List of governors of the Straits Settlements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements (1867–1946)

The Governor of the Straits Settlements was appointed by the British East India Company until 1867, when the Straits Settlements became a crown colony. Thereafter the Governor was appointed by the Colonial Office. The position existed from 1826 to 1946. Between 1942 and 1945 the office was not filled, as the Straits Settlements was then under Japanese occupation. From the late 19th century onward, the Governor of the Straits Settlements was usually also British High Commissioner in Malaya and Brunei and British Agent for Sarawak and British North Borneo.[1]

List of British Governors (1826–1946)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Monarch
Took office Left office Duration
1 Robert fullerton.jpg Robert Fullerton
(1773–1831)
27 November 1826 12 November 1830 3 years, 11 months George IV
William IV
2 Robert Ibbetson.jpg Robert Ibbetson
(1789–1880)
12 November 1830 7 December 1833 3 years, 25 days
3 No image.svg Kenneth Murchison
(1794–1854)
7 December 1833 17 November 1836 2 years, 11 months
4 Sir samuel george bonham.gif Sir Samuel George Bonham
(1803–1863)
18 November 1836 January 1843 6 years, 1 month William IV
Queen Victoria
Ruled directly from the British East India Company
From January to August 1843.
Queen Victoria
5 William John Butterworth.jpg Major General William John Butterworth
(1801–1856)
August 1843 21 March 1855 ~ 11 years, 9 months
6 No image.svg Edmund Augustus Blundell
(1804–1868)
21 March 1855 6 August 1859 4 years, 4 months
7 Sir Orfeur Cavenagh.jpg Major General Sir Orfeur Cavenagh
(1820–1891)
6 August 1859 16 March 1867 7 years, 7 months
8 HarryStGeorgeOrd-1867-1873.jpg Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord
(1819–1885)
16 March 1867 4 November 1873 6 years, 7 months
9 Sir Andrew Clarke (1873) by G R Lambert.jpg Sir Andrew Clarke
(1824–1902)
4 November 1873 8 May 1875 1 year, 6 months
10 William Jervois.jpg Sir William Jervois
(1821–1897)
8 May 1875 3 April 1877 1 year, 10 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
3 April 1877 August 1877 ~ 4 months
11 Williamrobinson.jpg Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson
(1834–1897)
August 1877 10 February 1879 ~ 1 year, 5 months
Archibald Edward Harbord Anson.jpg Major General Edward Archibald Harbord Anson
(1826–1925)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
10 February 1879 16 May 1880 1 year, 3 months
12 Frederick Weld.jpg Sir Frederick Weld
(1823–1891)
16 May 1880 17 October 1887 7 years, 5 months
13 Cecil Clementi Smith.jpg Sir Cecil Clementi Smith
(1840–1916)
17 October 1887 30 August 1893 5 years, 10 months
Sir-William-Edward-Maxwell-1.jpg William Edward Maxwell
(1846–1897)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
30 August 1893 1 February 1894 5 months
14 Charles Mitchell.jpg Sir Charles Mitchell
(1836–1899)
(Died while in office)
1 February 1894 7 December 1899 5 years, 10 months
James Alexander Swettenham.jpg James Alexander Swettenham
(1846–1933)
(Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements)
7 December 1899 5 November 1901 1 year, 10 months Queen Victoria
Edward VII
15 Sir Frank Swettenham by John Singer Sargent 1904.jpg Sir Frank Swettenham
(1850–1946)
5 November 1901 16 April 1904 2 years, 5 months Edward VII
16 Sir john anderson.gif Sir John Anderson
(1858–1918)
16 April 1904 2 September 1911 7 years, 4 months Edward VII
George V
17 Sir Arthur Henderson Young.png Sir Arthur Young
(1854–1938)
2 September 1911 17 February 1920 8 years, 5 months George V
18 Sir Laurence Guillemard.png Sir Laurence Guillemard
(1862–1951)
17 February 1920 3 June 1927 7 years, 3 months
19 Hugh Charles Clifford (The Straits Times, 15 October 1929).jpg Sir Hugh Clifford
(1866–1941)
3 June 1927 5 February 1930 2 years, 8 months
20 SIRCECILCLEMENTIHKU.jpg Sir Cecil Clementi
(1875–1947)
5 February 1930 9 November 1934 4 years, 9 months
21 Sir Thomas Shenton Whitelegge Thomas.png Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
9 November 1934 15 February 1942 7 years, 3 months George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Japanese Occupation of the Straits Settlements
From 15 February 1942 to 12 September 1945.
British Military Administration of the Straits Settlements
From 12 September 1945 to 1 April 1946.
George VI
Mountbatten.jpg Lord Louis Mountbatten
(1900–1979)
(British High Command)
12 September 1945 1 April 1946 6 months
Continuation of the Governor of the Straits Settlements
21 Sir Thomas Shenton Whitelegge Thomas.png Sir Shenton Thomas
(1879–1962)
12 September 1945 1 April 1946 6 months
Singapore became a separate Crown Colony

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Past and present leaders of Singapore". Singapore National Library Board.