Governor of Formosa

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Governor of Formosa
Gouverneur van Formosa
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg
Residence Fort Zeelandia
Tayouan, Formosa
Appointer Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
Inaugural holder Marten Sonk
Formation 1624
Fort Zeelandia, residence of the Governors of Formosa, Taiwan.

The Governor of Formosa (Dutch: Gouverneur van Formosa; Chinese: 台灣長官) was the head of government during the Dutch colonial period in Taiwan, which lasted from 1624 to 1662. Appointed by the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies in Batavia (modern-day Jakarta, Indonesia), the Governor of Formosa was empowered to legislate, collect taxes, wage war and declare peace on behalf of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and therefore by extension the Dutch state.

The Governor's residence was in Fort Zeelandia on Tayouan.

List of Governors[edit]

There were a total of twelve Governors during the Dutch colonial era.[1] The man sometimes claimed as the thirteenth, Harmen Klenck van Odessen, was appointed by VOC Governor-General Joan Maetsuycker only to arrive off the coast of Tayouan during the Siege of Fort Zeelandia. Klenck refused to go ashore to take up his post despite being urged to by Frederick Coyett, the incumbent Governor, and finally left without ever setting foot on Formosa.[1]

Portrait Name Term
1 Martinus Sonck 1624 - 1625[2]
2 Gerard Frederikszoon de With 1625 - 1627
3 Pieter Nuyts in 1629.jpg Pieter Nuyts 1627 - 1629
4 Hans Putmans 1629 - 1636
5 Johan van der Burg 1636 - 1640[2]
6 Paulus Traudenius 1640 - 1643
7 Maximilian le Maire 1643 - 1644
8 François Caron 1644 - 1646
9 Overtwater.jpg Pieter Anthoniszoon Overtwater 1646 - 1649
10 Nicolas Verburg 1649 - 1653
11 Cornelis Caesar 1653 - 1656
12 Frederick Coyett.jpg Frederick Coyett 1656 - 1662
13 Harmen Klenck van Odessen[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b William Campbell (1903). Formosa under the Dutch: Described from Contemporary Records. 
  2. ^ a b Died in office.
  3. ^ Appointed in 1661 but did not take office due to Koxinga's conquest of Formosa.