Governor of Formosa
|Governor of Formosa
Gouverneur van Formosa
Flag of the Dutch East India Company
|Appointer||Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies|
|Inaugural holder||Marten Sonk|
The Governor of Formosa (Dutch: Gouverneur van Formosa; Chinese: 台灣長官) was the head of government during the Dutch colonial period in Taiwan, which lasted from 1624 to 1662. Appointed by the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies in Batavia (modern-day Jakarta, Indonesia), the Governor of Formosa was empowered to legislate, collect taxes, wage war and declare peace on behalf of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and therefore by extension the Dutch state.
List of Governors
There were a total of twelve Governors during the Dutch colonial era. The man sometimes claimed as the thirteenth, Harmen Klenck van Odessen, was appointed by VOC Governor-General Joan Maetsuycker only to arrive off the coast of Tayouan during the Siege of Fort Zeelandia. Klenck refused to go ashore to take up his post despite being urged to by Frederick Coyett, the incumbent Governor, and finally left without ever setting foot on Formosa.
|1||Martinus Sonck||1624 - 1625|
|2||Gerard Frederikszoon de With||1625 - 1627|
|3||Pieter Nuyts||1627 - 1629|
|4||Hans Putmans||1629 - 1636|
|5||Johan van der Burg||1636 - 1640|
|6||Paulus Traudenius||1640 - 1643|
|7||Maximilian le Maire||1643 - 1644|
|8||François Caron||1644 - 1646|
|9||Pieter Anthoniszoon Overtwater||1646 - 1649|
|10||Nicolas Verburg||1649 - 1653|
|11||Cornelis Caesar||1653 - 1656|
|12||Frederick Coyett||1656 - 1662|
|Harmen Klenck van Odessen|
- William Campbell (1903). Formosa under the Dutch: Described from Contemporary Records.
- Died in office.
- Appointed in 1661 but did not take office due to Koxinga's conquest of Formosa.