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Gowanda State Hospital

Coordinates: 42°29′18″N 78°56′13″W / 42.48833°N 78.93694°W / 42.48833; -78.93694
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Gowanda State Hospital
Erie County, State of New York
LocationGowanda, New York, United States
Coordinates42°29′18″N 78°56′13″W / 42.48833°N 78.93694°W / 42.48833; -78.93694
SpecialtyPsychiatric hospital
Former name(s)Homeopathic State Hospital, Gowanda Psychiatric Center
ListsHospitals in New York State

Gowanda State Hospital was a hospital located in Gowanda, New York. Its building is now part of Gowanda Correctional Facility.


In 1894, the Erie County Legislature passed an Act that gave rise to the Homeopathic State Hospital, later known as the Gowanda Psychiatric Center, in Gowanda and Collins, New York.[1] Land purchased for the State Hospital by Erie County included 500 acres and was known as the Taylor Tract.[1] When the State Care Act was effected in 1894, the land was transferred to the State of New York, which then conveyed it to the State Hospital.[1] The hospital was located Taylor Hollow Road, which was named for the farmer who used to own the land.[1][2]

In 1982, 40% of the original 500 acres of the Gowanda Psychiatric Center was utilized for the Collins Correctional Facility.[3][4] The Gowanda Correctional Facility was built using the remaining acreage and opened its doors in 1994.[3][4] The two prisons are separated by a fence, and they are administered independently.[3][4] Gowanda Correctional Facility houses more than 2,300 inmates,[3][4] and is the second-largest prison in New York State.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b c d Historical sketch of the Village of Gowanda, N.Y. in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of its incorporation, August 8, 1898, Buffalo, NY: The Matthews-Northrup Company, Leonard, I.R., Reprinted 1998, Salem, MA: Higginson Book Company
  2. ^ "Gowanda State Hospital". Asylum Projects. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Hosting innovative programming: Gowanda". Webcitation.org from the original at Geocities, November 1999. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Gowanda Correctional Facility Archived 2014-03-18 at the Wayback Machine." PrisonTalk.com. October 9, 2004. Retrieved March 18, 2014.

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