Governor of North Carolina
|Governor of North Carolina|
|Residence||North Carolina Executive Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, can succeed self once; eligible again after 4-year respite|
|Inaugural holder||Richard Caswell|
The Governor of North Carolina is the head of the executive branch of North Carolina's state government and serves as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The current governor, Pat McCrory, lost his bid for re-election in 2016. Roy Cooper will take office as the state's 75th governor on January 7, 2017.
Among other responsibilities, the governor heads the Council of State. The Governor of North Carolina was the last state chief executive to receive veto power; the Governor did not have this power until 1996. The Governor of North Carolina has extensive powers of appointment of executive branch officials, some judges, and members of boards and commissions. Nevertheless, the office has a lower-than-average amount of institutional power compared to governors in other states, according to a 2007 study.
Originally, under the first North Carolina Constitution, the office was very weak, and was elected by the legislature (the North Carolina General Assembly) for a one-year term. Edward B. Dudley became the first governor elected by the people in 1836. Governors served two-year terms from 1836 until a new constitution was adopted in 1868; since then, all governors are elected for four-year terms.
Well into the twentieth century, the North Carolina state constitution made the state's governor one of the weakest in the nation. Until an amendment was added to the state constitution in 1971, North Carolina Governors could only serve a single four-year term and could not run for re-election. After the amendment was passed, in 1980 James B. Hunt became the first governor in state history to be re-elected to a second term. Governors are still limited to only two consecutive four-year terms, but they may run for further non-consecutive terms. Governor Hunt did just that, winning election to a third and fourth term in 1992 and 1996 after being out of the office for the eight years between 1984 and 1992. The Lieutenant Governor is also limited to two consecutive four-year terms. North Carolina was also the last state in the Union to give its governors veto power over legislation, this was not added to the state constitution until a referendum in 1996. Much of North Carolina's traditional resistance to strong executive power came from the harsh treatment the state suffered from British Royal Governors in the colonial period before the American Revolution. After the state gained its independence from Britain, the state constitution deliberately weakened the executive branch of state government and strengthened the legislative branch. Since the end of Reconstruction in the 1870s the overwhelming majority of the state's governors have been Democrats. The only Republican to be elected Governor between 1876 and 1972 was Daniel L. Russell, who served 1897–1901. As Republican strength grew in North Carolina in the 1950s and 1960s the state's gubernatorial elections became increasingly competitive, and in 1972 James Holshouser became the state's first Republican governor of the twentieth century. Even so, Republicans have still had difficulty in winning gubernatorial elections in North Carolina, and the office has usually remained in Democratic hands.
The Governor lives in the North Carolina Executive Mansion, a Queen Anne style Victorian house in downtown Raleigh, which was completed in 1891. His or her principal office is located in the North Carolina State Capitol.
List of Governors, 1776–present
- North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2012
- North Carolina gubernatorial election, 2016
- North Carolina Democratic Party
- North Carolina Republican Party
- List of Governors of North Carolina
- Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina
- "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Charlotte Observer column by Jack Betts, September 2007
- State Capitol / Visitor Services: North Carolina Office of Archives & History
- Son of a previous governor, Samuel Ashe; elected by the legislature, but died before taking office.