Governors' Cup

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Governors' Cup
Governors' Cup-International League.jpg
Replica Governors' Cup
SportBaseball
Given forWinning the International League championship
History
First award1933
Editions86
First winnerBuffalo Bisons
Most winsColumbus Clippers (10)
Rochester Red Wings (10)
Most recentDurham Bulls (2018)

The Governors' Cup is the trophy awarded each year to the champion of the International League, one of the two current Triple-A level minor leagues of Major League Baseball. It was first awarded in 1933 to the winner of a new postseason playoff system. The champions from the International League's creation in 1884 until 1932 were simply the regular season pennant winners.

History[edit]

Frank Shaughnessy, general manager of the International League's Montreal Royals, was interested in developing a way for more than two clubs to share in the excitement of postseason play. His new playoff format, devised to maintain the interest of fans and players alike during the Depression era, provided an opportunity for four teams to compete for the league's championship. In 1933, he introduced his plan to league president Charles H. Knappe, and the Governors' Cup was born. Several other leagues, including the Pacific Coast League, noticed the success of the "Shaughnessy Plan" and began using the system as well.[1]

In response to the new playoff format, the governors of Maryland, New Jersey, and New York and the lieutenant governors of the provinces of Quebec and Ontario sponsored a trophy to be awarded annually to the winner of the International League playoffs. The original trophy, designed by the supervisor of International League umpires and silversmith W. B. Carpenter, was created out of solid silver and has been appraised at over $3,000.[1]

In 1988, International League president Harold Cooper donated the trophy to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, where it is on permanent display. A new trophy of the same name was minted in its place and is presented annually to the winner of the Governors' Cup Championship Series.[1]

The replica trophy was smashed while in possession of the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees by an attendee of a game from northeastern Pennsylvania on August 27, 2009.[2]

Championship wins by team[edit]

Active International League teams appear in bold.

Wins Team Championship years
10 Columbus Clippers 1979, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1996, 2010, 2011, 2015
10 Rochester Red Wings 1939, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1971, 1974, 1988, 1990, 1997
8 Syracuse Chiefs (Syracuse Mets) 1935, 1942, 1943, 1947, 1954, 1969, 1970, 1976
7 Montreal Royals 1941, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1958
6 Buffalo Bisons 1933, 1936, 1957, 1961, 1998, 2004
6 Durham Bulls 2002, 2003, 2009, 2013, 2017, 2018
5 Richmond Braves (Gwinnett Stripers) 1978, 1986, 1989, 1994, 2007
5 Tidewater Tides (Norfolk Tides) 1972, 1975, 1982, 1983, 1985
4 Newark Bears 1937, 1938, 1940, 1945
4 Pawtucket Red Sox 1973, 1984, 2012, 2014
4 Toronto Maple Leafs 1934, 1960, 1965, 1966
3 Toledo Mud Hens 1967, 2005, 2006
2 Baltimore Orioles 1944, 1950
2 Charlotte Knights 1993, 1999
2 Indianapolis Indians 1963, 2000
2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees/RailRiders 2008, 2016
1 Atlanta Crackers 1962
1 Charleston Charlies 1977
1 Havana Sugar Kings 1959
1 Jacksonville Suns 1968
1 Louisville RiverBats (Louisville Bats) 2001
1 Ottawa Lynx 1995

Champions[edit]

Key
* Indicates pennant winner[a]
Year Champion Manager Runner-Up Other Playoff Teams
1933 Buffalo Bisons Ray Schalk Rochester Red Wings Baltimore Orioles & Newark Bears
1934 Toronto Maple Leafs Ike Boone Rochester Red Wings Albany Senators & Newark Bears
1935 Syracuse Chiefs Nemo Leibold Montreal Royals Buffalo Bisons & Newark Bears
1936 Buffalo Bisons* Ray Schalk Baltimore Orioles Newark Bears & Rochester Red Wings
1937 Newark Bears* Ossie Vitt Baltimore Orioles Montreal Royals & Syracuse Chiefs
1938 Newark Bears* Johnny Neun Buffalo Bisons Rochester Red Wings & Syracuse Chiefs
1939 Rochester Red Wings Billy Southworth Newark Bears Buffalo Bisons & Jersey City Giants
1940 Buffalo Bisons Johnny Neun Baltimore Orioles Jersey City Giants & Rochester Red Wings
1941 Montreal Royals Clyde Sukeforth Newark Bears Buffalo Bisons & Rochester Red Wings
1942 Syracuse Chiefs Jewel Ens Jersey City Giants Montreal Royals & Newark Bears
1943 Syracuse Chiefs Jewel Ens Toronto Maple Leafs Montreal Royals & Newark Bears
1944 Baltimore Orioles* Tommy Thomas Newark Bears Buffalo Bisons & Toronto Maple Leafs
1945 Newark Bears Billy Meyer Montreal Royals Baltimore Orioles & Toronto Maple Leafs
1946 Montreal Royals* Clay Hopper Syracuse Chiefs Baltimore Orioles & Newark Bears
1947 Syracuse Chiefs Jewel Ens Buffalo Bisons Jersey City Giants & Montreal Royals
1948 Montreal Royals* Clay Hopper Syracuse Chiefs Newark Bears & Rochester Red Wings
1949 Montreal Royals Clay Hopper Buffalo Bisons Jersey City Giants & Rochester Red Wings
1950 Baltimore Orioles Nick Cullop Rochester Red Wings Jersey City Giants & Montreal Royals
1951 Montreal Royals* Walter Alston Syracuse Chiefs Buffalo Bisons & Rochester Red Wings
1952 Rochester Red Wings Harry Walker Montreal Royals Syracuse Chiefs & Toronto Maple Leafs
1953 Montreal Royals Walter Alston Rochester Red Wings Baltimore Orioles & Buffalo Bisons
1954 Syracuse Chiefs Skeeter Newsome Montreal Royals Rochester Red Wings & Toronto Maple Leafs
1955 Rochester Red Wings Dixie Walker Toronto Maple Leafs Havana Sugar Kings & Montreal Royals
1956 Rochester Red Wings Dixie Walker Toronto Maple Leafs Miami Marlins & Montreal Royals
1957 Buffalo Bisons Phil Cavarretta Miami Marlins Richmond Virginians & Toronto Maple Leafs
1958 Montreal Royals* Clay Bryant Toronto Maple Leafs Columbus Jets & Rochester Red Wings
1959 Havana Sugar Kings Preston Gómez Richmond Virginians Buffalo Bisons & Columbus Jets
1960 Toronto Maple Leafs* Mel McGaha Rochester Red Wings Buffalo Bisons & Richmond Virginians
1961 Buffalo Bisons Kerby Farrell Rochester Red Wings Charleston Marlins & Columbus Jets
1962 Atlanta Crackers Joe Schultz Jr. Jacksonville Suns Rochester Red Wings & Toronto Maple Leafs
1963 Indianapolis Indians* Rollie Hemsley Atlanta Crackers Syracuse Chiefs & Toronto Maple Leafs
1964 Rochester Red Wings Darrell Johnson Syracuse Chiefs Buffalo Bisons & Jacksonville Suns
1965 Toronto Maple Leafs Dick Williams Columbus Jets Atlanta Crackers & Syracuse Chiefs
1966 Toronto Maple Leafs Dick Williams Richmond Braves Columbus Jets & Rochester Red Wings
1967 Toledo Mud Hens Jack Tighe Columbus Jets Richmond Braves & Rochester Red Wings
1968 Jacksonville Suns Clyde McCullough Columbus Jets Rochester Red Wings & Toledo Mud Hens
1969 Syracuse Chiefs Frank Verdi Columbus Jets Louisville Colonels & Tidewater Tides
1970 Syracuse Chiefs* Frank Verdi Columbus Jets Rochester Red Wings & Tidewater Tides
1971 Rochester Red Wings* Joe Altobelli Tidewater Tides Charleston Charlies & Syracuse Chiefs
1972 Tidewater Tides Hank Bauer Louisville Colonels Charleston Charlies & Rochester Red Wings
1973 Pawtucket Red Sox Darrell Johnson Charleston Charlies Rochester Red Wings & Tidewater Tides
1974 Rochester Red Wings* Joe Altobelli Syracuse Chiefs Memphis Blues & Richmond Braves
1975 Tidewater Tides* Joe Frazier Syracuse Chiefs Charleston Charlies & Rochester Red Wings
1976 Syracuse Chiefs Bobby Cox Richmond Braves Memphis Blues & Rochester Red Wings
1977 Charleston Charlies Jim Beauchamp Pawtucket Red Sox Richmond Braves & Tidewater Tides
1978 Richmond Braves Tommie Aaron Pawtucket Red Sox Charleston Charlies & Toledo Mud Hens
1979 Columbus Clippers* Gene Michael Syracuse Chiefs Richmond Braves & Tidewater Tides
1980 Columbus Clippers* Joe Altobelli Toledo Mud Hens Richmond Braves & Rochester Red Wings
1981 Columbus Clippers* Frank Verdi Richmond Braves Rochester Red Wings & Tidewater Tides
1982 Tidewater Tides Jack Aker Rochester Red Wings Columbus Clippers & Richmond Braves
1983 Tidewater Tides Davey Johnson Richmond Braves Charleston Charlies & Columbus Clippers
1984 Pawtucket Red Sox Tony Torchia Maine Guides Columbus Clippers & Toledo Mud Hens
1985 Tidewater Tides Bob Schafer Columbus Clippers Maine Guides & Syracuse Chiefs
1986 Richmond Braves* Roy Majtyka Rochester Red Wings Pawtucket Red Sox & Tidewater Tides
1987 Columbus Clippers Bucky Dent Tidewater Tides Pawtucket Red Sox & Rochester Red Wings
1988 Rochester Red Wings* Johnny Oates Tidewater Tides
1989 Richmond Braves* Jim Beauchamp Syracuse Chiefs
1990 Rochester Red Wings* Greg Biagini Columbus Clippers
1991 Columbus Clippers* Rick Down Pawtucket Red Sox
1992 Columbus Clippers* Rick Down Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons Pawtucket Red Sox & Richmond Braves
1993 Charlotte Knights* Charlie Manuel Rochester Red Wings Ottawa Lynx & Richmond Braves
1994 Richmond Braves* Grady Little Syracuse Chiefs Charlotte Knights & Pawtucket Red Sox
1995 Ottawa Lynx* Pete Mackanin Norfolk Tides Richmond Braves & Rochester Red Wings
1996 Columbus Clippers* Stump Merrill Rochester Red Wings Norfolk Tides & Pawtucket Red Sox
1997 Rochester Red Wings* Marv Foley Columbus Clippers Charlotte Knights & Pawtucket Red Sox
1998 Buffalo Bisons* Jeff Datz Durham Bulls Louisville Redbirds & Syracuse SkyChiefs
1999 Charlotte Knights* Tom Spencer Durham Bulls Columbus Clippers & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons
2000 Indianapolis Indians* Steve Smith Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons Buffalo Bisons & Durham Bulls
2001[b] Louisville RiverBats* Dave Miley Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons Buffalo Bisons & Norfolk Tides
2002 Durham Bulls* Bill Evers Buffalo Bisons Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons & Toledo Mud Hens
2003 Durham Bulls* Bill Evers Pawtucket Red Sox Louisville Bats & Ottawa Lynx
2004 Buffalo Bisons* Marty Brown Richmond Braves Columbus Clippers & Durham Bulls
2005 Toledo Mud Hens* Larry Parrish Indianapolis Indians Buffalo Bisons & Norfolk Tides
2006 Toledo Mud Hens* Larry Parrish Rochester Red Wings Charlotte Knights & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons
2007 Richmond Braves* Dave Brundage Durham Bulls Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees & Toledo Mud Hens
2008 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees* Dave Miley Durham Bulls Louisville Bats & Pawtucket Red Sox
2009 Durham Bulls* Charlie Montoyo Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees Gwinnett Braves & Louisville Bats
2010 Columbus Clippers* Mike Sarbaugh Durham Bulls Louisville Bats & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees
2011 Columbus Clippers* Mike Sarbaugh Lehigh Valley IronPigs Durham Bulls & Pawtucket Red Sox
2012 Pawtucket Red Sox* Arnie Beyeler Charlotte Knights Indianapolis Indians & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees
2013 Durham Bulls* Charlie Montoyo Pawtucket Red Sox Indianapolis Indians & Rochester Red Wings
2014 Pawtucket Red Sox* Kevin Boles Durham Bulls Columbus Clippers & Syracuse Chiefs
2015 Columbus Clippers* Chris Tremie Indianapolis Indians Norfolk Tides & Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders
2016 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders* Al Pedrique Gwinnett Braves Columbus Clippers & Lehigh Valley IronPigs
2017 Durham Bulls* Jared Sandberg Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders Indianapolis Indians & Lehigh Valley IronPigs
2018 Durham Bulls* Jared Sandberg Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders Lehigh Valley IronPigs & Toledo Mud Hens

Playoff format[edit]

Typically, from 1933 to 1987, the four teams with the best records at the end of the season competed in semi-finals and then a final best-of-seven series for the championship. For the few years in which the league was split into two divisions, the top two teams in each division competed against one another, with the winners competing to determine a champion. The championship series was shorted to a best-of-five series in some years. The league also competed in two divisions from 1988 to 1997.

Since 1998, the league has been split into three divisions. Under this format, the three division winners and a wild card team (the team with the best second-place record in the league) are determined at the end of the season. The North Division champion plays the wild card team, while the champions of the South and West Divisions play one another in best-of-five series. The winners then play each other in the best-of-five Governors' Cup Playoffs to determine the champion.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • a After competing with a two-division format for 10 years from 1988 to 1997, the International League switched to a three division alignment in 1998. The practice of recognizing the league champion as not only the pennant winner, but also the Governors' Cup winner continued.[4]
  • b The playoffs were cancelled in the wake the September 11 terrorist attacks. Louisville, which had won the first game of the series, 2–1, before its cancellation, was declared the winner.

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ a b c "International League Governors' Cup Championship". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  2. ^ PA Sports. "Police: Pa. man smashed Yankees affiliate's trophy". bleacherreport.com. Bleacher Report, Inc. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016.
  3. ^ "International League Personnel and Staff". International League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
  4. ^ "International League Champions". International League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
General