List of Governors of Singapore

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The Governors of Singapore were the political leaders of Singapore during its pre-independence phase in the history of Singapore.[1]

Residents of Singapore (1819–1826)[edit]

The Residents and Commandants of Singapore ruled the British colony that is today the Republic of Singapore. The men that held this position governed Singapore from 1819 to 1826, on behalf of the British East India Company.

# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office Duration
1 Portrait of William Farquhar (c. 1830).jpg Maj-Gen. William Farquhar
(1774–1839)
6 February 1819 1 May 1823 4 years, 2 months George III
George IV
2 John Crawfurd.jpg Dr. John Crawfurd
(1783–1868)
27 May 1823 15 August 1826 3 years, 2 months

Governors of the Straits Settlements (1826–1942)[edit]

Flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements (1867–1946)

The Governors of the Straits Settlements ruled the Straits Settlements. The men that held this position governed the Straits Settlements from 1826 to 1946, on behalf of the British East India Company (until 1858), the India Office (until 1867) and the Colonial Office (until 1946).

In the absence of the governor, the chief secretary immediately became the acting governor of the Straits Settlements. The chief secretaries were historically drawn from the Colonial Office or British military.

# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office Duration
1 Robert fullerton.jpg Robert Fullerton
(1773–1831)
27 November 1826 12 November 1830 3 years, 11 months George IV
William IV
2 Robert Ibbetson.jpg Robert Ibbetson
(1789–1880)
12 November 1830 7 December 1833 3 years, 25 days
3 No image.svg Kenneth Murchison
(1794–1854)
7 December 1833 17 November 1836 2 years, 11 months
4 Sir samuel george bonham.gif Sir Samuel George Bonham
(1803–1863)
18 November 1836 January 1843 6 years, 1 month William IV
Queen Victoria
Ruled directly from the British East India Company
From January to August 1843.
Queen Victoria
5 William John Butterworth.jpg Major General William John Butterworth
(1801–1856)
August 1843 21 March 1855 ~ 11 years, 9 months
6 No image.svg Edmund Augustus Blundell
(1804–1868)
21 March 1855 6 August 1859 4 years, 4 months
7 Sir Orfeur Cavenagh.jpg Major General Sir Orfeur Cavenagh
(1820–1891)
6 August 1859 16 March 1867 7 years, 7 months
8 HarryStGeorgeOrd-1867-1873.jpg Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
16 March 1867 4 November 1873 6 years, 7 months
9 Sir Andrew Clarke (1873) by G R Lambert.jpg Sir Andrew Clarke
(1824–1902)
4 November 1873 8 May 1875 1 year, 6 months
10 William Jervois.jpg Sir William Jervois
(1821–1897)
8 May 1875 3 April 1877 1 year, 10 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
3 April 1877 August 1877 ~ 4 months
11 Williamrobinson.jpg Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson
(1834–1897)
August 1877 10 February 1879 ~ 1 year, 5 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
10 February 1879 16 May 1880 1 year, 3 months
12 Frederick Weld.jpg Sir Frederick Weld
(1823–1891)
16 May 1880 17 October 1887 7 years, 5 months
13 Cecil Clementi Smith.jpg Sir Cecil Clementi Smith
(1840–1916)
17 October 1887 30 August 1893 5 years, 10 months
Sir-William-Edward-Maxwell-1.jpg William Edward Maxwell
(1846–1897)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
30 August 1893 1 February 1894 5 months
14 Charles Mitchell.jpg Sir Charles Mitchell
(1836–1899)
(Died while in office)
1 February 1894 7 December 1899 5 years, 10 months
James Alexander Swettenham.jpg James Alexander Swettenham
(1846–1933)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
7 December 1899 5 November 1901 1 year, 10 months Queen Victoria
Edward VII
15 Sir Frank Swettenham by John Singer Sargent 1904.jpg Sir Frank Swettenham
(1850–1946)
5 November 1901 16 April 1904 2 years, 5 months Edward VII
16 Sir john anderson.gif Sir John Anderson
(1858–1918)
16 April 1904 2 September 1911 7 years, 4 months Edward VII
George V
17 Sir Arthur Henderson Young.png Sir Arthur Young
(1854–1938)
2 September 1911 17 February 1920 8 years, 5 months George V
18 Sir Laurence Guillemard.png Sir Laurence Guillemard
(1862–1951)
17 February 1920 3 June 1927 7 years, 3 months
19 Hugh Charles Clifford (The Straits Times, 15 October 1929).jpg Sir Hugh Clifford
(1866–1941)
3 June 1927 5 February 1930 2 years, 8 months
20 SIRCECILCLEMENTIHKU.jpg Sir Cecil Clementi
(1875–1947)
5 February 1930 9 November 1934 4 years, 9 months
21 Sir Thomas Shenton Whitelegge Thomas.png Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
9 November 1934 15 February 1942 7 years, 3 months George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Japanese occupation of Singapore
From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.

Japanese Occupation (1942 to 1945)[edit]

During the Japanese occupation of Singapore, there were 2 mayors appointed to Syonan-to.[2]

# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office Duration
1 Odachi Shigeo.jpg Shigeo Odate
(1892–1955)
7 March 1942 8 July 1943 1 year, 4 months Emperor Shōwa
2 No image.svg Kanichi Naito 19 July 1943
[2]
12 September 1945 2 years, 1 month
End of Japanese occupation of Singapore


# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office
Japanese Military Administrators
From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.
Emperor Shōwa
Yamashita.jpg Tomoyuki Yamashita
(1888–1946)
15 February 1942 1943
Hisaichi Terauchi.jpg Hisaichi Terauchi
(1879–1946)
1943 1944
Doihara Kenji.jpg Doihara Kenji
(1883–1948)
1944 1945
Seishirō Itagaki.jpg Seishiro Itagaki
(1885–1948)
1944 12 September 1945
End of Japanese occupation of Singapore

Governors of the Straits Settlements (1945–1946)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office Duration
British Military Administration of the Straits Settlements
From 12 September 1945 to 1 April 1946.
George VI
Mountbatten.jpg Lord Louis Mountbatten
(1900–1979)
(British High Command)
12 September 1945 1 April 1946 6 months
Continuation of the Governor of the Straits Settlements
21 Sir Thomas Shenton Whitelegge Thomas.png Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
12 September 1945 1 April 1946 6 months
Singapore became a separate Crown Colony

Governors of Singapore (1946–1959)[edit]

Flag of the Governor of Singapore (1946–1963)

The Governors of Singapore ruled Singapore. The men that held this position governed the Crown Colony of Singapore from 1946 to 1959, on behalf of the Colonial Office until Singapore gained self-governance in 1959 in where the Office of the Governor was abolished.

# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office Duration
1 Frank Gimson.jpg Sir Franklin Charles Gimson
(1890–1975)
1 April 1946 20 March 1952 5 years, 11 months George VI
Queen Elizabeth II
No image.svg Wilfred Lawson Blythe
(1896 – 1975)
(Acting Governor of Singapore)
20 March 1952 21 April 1952 1 month Queen Elizabeth II
2 John Fearns Nicoll2.jpg Sir John Fearns Nicoll
(1899–1981)
21 April 1952 2 June 1955 3 years, 1 month
William Allmond Codrington Goode.jpg William Allmond Codrington Goode
(1907–1986)
(Acting Governor of Singapore)
2 June 1955 30 June 1955 28 days
3 No image.svg Sir Robert Brown Black
(1906–1999)
30 June 1955 9 December 1957 2 years, 5 months
4 William Allmond Codrington Goode.jpg Sir William Allmond Codrington Goode
(1907–1986)
9 December 1957 3 June 1959 1 year, 5 months
Singapore granted self-governance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Past and present leaders of Singapore". Singapore National Library Board.
  2. ^ a b "Kanichi Naito Named Mayor Of Syonan". Syonan Shimbun. 20 July 1943. p. 1.