Gowa Regency

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Gowa Regency
Kabupaten Gowa
Official seal of Gowa Regency
Country Indonesia
Province South Sulawesi
Capital Sungguminasa
 • Total 1,883.32 km2 (727.15 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 652,329
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Fortress Samba Opu
Western wall of the fortress
Wall being restored
Museum and canon in the fortress of Samba Opu

Gowa is a regency in the province of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It has an area of 1,883 km² and a population of 652,329 at the 2010 Census.[1] The majority of the Regency (the western eleven districts, with over 76.6% of the regency's population) lies within the official metropolitan area of the city of Makassar, including the regency's administrative capital at Sungguminasa. The hill resort of Malino is within the eastern (non-metropolitan) part of the regency.


The regency is divided into eighteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[2]

Name Population
Census 2010
Bontonompo 39,295
Bontonompo Selatan
(South Bontonompo)
Bajeng 62,334
Bajeng Barat
(West Bajeng)
Pallangga 98,721
Barotbong 34,526
Sompa Opu 130,287
Bontomarunnu 31,250
Pattallassang 21,881
Parangloe 16,564
Manuju 14,093
Tinggimoncong 22,138
Tombolo Pao 26,876
Parigi 13,089
Bungaya 15,847
Bontolempangan 13,332
Tompobulu 28,971
Biringbulu 32,347

The first eleven of the eighteen districts tabulated above lie within the official metropolitan area of the city of Makassar; the remaining seven districts lie outside that area.


Gowa was formerly a kingdom founded in the Makassar region of southwestern Sulawesi before 1300.[citation needed]

From 1660, the Netherlands was at war with Gowa, which was the major Makassar west coast power.[citation needed] In 1669, Admiral Speelman forced the ruler, Sultan Hasanuddin, to sign the Treaty of Bongaya, which handed control of trade to the Dutch East India Company.[citation needed] The Dutch were aided in their conquest by the Bugis warlord Arung Palakka, ruler of the Bugis kingdom of Bone.[citation needed]

The Bili-Bili Dam, located about 30 km from Makassar, was completed in 1998.[3]

Sights and Tourism[edit]

One of the most important sights is Fortress Samba Opu (Benteng Samba Opu) in the town of Sunggumninasa. A part of the walls including a round tower are just being restored. The strongest wall with a thickness of seven metres was built in the west towards the sea as Sultan Hasanuddin feared an attack from this direction.[4] Weapons, coins, traditional clothings etc. are on display in a museum in the middle of the fortress. Various houses in the traditional styles of eleven different peoples of southern Sulawesi were built in the fortress.

Parangloe Tiered Waterfall[edit]

Parangloe Tiered Waterfall is located in Parangloe district, 42 kilometers east of Makassar with severely damaged road and then 1.5 kilometers in a half hour walk.[5]


  1. ^ 2010 Indonesian Census
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Andi Hajramurni (2010-05-21). "Makassar dam threatened by sediment, experts say". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  4. ^ Nurul Noe: Makassar dan sekitarnya, p.28. Jakarta 2014
  5. ^ "The Tempting Parangloe Waterfall". September 17, 2014. 

Coordinates: 5°20′S 119°40′E / 5.333°S 119.667°E / -5.333; 119.667