Governor Charles Bent House

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Governor Charles Bent House
Governor Bent Museum, Taos.jpg
Governor Charles Bent House
Governor Charles Bent House is located in New Mexico
Governor Charles Bent House
Location 117 Bent Street, Taos, New Mexico
Coordinates 36°24′31″N 105°34′22″W / 36.40861°N 105.57278°W / 36.40861; -105.57278
Area 0.3 acres (0.12 ha)
Built 1830 (1830)
Architectural style Pueblo
NRHP Reference # 78001831[1]
NMSRCP # 50
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 16, 1978
Designated NMSRCP March 21, 1969

The Governor Bent House is the historic home of Governor Charles Bent who served as the first United States territorial governor of New Mexico.

Charles Bent[edit]

Main article: Charles Bent

In 1846 Charles Bent was appointed Governor of the territory of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War. An Anglo-American government rule was culture shock to the Native Americans who had lived in the land for many centuries and then coexisted with Hispanic people during Spanish colonization and then possession by Mexico. Protesting American's possession of the territory, an angry mob descended on his home in January, 1847 and killed Governor Bent, survived by his wife and children[2] who escaped through a hole in the adobe wall to the neighboring home.[3]

Prior to becoming Governor, Bent was a well respected trader who owned a number of wagon trains on the Santa Fe Trail and trading posts in Santa Fe and Taos.[2] Bent built Bent's Fort in Colorado with his brother William and Ceran St. Vrain. It was a famous trading center for Native Americans and early mountain men.[4] He traded with frontier mountain men, exchanging supplies for furs and buffalo hides.[2]

Museum[edit]

Located just north of the Taos Plaza[3] at 117 Bent Street, the Governor Bent House is a private museum open to the public.[2] Inside the museum are memorabilia and artifacts of the uprising. Within the house is the hole in the wall that allowed family members to escape.[5] The museum also has works of local artists.[4]

The building is Spanish Pueblo Revival / Hispanic Vernacular built about 1835 of adobe stucco over adobe bricks and wooden framed building. The building is on the State Register of Cultural Properties since 1969 and the National Register of Historic Places. The building is occupied by the museum, an art gallery and rental units.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Town of Taos Walking Tour" (PDF). Taos Vacation Guide. Taos Webb. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  3. ^ a b "The Museums of Taos, New Mexico". A Comprehensive Guide to Taos, New Mexico. Taos Unlimited. 2006–2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Governor Bent House and Museum". Northern New Mexico Telecommunity. La Plaza Telecommunity. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  5. ^ "Historic Sites". Taos Vacation Guide. Taos Webb. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  6. ^ John O. Baxter, Archivist. "Historic Cultural Properties Inventory Form" (PDF). State Records Center and Archives. Retrieved 2011-06-05.