Gower (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Gower in Wales.
|Preserved county||West Glamorgan|
|Electorate||62,389 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Mumbles, Clydach, Gorseinon, Pontarddulais, Penllergaer|
|Member of parliament||Tonia Antoniazzi (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Welsh Assembly||South Wales West|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Gower (Welsh: Gŵyr) is a constituency created in 1885 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by one member of parliament (MP). Tonia Antoniazzi, Labour Party became its MP after winning it from a Conservative in the 2017 UK general election. Her party had represented the seat from 1908 until 2015.
Gower is one of five seats won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 from a total of five covering its county. Antoniazzi's 2017 win was one of thirty net gains for the Labour Party.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Sources
- 9 External links
The constituency was created in 1885 and has had relatively widely varied boundaries. Before 2015 it had elected Labour MPs since 1906, sharing the longest single-party representation with Normanton and Makerfield. It holds approximately a third of the electorate of the city and county of Swansea, the rest of which is Swansea West and Swansea East.
1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Swansea, and the Sessional Divisions of Gower, Pontardawe, and Swansea.
1918–1950: The Urban District of Oystermouth, and the Rural Districts of Gower and Swansea.
1950–1983: The Urban District of Llwchwr, and the Rural Districts of Gower and Pontardawe.
1983–2010: The City of Swansea wards of Bishopston, Fairwood, Gower, Newton, Oystermouth, Penclawdd, Pennard, and West Cross, and the Borough of Lliw Valley wards of Clydach, Dulais East, Gorseinon Central, Gorseinon East, Gowerton East, Gowerton West, Graigfelin, Kingsbridge, Llangyfelach, Lower Loughor, Mawr, Penllergaer, Penyrheol, Pontardulais, Tal-y-bont, Upper Loughor, and Vardre.
2010–present: The Swansea County electoral divisions of Bishopston, Clydach, Fairwood, Gorseinon, Gower, Gowerton, Kingsbridge, Llangyfelach, Lower Loughor, Mawr, Newton, Oystermouth, Penclawdd, Penllergaer, Pennard, Penyrheol, Pontardulais, Upper Loughor, and West Cross.
The constituency encompasses most of the old Lordship of Gower (less the city of Swansea) and covers the inner Gower Peninsula and outer Gower areas including Clydach, Gowerton, Gorseinon, Felindre and Garnswllt.
Liberals and Labour 1885–1918
The first years, seeing more heavy industrial make-up than today, represented a struggle between the Liberals and those who favoured direct labour representation. Although its new electors in 1885 were predominantly the miners and tinplaters of the Swansea Valley, the new MP was Frank Ash Yeo, a local colliery owner and clearly an upper-class figure. In 1885 he comfortably defeated Henry Nathaniel Miers of Ynyspenllwch in the Swansea Valley, a coal owner, tinplate manufacturer and landowner.:60–61
On Yeo's death in 1888, representatives of the trade unions in the constituency overturned the Liberal association's choice of Sir Horace Davey and ensured the selection of David Randell as candidate. Randell was a Methodist solicitor who specialised in trade union litigation and his victory, albeit with a reduced majority over John Dillwyn Llewellyn, formed the basis of later claims that Gower was a 'labour' seat.
Since 1945, Gower has been a reliable seat for the Labour Party, having been won by comfortable margins except in two elections since; in the 1983 Conservative landslide, in which it was held by just 1,205 votes, and in 2010, where it was held by 2,683 votes. However, unlike many Welsh valley seats, which have given commanding majorities to Labour, Gower has not seen a majority of over 10,000 votes or 20% of the vote for the Labour candidate in any election (with the exception of 1997) since 1979.
In 2015, incumbent MP Martin Caton stood down, and the new Labour candidate Liz Evans was defeated by the Conservative Byron Davies by 27 votes, less than 0.1% of votes cast, which made it the most marginal Conservative seat going into the next election. Davies' victory brought 105 consecutive years of Labour representation to an end, but Labour won the seat back in the 2017 general election with a majority of 3,269, slightly larger than Caton's final majority in 2010.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Plaid Cymru||Harri Roberts||1,669||3.7||−3.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Howard W. Evans||931||2.0||−1.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-3.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Darren Thomas||3,051||7.1||+0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Sheehan||1,552||3.6||−15.4|
|Monster Raving Loony||Baron Barnes Von Claptrap||253||0.6||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Day||7,947||19.1||+0.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Darren Price||2,760||6.6||−1.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Tregoning||7,291||18.4||+6.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Sian Caiach||3,089||7.8||−2.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Sheila Waye||4,507||12.1||−0.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Siân Caiach||3,865||10.3||+5.2|
|Socialist Labour||Darran Hickery||417||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Howard W. Evans||5,624||13.0||+3.0|
|Plaid Cymru||D. Elwyn Williams||2,226||5.1||+1.6|
|Referendum||Richard D. Lewis||1,745||4.0||N/A|
|Independent||Anthony G. Popham||122||0.3||N/A|
|Conservative||Anthony L. Donnelly||16,437||35.1||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Christopher G. Davies||4,655||9.9||−6.2|
|Plaid Cymru||Adam Price||1,639||3.5||+0.7|
|Raving Loony Green Giant Party||Gerry P. Egan||114||0.2||N/A|
|Natural Law||Michael S. Beresford||74||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||David Elliott||7,645||16.1||-7.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Edwards||1,341||2.8||−0.4|
|Conservative||A R T Kenyon||15,767||35.3||+4.75|
|Social Democratic||Gwynoro Jones||10,416||23.4||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||N Williams||1,444||3.2||-3.96|
|Social Democratic||Gwynoro Jones||9,875||25.12||+16.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Ieuan Owen||3,431||8.73||+1.6|
|Computer Democrat||John Donovan||125||0.32||N/A|
|Civil Rights/Welsh Political Prisoner||David Burns||103||0.26||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Plaid Cymru||E Thomas||3,357||7.16||-2.83|
|Plaid Cymru||M Powell||4,369||9.99||+1.70|
|Plaid Cymru||JN Harris||3,741||8.29||-5.75|
|Conservative||Michael J Carter||9,435||22.58||-0.76|
|Plaid Cymru||Clifford G Davies||5,869||14.04||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||David RO Lewis||8,852||22.84||+0.38|
|National Liberal and Conservative||J Huw P Griffiths||8,822||22.46||-1.52|
|Plaid Cymru||J. Gwyn Griffiths||2,562||6.52||-2.61|
Elections in the 1950s
|National Liberal and Conservative||Michael Heseltine||9,837||23.98||+2.87|
|Plaid Cymru||J. Gwyn Griffiths||3,744||9.13||-1.51|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||26,304||68.25||-7.68|
|National Liberal and Conservative||B Gwyther Jones||8,135||21.11||-2.94|
|Plaid Cymru||Chris Rees||4,101||10.64||N/A|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||32,661||75.93||-0.20|
|National Liberal and Conservative||Rowe Harding||10,351||24.07||-0.20|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||32,564||76.13||+7.64|
|National Liberal and Conservative||Rowe Harding||10,208||23.87||-7.64|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||30,676||68.49||+1.69|
|Liberal National||John Aeron-Thomas||14,115||31.51||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||25,632||66.80||+13.39|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||21,963||53.41||-0.49|
|Liberal||Edgar Rees Jones||19,157||46.59||+17.69|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||20,664||54.0||-3.2|
|Liberal||Frederick William Davies||11,055||28.9||N/A|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||15,374||57.2||-1.9|
|Unionist||Ernest Thomas Nethercoat||11,516||42.8||N/A|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||14,771||59.1||+4.9|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||13,388||54.2||-0.6|
|Liberal||Frederick William Davies||11,302||45.8||+0.6|
|Labour||David Rhys Grenfell||13,296||57.5||+2.7|
|Coalition Liberal||D.H. Williams||9,841||42.5||-2.7|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||D H Williams||8,353||45.2||+0.0|
General Election 1914/15:
A General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative||Percy Reginald Owen Abel Simner||2,532||21.4||+4.2|
|Labour gain from Independent Liberal-Labour||Swing||+15.8|
Elections in the 1900s
|Independent Lib-Lab||John Williams||4,841||42.8||N/A|
|Independent Lib-Lab gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||John Hodge||3,853||47.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Charles Henry Glascodyne||2,256||27.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Frank Ash Yeo||Unopposed|
|Liberal||Frank Ash Yeo||5,560||72.6||N/A|
|Conservative||Henry Nathaniel Miers||2,103||27.4||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
- A map of Glamorganshire in 1885, showing its new divisions.
- Gower (Assembly constituency)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in West Glamorgan
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Wales
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS – Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Morgan 1960, p. 9.
- Rees, Ivor Thomas (Autumn 2004). "Whatever happened to young William?". Gwent Local History. 97: 58–66.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)
- "Statement of Persons Nominated & Notice of Poll" (PDF). City and County of Swansea Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Gower Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Swansea results". Results – UK Parliamentary general election 2015. City and County of Swansea. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Gower BBC Election – Gower
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Etholiadau'r ganrif 1885–1997, Beti Jones
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Yorkshire Evening Post 2 May 1914
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
Books and journals
- Morgan, Kenneth O. (1960). "Democratic Politics in Glamorgan, 1884–1914". Morgannwg. 4: 5–27.
- Morgan, Kenneth O (1991). Wales in British Politics 1868–1922 (3rd ed.). Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0708311245.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report
- A Vision Of Britain Through Time (Constituency elector numbers)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Father of the House