Govia Thameslink Railway

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Govia Thameslink Railway
GoviaThameslinkRailway.png
Overview
Franchise(s) Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern
14 Sep 2014 – 2021
Main region(s) South East England, Greater London, East Anglia
Stations operated 238
National Rail abbreviation GN, GX, SN, TL
Parent company Govia (Go-Ahead Group (65%), Keolis (35%)
Website www.govia.info

Govia Thameslink Railway (GTR) /ɡˈv.ə ˈtɛmzlɪŋk/ is a train operating company that operates the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern (TSGN) rail franchise in England. Within the franchise, GTR runs the Thameslink, Great Northern, Southern and Gatwick Express airport services.[1]

GTR is a subsidiary of Govia, which is itself a joint venture between the British Go-Ahead Group (65%) and French company Keolis (35%).

History[edit]

Thameslink and Great Northern services were merged into one franchise in 2006 due to the upcoming Thameslink Programme. In 2012, it was announced that services of First Capital Connect, Southern (with Gatwick Express) and some Southeastern routes would be merged into a single Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise (TGSN).[2] The Invitation to Tender was to have been issued in October 2012, with the successful bidder announced in Spring 2013 and TSGN originally due to start in September 2013. However, due to the collapse of the InterCity West Coast re-franchising process, all franchising competitions were frozen until January 2013.[3] In January 2013 the government announced that it would extend the contract until March 2014, intending to negotiate with FirstGroup to operate the franchise on a management contract for up to two years.[4]

In March 2013 the Secretary of State for Transport announced that the franchise would again be extended, until 13 September 2014, and that the future franchise would be a management-style contract due to the level of investment and change on the route.[5] In September 2013 a revised invitation to tender was issued.[6] Govia Thameslink Railway was awarded the franchise on 23 May 2014.[7][8]

On 14 September 2014, Govia Thameslink Railway took over services from First Capital Connect, serving 122 stations and operating a fleet of 226 trains. In December 2014, full control was taken of the Sevenoaks Thameslink service (this service was previously jointly operated with Southeastern). The separate Thameslink and Great Northern were maintained upon the GTR takeover. Southern and Gatwick Express became part of GTR in July 2015, making it the largest rail franchise in terms of passengers, staff and fleet in the UK.[9][10]

The franchise has an unusual structure: it is a management contract where fare income does not go to GTR. Under their original contract, Department for Transport will pay GTR £8.9 billion over the first seven years and receive all revenue.[1] Consequently, the company carries less revenue risk. This form of franchise was chosen because of long-term engineering works anticipated around London, which would be a significant challenge to organise within the normal form of franchise.[11][12]

In June 2016, amongst criticism of the performance of its services, Go-Ahead warned of lower than anticipated profits on the franchises, leading to 18% drop in the Go-Ahead share price. Passengers had previously rated its Thameslink service as the worst in the country. Only 20% of Southern trains arrived on time in the year from April 2015 to March 2016, and there was an ongoing industrial dispute over driver-only operated trains.[13][14][15] On 12 July 2016, after 15% of Southern services were cancelled for a period of weeks to improve service reliability, Mayor of London Sadiq Khan called for GTR to be stripped of the franchise.[16] On 15 July 2016, Rail Minister Claire Perry resigned.[17]

In July 2018, the Department for Transport stated that Govia Thameslink Railway could be stripped of its franchise in weeks following the timetable chaos.[18]

Thameslink and Great Northern services[edit]

Great Northern Class 365 at King's Cross

Govia Thameslink Railway has operated Thameslink and Great Northern services since 14 September 2014. Thameslink is a 68-station main-line route running 225 km (140 mi) north to south through London from Bedford to Brighton, serving both London Gatwick Airport and London Luton Airport, with a suburban loop serving Sutton, Mitcham and Wimbledon and on weekdays a suburban line via Catford and Bromley South to Sevenoaks. Great Northern is the name of the suburban rail services run on the southern end of Britain's East Coast Main Line and associated branches. Services operate to or from London King's Cross and Moorgate in London. Destinations include Hertford North, Welwyn Garden City, Stevenage, Peterborough, Cambridge and King's Lynn.

In May 2018, the company introduced a new timetable which included the first regular services through the Canal Tunnels and to other new destinations previously not served by Thameslink. However, due to frequent disruption of services on the whole network, Govia decided to create a new interim timetable with a reduced number of trains; this came into operation in July 2018.[19]

The published Thameslink and Great Northern off-peak service pattern, from May 2018, with frequencies in trains per hour (tph), includes:[20]


Thameslink
Route tph Calling at Stock
Cambridge[a] to Brighton 1[b] Royston, Baldock, Letchworth Garden City, Hitchin, Stevenage, Finsbury Park, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, London Bridge, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Haywards Heath, Burgess Hill, Hassocks, Preston Park 700
(Cambridge North[a] and) Cambridge to London King's Cross[c] 2 Foxton, Shepreth, Meldreth, Royston, Ashwell and Morden, Baldock, Letchworth Garden City, Hitchin, Stevenage, Knebworth, Welwyn North, Welwyn Garden City, Hatfield, Potters Bar, Finsbury Park
1tph extended from/to Cambridge North,[a] calling at Cambridge, Foxton, then as above.
700
Peterborough to Horsham 2 Huntingdon, St Neots, Sandy, Biggleswade, Arlesey, Hitchin, Stevenage, Finsbury Park, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, London Bridge, East Croydon, Coulsdon South, Merstham, Redhill, Horley, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Crawley, Ifield, Faygate (limited), Littlehaven 700
Bedford to Brighton 2 Flitwick, Harlington, Leagrave, Luton, Luton Airport Parkway, Harpenden, St Albans City, West Hampstead Thameslink, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, London Bridge, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Balcombe, Haywards Heath, Wivelsfield, Burgess Hill, Hassocks (1tph),[d] Preston Park (1tph)[d] 700
Bedford to Gatwick Airport 2 Flitwick, Harlington, Leagrave, Luton, Luton Airport Parkway, Harpenden, St Albans City, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, London Bridge, Norwood Junction, East Croydon, Purley, Redhill, Earlswood, Salfords, Horley 700
Luton to Rainham 2 Luton Airport Parkway, Harpenden, St Albans City, Radlett, Elstree & Borehamwood, Mill Hill Broadway, West Hampstead Thameslink, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, London Bridge, Deptford, Greenwich, Maze Hill, Westcombe Park, Charlton, Woolwich Arsenal, Plumstead, Abbey Wood, Slade Green, Dartford, Stone Crossing, Greenhithe, Swanscombe, Northfleet, Gravesend, Higham, Strood, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham 700
St Albans City to Sutton via Wimbledon (loop) 2 Radlett, Elstree & Borehamwood, Mill Hill Broadway, Hendon, Cricklewood, West Hampstead Thameslink, Kentish Town, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, Elephant & Castle, Loughborough Junction, Herne Hill, Tulse Hill, Streatham, Tooting, Haydons Road, Wimbledon, Wimbledon Chase, South Merton, Morden South, St Helier, Sutton Common, West Sutton, Sutton...
Services then continue to/from St Albans City via Hackbridge (see below).
700
St Albans City to Sutton via Hackbridge (loop) 2 Radlett, Elstree & Borehamwood, Mill Hill Broadway, Hendon, Cricklewood, West Hampstead Thameslink, Kentish Town, London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, Elephant & Castle, Loughborough Junction, Herne Hill, Tulse Hill, Streatham, Mitcham Eastfields, Mitcham Junction, Hackbridge, Carshalton, Sutton...
Services then continue to/from St Albans City via Wimbledon (see above).
700
Kentish Town to Orpington 2 London St Pancras International, Farringdon, City Thameslink, London Blackfriars, Elephant & Castle, Denmark Hill, Peckham Rye, Nunhead, Crofton Park, Catford, Bellingham, Beckenham Hill, Ravensbourne, Shortlands, Bromley South, Bickley, Petts Wood 700
London Blackfriars to Sevenoaks 2 Elephant & Castle, Denmark Hill, Peckham Rye, Nunhead, Crofton Park, Catford, Bellingham, Beckenham Hill, Ravensbourne, Shortlands, Bromley South, Bickley, St Mary Cray, Swanley, Eynsford, Shoreham, Otford, Bat & Ball
No services through the core section on this route outside of peak times.
700
Great Northern - Cambridge express & Fen Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
London King's Cross to King's Lynn 1 Cambridge, Cambridge North, Waterbeach, Ely, Littleport, Downham Market, Watlington 365 or 387
London King's Cross to Ely 1 Cambridge, Cambridge North 365 or 387
Great Northern - Northern City Line
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Moorgate to Welwyn Garden City 2 Old Street, Essex Road, Highbury & Islington, Drayton Park, Finsbury Park, Harringay, Hornsey, Alexandra Palace, New Southgate, Oakleigh Park, New Barnet, Hadley Wood, Potters Bar, Hatfield 313
2 Old Street, Essex Road, Highbury & Islington, Drayton Park, Finsbury Park, Alexandra Palace, New Southgate, Oakleigh Park, New Barnet, Hadley Wood, Potters Bar, Brookmans Park, Welham Green, Hatfield 313
London Moorgate to Hertford North 2[e] Old Street, Essex Road, Highbury & Islington, Drayton Park, Finsbury Park, Harringay, Hornsey, Alexandra Palace, Bowes Park, Palmers Green, Winchmore Hill, Grange Park, Enfield Chase, Gordon Hill, Crews Hill, Cuffley, Bayford 313
London Moorgate to Watton-at-Stone (and Stevenage)[f] 2 Old Street, Essex Road, Highbury & Islington, Drayton Park, Finsbury Park, Harringay, Hornsey, Alexandra Palace, Bowes Park, Palmers Green, Winchmore Hill, Grange Park, Enfield Chase, Gordon Hill, Cuffley, Hertford North
1tph extended one stop to Stevenage.[f]
313

Southern and Gatwick Express services[edit]

The Southern and Gatwick Express brands joined Govia Thameslink Railway on 26 July 2015. Southern routes run from London Victoria and London Bridge through the South London suburbs of Battersea, Norbury, Peckham, Sydenham, Crystal Palace, Norwood, Croydon, Streatham, Purley and Sutton to towns surrounding London including Caterham, Epsom and Tadworth. Further afield, Southern also serve Redhill, Tonbridge, Uckfield, East Grinstead, Gatwick Airport, Brighton, Ashford (Kent), Worthing, Hastings, Portsmouth, Eastbourne, Horsham, Southampton, Littlehampton and Bognor Regis. Additionally, Southern run West London route services from Milton Keynes to South Croydon via Watford and Clapham Junction. Since 2008, Southern has operated the Gatwick Express service from London Victoria to Gatwick Airport and Brighton.

As of May 2018, the off-peak Monday-Saturday service pattern, with frequencies in trains per hour (tph), will consist of:[22]


Gatwick Express
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to Brighton (express)[23] 2 Gatwick Airport 387
London Victoria to Gatwick Airport 2 non-stop 387
Brighton Mainline
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to Brighton (semi-fast) 2 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Haywards Heath, Burgess Hill, Hassocks 377
Mainline East
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to Eastbourne 1 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Haywards Heath, Wivelsfield, Cooksbridge (limited service), Lewes, Polegate, Hampden Park
Service runs together with the Mainline West service to/from Littlehampton between London Victoria and Haywards Heath, where the two services divide/attach.
377
London Victoria to Ore 1 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Haywards Heath, Plumpton, Lewes, Polegate, Eastbourne, Hampden Park, Pevensey & Westham, Cooden Beach, Collington, Bexhill, St Leonards Warrior Square, Hastings
Trains reverse at Eastbourne, and only call at Hampden Park once.
Service runs together with the Mainline West service to/from Littlehampton between London Victoria and Haywards Heath, where the two services divide/attach.
377
Mainline West
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to Littlehampton 1 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Haywards Heath, Preston Park, Hove, Portslade, Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing (London-bound only), Worthing, West Worthing, Durrington-on-Sea, Goring-by-Sea, Angmering
Service runs together with the Mainline East service to/from Eastbourne between London Victoria and Haywards Heath, where the two services divide/attach.
377
1 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Haywards Heath, Hove, Portslade, Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing (Littlehampton-bound only), Worthing, West Worthing, Durrington-on-Sea, Goring-by-Sea, Angmering
Service runs together with the Mainline East service to/from Ore between London Victoria and Haywards Heath, where the two services divide/attach.
377
London Victoria to Bognor Regis 2 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Crawley, Horsham, Christ's Hospital (1tph), Billingshurst, Pulborough, Amberley (1tph), Arundel, Ford, Barnham
Christ's Hospital and Amberley are served by the same train.
Service runs together with the Mainline West service to/from Portsmouth Harbour or Southampton Central between London Victoria and Horsham, where the two services divide/attach.
377
London Victoria to Southampton Central 1 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Crawley, Horsham, Barnham, Chichester, Southbourne, Emsworth, Havant, Cosham, Portchester, Fareham, Swanwick, Netley (limited service), Woolston (limited service), St Denys (limited service)
Service runs together with the Mainline West service to/from Bognor Regis between London Victoria and Horsham, where the two services divide/attach.
377
London Victoria to Portsmouth Harbour 1 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Gatwick Airport, Three Bridges, Crawley, Horsham, Barnham, Chichester, Havant, Fratton, Portsmouth & Southsea
Service runs together with the Mainline West service to/from Bognor Regis between London Victoria and Horsham, where the two services divide/attach.
377
Coastway East
Route tph Calling at Stock
Brighton to Lewes (and Seaford) 4 London Road, Moulsecoomb, Falmer
2tph extend to/from Seaford, calling at Southease (1tph), Newhaven Town, Newhaven Harbour, and Bishopstone.
313
Brighton to Hastings 1 Moulsecoomb, Falmer, Lewes, Berwick, Polegate, Hampden Park, Eastbourne, Hampden Park (Brighton-bound only), Pevensey & Westham (Brighton-bound only), Pevensey Bay (limited service), Bexhill, St Leonards Warrior Square
Trains reverse at Eastbourne. Trains call at Hampden Park once towards Hastings but twice towards Brighton.
377
Brighton to Ore 1 Falmer, Lewes, Glynde, Polegate, Eastbourne, Hampden Park (Ore-bound only), Pevensey & Westham (Ore-bound only), Bexhill, St Leonards Warrior Square, Hastings
Trains reverse at Eastbourne. Trains call at Hampden Park once, towards Ore only.
377
Eastbourne to Ashford International 1 Hampden Park, Pevensey & Westham, Normans Bay, Cooden Beach, Collington, Bexhill, St Leonards Warrior Square, Hastings, Ore, Three Oaks (1tp2h), Doleham (limited service), Winchelsea (1tp2h), Rye, Appledore, Ham Street
Three Oaks and Winchelsea are served by alternate trains.
171
Coastway West
Route tph Calling at Stock
Brighton to Hove 2 313
Brighton to West Worthing 2 Hove, Aldrington, Portslade, Fishersgate, Southwick, Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing, East Worthing, Worthing 313
Brighton to Southampton Central 1 Hove, Portslade, Southwick, Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing, Worthing, West Worthing, Durrington-on-Sea, Goring-by-Sea, Angmering, Ford, Barnham, Chichester, Emsworth, Havant, Cosham, Fareham, Swanwick, Bursledon (limited service), Hamble (limited service), Netley (limited service), Sholing (limited service), Woolston (limited service), Bitterne (limited service), St Denys (limited service)
A few services take an alternative route between Fareham and Southampton Central, via Eastleigh. These services stop at Eastleigh (where they reverse) and Southampton Airport Parkway
377
Brighton to Portsmouth Harbour 1 Hove, Portslade, Southwick, Shoreham-by-Sea, Lancing, Worthing, Angmering, Barnham, Chichester, Southbourne, Emsworth, Havant, Fratton, Portsmouth & Southsea 313
Littlehampton to Bognor Regis 1 Ford, Barnham 313
Barnham to Bognor Regis 1 313
Littlehampton to Portsmouth & Southsea 1 Ford, Barnham, Chichester, Fishbourne, Bosham, Nutbourne, Southbourne, Emsworth, Warblington, Havant, Bedhampton, Hilsea, Fratton 313
Oxted
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to East Grinstead 2 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Sanderstead, Riddlesdown, Upper Warlingham, Woldingham, Oxted, Hurst Green, Lingfield, Dormans 377
London Bridge to Uckfield 1 East Croydon, Oxted, Hurst Green, Edenbridge Town, Hever, Cowden, Ashurst, Eridge, Crowborough, Buxted 171
Redhill
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to Reigate 2 Clapham Junction, East Croydon, Purley, Coulsdon South, Merstham, Redhill 377
Redhill to Tonbridge 1 Nutfield, Godstone, Edenbridge, Penshurst, Leigh 377
West London
Route tph Calling at Stock
Milton Keynes Central to East Croydon 1 Bletchley, Leighton Buzzard, Tring, Berkhamsted, Hemel Hempstead, Watford Junction, Harrow & Wealdstone, Wembley Central, Shepherd's Bush, Kensington (Olympia), West Brompton, Imperial Wharf, Clapham Junction, Balham, Streatham Common, Norbury, Thornton Heath, Selhurst 377
Metro
Route tph Calling at Stock
London Victoria to Dorking (and Horsham) via Carshalton 2 Clapham Junction, Carshalton, Sutton, Cheam, Epsom, Ashtead, Leatherhead, Box Hill & Westhumble (1tph)
1tph extended to/from Horsham, calling at Holmwood, Ockley and Warnham
Box Hill & Westhumble is served by trains to/from Horsham.
377
London Victoria to Epsom via Carshalton 2 Clapham Junction, Balham, Mitcham Eastfields, Mitcham Junction, Hackbridge, Carshalton, Sutton, Cheam, Ewell East 377
London Victoria to Sutton (and Epsom Downs) via Norbury 4 Battersea Park, Clapham Junction, Wandsworth Common, Balham, Streatham Common, Norbury, Thornton Heath, Selhurst, West Croydon, Waddon, Wallington, Carshalton Beeches
2tph extended to/from Epsom Downs, calling at Belmont and Banstead
377
London Victoria to West Croydon via Gipsy Hill 2 Battersea Park, Clapham Junction, Wandsworth Common, Balham, Streatham Hill, West Norwood, Gipsy Hill, Crystal Palace, Norwood Junction 377
London Victoria to London Bridge via Gipsy Hill 2 Battersea Park, Clapham Junction, Wandsworth Common, Balham, Streatham Hill, West Norwood, Gipsy Hill, Crystal Palace
Service continues to London Bridge via Sydenham (see below).
377
London Bridge to London Victoria via Sydenham 2 New Cross Gate, Brockley, Honor Oak Park, Forest Hill, Sydenham, Crystal Palace
Service continues to London Victoria via Gipsy Hill (see above).
377
London Bridge to Coulsdon Town via Sydenham 2 New Cross Gate, Brockley, Honor Oak Park, Forest Hill, Sydenham, Penge West, Anerley, Norwood Junction, East Croydon, South Croydon, Purley Oaks, Purley, Reedham 455
London Bridge to Epsom 2 Norwood Junction, West Croydon, Waddon, Wallington, Carshalton Beeches, Sutton, Cheam, Ewell East 377
London Bridge to Tattenham Corner 2 East Croydon, South Croydon, Purley Oaks, Purley, Reedham, Coulsdon Town, Woodmansterne, Chipstead, Kingswood, Tadworth
Service runs together with the service to/from Caterham between London Victoria and Purley, where the two services divide/attach.
377
London Bridge to Caterham East Croydon, South Croydon, Purley Oaks, Purley, Kenley, Whyteleafe, Whyteleafe South
Service runs together with the service to/from Tattenham Corner between London Victoria and Purley, where the two services divide/attach.
377
London Bridge to Caterham via Peckham Rye 2 South Bermondsey, Queens Road Peckham, Peckham Rye, East Dulwich, North Dulwich, Tulse Hill, Streatham, Streatham Common, Norbury, Thornton Heath, Selhurst, East Croydon, Purley, Kenley, Whyteleafe, Whyteleafe South 455
London Bridge to Beckenham Junction via Peckham Rye 2 South Bermondsey, Queens Road Peckham, Peckham Rye, East Dulwich, North Dulwich, Tulse Hill, West Norwood, Gipsy Hill, Crystal Palace, Birkbeck 455

Franchise commitments[edit]

An example of widescale upgrade works at Harpenden station including the extension of platforms for 12 carriage trains, a new footbridge with lifts, new waiting rooms, brighter lighting, new ticket gates and automatic passenger information screens

This franchise is different from many other franchises let since privatisation in 1996. Now the operator, in this case Govia, gives all revenue to the government, rather than paying set premiums. The Department for Transport will pay Govia, totalling around £8.9bn over the franchise period of seven years, from the expected revenues of £12.4bn. With this Govia expects to make a 3% profit, and the risks on costs will be Govia's, while the DfT will profit or lose from fluctuations in revenue.[24]

Govia plans to invest £50m in all 239 stations it will manage. It plans to:[25]

  • Enhance all 239 stations including improving access, replace electronic information screens and working with local authorities on the redevelopment of St Albans and Luton stations.
  • Increase staffing hours at many stations, with the 100 busiest stations staffed from first to last train, like London Overground stations.
  • Extension of 'the key' smartcard which Southern has been introducing.
  • Provide 104 stations with free wifi.
  • £1.5m on station access improvements including increased cycle storage and electrical vehicle charging points.

Other plans include:[26]

  • Half-hourly King's Lynn to London services
  • Direct Peterborough, Cambridge, Welwyn Garden City and Finsbury Park to Tattenham Corner, Caterham, Horsham services.[27]
  • Increasing Great Northern suburban services to four trains per hour via Enfield Chase and New Barnet
  • Great Northern suburban services to run to Moorgate at weekends and on weekday evenings
  • 50% increase in capacity from Uckfield to London in the peaks.
  • Doubling overnight Thameslink services
  • Sevenoaks Thameslink services to run on Saturdays
  • Working to extend Oyster to Epsom, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport Parkway, Welwyn Garden City and Hertford North[28]
  • Class 387 Electrostars for King's Lynn express services, releasing Class 317s, 321s and some Class 365s for newly electrified routes elsewhere.[29]
  • Creating an Alliance arrangement with Network Rail in 2016, like South West Trains.[30]

Rolling stock[edit]

Interior of a Thameslink Class 700
Interior of a cascaded Great Northern Class 387 train

In 2011 the consortium Cross London Trains Ltd. consisting of Siemens Project Ventures, 3i Infrastructure plc and Innisfree Ltd was announced as preferred bidder with Siemens to manufacture and maintain the rolling stock to run on the Thameslink routes from 2016. This was a politically controversial decision as the competing bidder Bombardier Transportation had a train factory in the UK.[31] Both the procurement process and final close of contract were significantly delayed, resulting in the expected first delivery date moving from 2012 to 2016. The trains are known as Class 700s and the £1.6 billion contract to manufacture and provide service depots for the trains was finalised in mid 2013.[32] A fleet of 115 8- and 12-car trains is expected to enter service between 2016 and 2018. A new-build rolling stock depot was completed at Three Bridges in 2015,[33] and Hornsey depot was extended northwards and had several new buildings added in 2016.[34]

Because of the delay in procuring the Class 700 trains, 29 Class 387 trains were ordered for the Thameslink route, releasing the Class 319 trains to newly electrified routes. Delivery was completed in 2014 and the trains entered service later that year. The order includes provision for an extra 140 vehicles.[6][35] It was originally planned that once the Class 700s began entering service, the Class 387s would be transferred to Great Western Railway for use on routes in the Thames Valley.[36] However a change of plans saw GWR order an entirely new fleet of Class 387s, so the Thameslink units were cascaded to the Great Northern route following delivery of the Class 700s.[37][38]

In addition to the introduction of the new Class 700 units, GTR also ordered a further 25 new 6-car trains to replace the 40-year-old Class 313 units[24] on the Great Northern Moorgate suburban services. In December 2015, Siemens was selected to provide these as a follow-on to the Class 700 order.[39][40] They were designated as the Class 717 in June 2016.[41]

Current fleet[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Cars Number Routes operated Built
mph km/h
313 Great Northern 313058+313025 at Finsbury Park - 16 March 2017.jpg EMU 75 120 3 44 Great Northern “suburban” services to/from Moorgate 1976–7
Class 313 First Capital Connect Diagram.png
365 365535 London Kings Cross.jpg EMU 100 161 4 21 Great Northern “express” services 1994–5
387/1 387108 at Kings Lynn.jpg EMU 110 177 4 29 Great Northern “express” services 2014–5
Great Northern Class 387 Diagram.png
700/0 700110 - London Blackfriars 3T13.JPG EMU 100 161 8 60 All Thameslink services 2015–8
700/1 12 55

1: ^ The Northern City Line between Moorgate and Drayton Park is also electrified at 750V DC third rail.

Future fleet[edit]

 Class  Type  Top speed   Cars   Number   Routes operated  Built
 mph   km/h 
Class 717[41] EMU 100 161 6 25 Northern City Line 2018–

Past fleet[edit]

Former units operated by Thameslink and Great Northern include:

Class Image Type Top speed Carriages Number Built Withdrawn Transferred to
mph km/h
Class 317 Stevenage railway station MMB 02 317345.jpg EMU 100 161 4 12 1981–82 2017 Greater Anglia
Class 317 Great Northern Diagram.png
Class 319 319373 and 319 number 438 to Sevenoaks 2E45 by Train Photos.jpg EMU 100 161 4 86 1987–88 2015–17 Northern, London Midland or stored
Class 319 Thameslink Diagram.png
Class 321 V F CC 321404 A Hornsey TMD.JPG EMU 100 161 4 13 1989–90 2016 Greater Anglia, Abellio ScotRail or stored
Class 365 365535 London Kings Cross.jpg EMU 100 161 4 10 1994–95 2018 Abellio ScotRail (to make up the delays for the new Class 385s) or stored
Class 377 377519 at Bedford.jpg EMU 100 161 4 26 2008–09 2017 Southeastern and Southern

Driver depots[edit]

Driver depots are located across the network at;[42]

Thameslink[edit]

Great Northern[edit]

Performance[edit]

Govia and Thameslink passenger numbers 2011 to 2016, annual rolling average[43][44]

In February 2015, Thameslink and Great Northern came at the bottom of Which? magazine's Best and worst UK train companies customer survey, scoring a customer satisfaction score of 43%. Thameslink and Great Northern were also scored 2/5 stars in each of the specific categories covered by the survey (including Reliability, Punctuality and Cleanliness of toilets) – which is the worst performance of any UK train operator. In the Which? 2017 survey Thameslink and Great Northern improved their performance slightly with a rating of 46% also, their position in the table was second to bottom (Southern were in bottom place, but had been subject huge disruption due to industrial action).[45]

Passenger numbers on Govia Thameslink Railway (which also includes Southern and Gatwick Express) have risen from 262 million annually in 2010/11 to 327 million annually in 2015/16.[44]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Topham, Gwyn (23 May 2014). "FirstGroup loses Thameslink franchise to Go-Ahead joint venture". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Consultation on the combined Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise". Department for Transport. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Expanding and improving the rail network". Department for Transport. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Rail franchising future programme. Department for Transport. 31 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Railway plan puts new focus on passengers". Secretary of State for Transport statement 26 March 2013.
  6. ^ a b Thameslink Southern & Great Northern Invitation to Tender. Department for Transport. 26 September 2013.
  7. ^ "Govia chosen for new Thameslink contract". Railnews. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Govia wins TSGN franchise, beating FirstGroup". Rail Technology. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "New rail franchising deal set to transform passenger services across London and south east". Department for Transport (DfT). 23 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Govia wins Thameslink rail franchise". BBC News Online. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Ben James (18 June 2016). "Fines issued to rail provider GTR for poor performance slammed". The Argus. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  12. ^ Simon Usborne (8 July 2016). "All aboard the Southern chaos train: the commuters caught in a war on rails". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "Thameslink woes hit Go-Ahead shares". BBC News. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  14. ^ Craig Richard (17 June 2016). "Boss of Epsom's main train operator Govia Thameslink Railway takes home £2.1m paycheck despite "appalling service"". Your Local Guardian. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  15. ^ Joseph Watts (17 June 2016). "Govia Thameslink Railway boss refuses to defend CEO £2m pay". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  16. ^ Gwyn Topham, Matthew Weaver (12 July 2016). "Take Southern rail franchise off operator, urges Sadiq Khan". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "Rail minister Claire Perry resigns". BBC News. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "Govia Thameslink 'could lose franchise' over rail chaos". BBC News. 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  19. ^ "Thameslink: Train Timetables". June 2018. 
  20. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference rptt was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  21. ^ a b Phase 2 - Timetable Consultation
  22. ^ "Timetables - RailPlan20/20". www.railplan2020.com. 
  23. ^ "Brighton train services timetable". 
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  25. ^ "Govia awarded TSGN franchise" (Press release). Govia. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  26. ^ "TSGN". Govia. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  27. ^ "Proposed Thameslink service pattern" (PDF). Thameslink Programme. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  28. ^ "Easier journeys and better information". Govia. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  29. ^ "New Trains". Govia. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "More reliable and faster services". Govia. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
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  36. ^ First Great Western plans AT300s to Cornwall Railway Gazette 23 March 2015
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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The original plan envisaged that Cambridge North station will be served with 2tph by the Brighton services (instead of 1tph by the stopping services as at present).[21] The final report did not mention this proposal.[20]
  2. ^ 2tph from December 2018.
  3. ^ To be extended to/from Maidstone East in December 2019.
  4. ^ a b Hassocks and Preston Park will no longer be served by these trains once the Cambridge-Brighton services start running at 2tph.
  5. ^ 4tph from December 2019.
  6. ^ a b From December 2018 services between Watton-at-Stone and Stevenage will be temporarily withdrawn and replaced by a bus service, until a new bay platform is built at Stevenage.[21] Once the new platform is provided, it is planned that all Watton-at-Stone services will be extended to/from Stevenage.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
First Capital Connect
Thameslink Great Northern franchise
Operator of Thameslink, Southern
and Great Northern franchise

2014/2015 – 2021
Incumbent
Preceded by
Southern
South Central franchise