January 1977 13 March 1987
2 Noor Hassanali
No image.png 18 March 1987 17 March 1997 Robinson
3 A. N. R. Robinson
A. N. R. Robinson.jpg 17 March 1997 18 March 2003 Panday
4 George Maxwell Richards
Professor George Maxwell Richards 1 (cropped).jpg 18 March 2003 18 March 2013 Manning
5 Anthony Carmona
Anthony Carmona.jpg 18 March 2013 Incumbent Persad-Bissessar


Living former heads of state[edit]

There are two living former Trinidadian Heads of State:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Elizabeth II 1962–1976 Queen of Trinidad and Tobabgo (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 91)
Professor George Maxwell Richards 1.jpg George Maxwell Richards 2003–2013 President of Triniad and Tobago (1931-12-01) 1 December 1931 (age 85)


External links[edit]