Goud Saraswat Brahmin

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Gaud Saraswat Brahmin
Regions with significant populations
Primary populations in Goa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala
Maharashtrian Konkani, Goan Konkani
Related ethnic groups
Konkani people, Saraswat Brahmins

Gaud (also spelt as Gawd) Saraswat Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin community in India and a part of the larger Saraswat Brahmin community. They are popularly referred to as GSBs. They can be classified either as Konkani or Marathi people. They primarily speak Konkani as their mother tongue, however many have native language proficiency in Marathi. According to studies by the Archaeological Survey of India of the Gokarna-Partagali Math, the migrations of this community are thought have originated from the Sintashta-Petrovka and Arkaim regions of modern day lower central Russia.[1][2] Sub-sects of Saraswat Brahmins, unusually for the Brahmin caste, had also ruled as monarchs of pre-Islamic Afghan Kingdoms, such as the Shahis of Kabul.[3] According to Mahesh Prabhu, fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, the community is believed to have "played a pivotal role in the authoring of Rigveda,"[4] the sacred Sanskrit text, while residing by the lost river Saraswati during the Indus-Saraswati civilization approximately 4000 years ago.[5]

Parshurama with Saraswati Brahmin settlers commanding Varuna to make the seas recede to make the Konkan Region


During the eighth month of pregnancy, a woman moves to her mother's house, especially during the birth of her first child. The expecting mother also performs Ganapathi Pooja for a successful delivery and a healthy child. On the 6th day, a pen and lamp are kept near the child's head, symbolic of a wish for an intelligent child. On the 12th day, the naming and cradling ceremony is performed wherein the paternal grandmother whispers the child's name into his/her ear and a horoscope is cast.[citation needed] When the child turns three months old, they are taken to the temple, and thereafter the child goes to the father's abode.[6]


GSBs celebrate almost all festivals in Hinduism, and follow the Hindu lunar calendar (Panchang in Konkani) that gives the days on which the fasts and festivals should be observed.[7]


Main article: Saraswat cuisine


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Background of GSBs". www.gsbsabhamumbai.org. Retrieved 2015-11-14. 
  2. ^ Hurteau, Pierre (2013-11-07). Male Homosexualities and World Religions. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781137340535. 
  3. ^ "Fall of Brahmin Kingdoms in Pakistan & Afghanistan". Tamil and Vedas. Retrieved 2015-11-14. Mohiyals or Mujhaals of Punjab were Brahmin rulers of North West India which are under Pakistan and Afghanistan now. They are Saraswat Brahmins, meaning they are from the River Saraswati , Vedic River. 
  4. ^ "Determining the age of Saraswat Community". U. Mahesh Prabhu. Retrieved 2015-11-14. There is no doubt that Saraswats were the people who played a pivotal role in the authoring of Rigveda. Thus the age of the Rigveda can easily be regarded as the age of the early Saraswats. 
  5. ^ "Huge Ancient Civilization's Collapse Explained". LiveScience.com. Retrieved 2015-11-14. 
  6. ^ "Welcome to GSB Konkani". Gsbkonkani.net. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Fasts and Festivals". Gsbkonkani.net. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Suryanath U Kamath (1992). The origin and spread of Gauda Saraswats. 
  • Venkataraya Narayan Kudva (1972). History of the Dakshinatya Saraswats. Samyukta Gauda Saraswata Sabha. 
  • Ramachandra Shyama Nayak. "Saraswath Sudha". 
  • Kawl, M. K. Kashmiri Pandits: Looking to the Future. 
  • Bryant, Edwin (2001). The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-513777-9. 
  • Hock, Hans (1999) "Through a Glass Darkly: Modern "Racial" Interpretations vs. Textual and General Prehistoric Evidence on Arya and Dasa/Dasyu in Vedic Indo-Aryan Society." in Aryan and Non-Aryan in South Asia, ed. Bronkhorst & Deshpande, Ann Arbor.
  • Shaffer, Jim G. (1995). "Cultural tradition and Palaeoethnicity in South Asian Archaeology". In George Erdosy. Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia. ISBN 3-11-014447-6. 
  • Conlon, Frank F. (1974). "Caste by Association: The Gauda Sarasvata Brahmana Unification Movement". The Journal of Asian Studies 33 (3): 351–365. JSTOR 2052936. (subscription required (help)).