List of Governors of Malta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Governor of Malta)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Governor of Malta
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Coat of Arms of the Governor of Malta
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceGrandmaster's Palace in Valletta
AppointerKing/Queen of the United Kingdom
PrecursorCivil Commissioner of Malta
Formation23 July 1813
First holderSir Thomas Maitland
Final holderSir Maurice Dorman
Abolished21 September 1964
SuccessionGovernor-General of Malta

The Governor of Malta (Maltese: Gvernatur ta' Malta) was an official who ruled Malta during the British colonial period between 1813 and 1964. This office replaced that of the Civil Commissioner. Upon the end of British rule and the creation of the State of Malta in 1964, this office was replaced by the Governor-General, who represented the British Monarch and not the Government of the United Kingdom as did the Governor. The office of Governor-General was itself abolished in 1974 and replaced by the post of President when Malta became a Republic.

The Governor[edit]

The Governor, appointed by the British monarch (on the advice of the prime minister), maintained executive power in Malta throughout British rule. He was head of the executive council and the pre-independence government of Malta.

The Governor was the most powerful official in Malta.

The Governor was initially supported by a Lieutenant-Governor. For example, from ca.1813 to ca.1820, Major-General Sir William Hutchinson served as Lieutenant Governor[1]. After the death of the Marquess of Hastings in 1826, the British government decided to downgrade the post of Governor to Lieutenant-Governor, with a reduced allowance. Sir Frederick Ponsonby was formally designated Lieutenant-Governor and Commander of the Malta Garrison[2].

List of Governors (1801–1964)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office
Lieutenant-General
Sir Thomas Maitland
(1759–1824)
Maitland and Louverture.jpg 23 July 1813 17 January 1824
General
The 1st Marquess of Hastings
(1754–1826)
Lord Moira.jpg 22 March 1824 28 November 1826
Major-General
Alexander George Woodford
(1782–1870)
Acting Governor
Alexander Woodford.png 28 November 1826 15 February 1827
Major-General
Sir Frederick Cavendish Ponsonby
(1783–1837)
Major-General Sir Frederick Cavendish Ponsonby (1783-1837).jpg 15 February 1827 May 1835
De jure until 30 September 1836
George Cardew
(1785–1857)
Acting Governor
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg May 1835 4 July 1836
Lieutenant-General
Sir Thomas Evans
(1776–1863)
Acting Governor
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 4 July 1836 30 September 1836
Lieutenant-General
Sir Henry Bouverie
(1783–1853)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1 October 1836 1843
General
Sir Patrick Stuart
(1777–1855)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1843 October 1847
Richard More O'Ferrall
(1797–1880)
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg October 1847 13 May 1851
General
Robert Ellice
(1784–1856)
Acting Governor
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 13 May 1851 27 October 1851
Major-General
Sir William Reid
(1791–1858)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 27 October 1851 1858
Lieutenant-General
Sir John Le Marchant
(1803–1874)
SirGaspardLeMarchant,LtGovOfNovaScotia.jpg 1858 15 November 1864
Lieutenant-General
Sir Henry Knight Storks
(1811–1874)
Henry Knight Storks, Vanity Fair, 1870-12-24.jpg 15 November 1864 15 May 1867
General
Sir Patrick Grant
(1804–1895)
Patrick Grant.jpg 15 May 1867 3 June 1872
General
Sir Charles van Straubenzee
(1812–1892)
Sir Charles Thomas van Straubenzee.jpg 3 June 1872 13 May 1878
General
Sir Arthur Borton
(1814–1893)
General Sir Arthur Borton.jpg 10 June 1878 April 1884
General
Sir Lintorn Simmons
(1821–1903)
SirJohnLintonSimmons.jpg April 1884 28 September 1888
Lieutenant-General
Sir Henry Torrens
(1823–1889)
Felice Beato (British, born Italy) - (Lieutenant-Colonel Torrens) - Google Art Project.jpg 28 September 1888 1 December 1889
General
Sir Henry Augustus Smyth
(1825–1906)
HenryAugustusSmyth.jpg 1890 1893
General
Sir Arthur Lyon Fremantle
(1835–1901)
Arthur Fremantle.jpg 1893 6 January 1899
General
Sir Francis Grenfell (The 1st Baron Grenfell from July 1902)
(1841–1925)
Francis Wallace Grenfell.jpg 6 January 1899 1903
General
Sir Charles Clarke,
3rd Bt.
(1839–1932)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1898–1943).svg 1903 1907
General
Sir Henry Grant
(1848–1919)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1898–1943).svg 1907 1909
General
Sir Leslie Rundle
(1856–1934)
Leslierundle.jpg 1909 February 1915
Field Marshal
The 3rd Baron Methuen
(1845–1932)
Paul Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen.png February 1915 May 1919
Field Marshal
The 1st Baron Plumer
(1857–1932)
Gen sir herbert plumer.jpg 1919 1924
General
Sir Walter Norris Congreve
(1862–1927)
LtGen W N Congreve.jpg 29 June 1924 28 February 1927
General
Sir John Philip Du Cane
(1865–1947)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1898–1943).svg 28 February 1927 1931
General
Sir David Campbell
(1869–1936)
Davidcampbell.jpg June 1931 12 March 1936
General
Sir Charles Bonham-Carter
(1876–1955)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1898–1943).svg 12 March 1936 1940
Lieutenant-General
Sir William Dobbie
(1879–1964)
Sir William George Shedden Dobbie.jpg April 1940 May 1942
Field Marshal
The 6th Viscount Gort
(1886–1946)
Lord Gort and Lieutenant General Pownall cropped.jpg May 1942 26 September 1944
Lieutenant-General
Sir Edmond Schreiber
(1890–1978)
Sir-Edmond-Charles-Acton-Schreiber.jpg 26 September 1944 10 July 1946
Sir Francis Douglas
(1889–1980)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1943–1964).svg 10 July 1946 16 September 1949
Sir Gerald Creasy
(1897–1983)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1943–1964).svg 16 September 1949 3 August 1954
Major-General
Sir Robert Laycock
(1907–1968)
INF3-77 pt9 General R E Laycock.jpg 3 August 1954 13 February 1959
Admiral
Sir Guy Grantham
(1900–1992)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1943–1964).svg 13 February 1959 2 July 1962
Sir Maurice Dorman
(1902–1993)
Flag of the Governor of Malta (1943–1964).svg 2 July 1962 21 September 1964

Lieutenant Governors of Malta[edit]

Public Secretary
  • Arthur Baynes 1801
  • Alexander Macauley 1801
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge 1804–1805
  • E.F. Chapman 1805
  • Rev. Francis Laing 1811–1813
Chief Secretary
  • Rev. Francis Laing 1813–1815
  • Alexander Wood 1815–1817
  • Richard Plasket 1817–1824
  • Sir Frederick Hankey 1824–1837
  • Sir Hector Greig 1837–1847
  • Henry Lushington 1847–1855
  • Sir Victor Houlton 1855–1883
  • Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson 1883–1884
Lieutenant Governor
Chief Secretary

Flag of the Governor[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bulletins of State Intelligence, Etc., 1820, p.203. London, UK: R.G. Clarke
  2. ^ Malta Government Gazette 1826