Goyang

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Goyang
고양시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationGoyang-si
 • McCune-ReischauerKoyang-si
Goyang montage.JPG
Flag of Goyang
Official logo of Goyang
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
ProvinceGyeonggi
RegionSudogwon
Administrative divisions3 gu, 39 dong
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorLee Dong-hwan (People Power)
 • CouncilGoyang City Council
Area
 • Total286.1 km2 (110.5 sq mi)
Population
 (October, 2022)
 • Total1,074,784
 • Density3,800/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Seoul
street view of Goyang

Goyang (Goyang-si; Korean pronunciation: [ko.jaŋ]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province in the north of South Korea. It is part of the Seoul Capital Area, making Goyang one of Seoul's satellite cities. It is one of the largest cities in the Seoul Capital Area, with a population of just over 1 million. Ilsan, a planned city, is located in the Ilsandong-gu and Ilsanseo-gu districts of Goyang. It also includes Deogyang-gu which is closer to Seoul.

Several institutions of higher learning are located in Goyang. These include Agricultural Cooperative College, Korea Aerospace University, and Transnational Law and Business University.

Notable places[edit]

Historic remains

Exhibitions

  • Goyang Aram Nuri Arts Center
  • Goyang Oulim Nuri Arts Center
  • KINTEX
  • Aerospace Museum
  • Baedari Korean Traditional Wine Museum
  • Theme Zoo Park "Zoo Zoo"
  • Cultural Center and Museum of Latin America
  • Nongshim Theme Park
  • Hyundai Motor Studio Goyang
  • Hanhwa Aqua Planet aquarium

Entertainment and shopping

Leisure

  • Bukhan Mountain
  • Jeongbal Mountain
  • Go Bong Mountain
  • Lake Park
  • Goyang Sports Complex

Regular festivals[edit]

  • Haengjusanseong Fortress Sun Rise Festival

On New Year's Day each year, a splendid festival is thrown at Haengju Sanseong to welcome the New Year's Day sunrise.

Time: 5:00-9:00 AM on New Year's Day each year Place: The top of the mountain where Haengju Sanseong sits.

  • The Great Battle of Haengju Festival

The event is held to commemorate an important victory in Korean history (14 March) at Haengju Sanseong. Elementary school kids and their parents from the neighborhood can watch memorial services for patriotic martyrs of the nation and learn about the history of Haengju Sanseong.

Time: 10 AM on 14 March each year Place: Chungjang Shrine at Haengju Sanseoeng

Floricultural industry sprang up in the early 1970s fostering flower culture in Korea. Goyang became one of the most famous cities for its floricultural industry and its flower show grew into a horticultural event representing Korea and a venue for trading among participants at home and from abroad.

-Time: early April each year -Place: Areas surrounding Ilsan Lake Park

  • Goyang Lake Art Festival

The event is free-style arts festival held at various locations around the Lake Park. Imagination and wits of artists getting out of the constraints imposed by stages fill the streets with vigor and romantic mood. Various performing arts including jazz, mime, dance, drama and installation arts decking out the venue with colorful decorations to add glamour, passionate performance by famous theatrical companies from around the world and fancy fireworks all let the cheerful spectators enjoy the excitement thrown by the festival.

Time: October each year Place: locations around the Lake Park

Geography[edit]

Ilsan New Town vaguely comes to mind, but in reality, the eastern boundary is Bukhansan, the western boundary is the Han River, and the city area itself is large and has various geographical features. However, Bukhansan is a region protruding to the east, and the eastern end of the border with Seoul is actually a hilly area connecting Mt. Aengbong and Mt. Bongsan. Across the Han River to the west is the city of Gimpo.

At the time of the expansion of Seoul, the eastern area was given to Seoul, but Bukhansan was guided, so if you look closely at the administrative divisions on the map, it looks like a kitchen knife or a stake. Bukhansan Mountain is clearly visible from the vicinity of Jichuk, and surprisingly, if you drive along the freeway from the middle floor of an apartment building in Ilsan New Town [10] or even from the side of Isanpo, you can see Bukhansan Mountain in the distance. You can roughly estimate the weather on that day by whether you can see it well or not.

Climate[edit]

Goyang has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen: Dwa) with cold, dry winters and hot, rainy summers.

Climate data for Goyang (1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
5.6
(42.1)
11.7
(53.1)
18.6
(65.5)
24.5
(76.1)
28.6
(83.5)
29.7
(85.5)
30.9
(87.6)
27.0
(80.6)
20.8
(69.4)
12.3
(54.1)
4.1
(39.4)
18.0
(64.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.2
(41.4)
11.8
(53.2)
17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
24.8
(76.6)
25.4
(77.7)
20.8
(69.4)
13.8
(56.8)
6.3
(43.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
11.9
(53.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.8
(16.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.5
(41.9)
11.3
(52.3)
16.7
(62.1)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
15.6
(60.1)
7.8
(46.0)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
6.6
(43.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.9
(0.43)
20.2
(0.80)
23.5
(0.93)
58.6
(2.31)
87.3
(3.44)
107.7
(4.24)
359.3
(14.15)
274.1
(10.79)
117.1
(4.61)
44.9
(1.77)
38.9
(1.53)
13.9
(0.55)
1,156.4
(45.53)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.5 2.8 4.1 6.6 7.2 7.6 12.9 11.2 6.5 5.0 6.3 3.9 76.6
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[1][2][3]

Sports[edit]

The ice hockey team High1, based in Chuncheon, played its home Asia League Ice Hockey matches at the Goyang Ice Rink until 2019, when the team withdrew from the league.[4]

Former association football teams in Goyang include Goyang KB Kookmin Bank FC and Goyang Zaicro FC. Currently, there is the K4 League association football team Goyang Citizen FC.

The Korean Basketball League team Goyang Carrot Jumpers is also based in the city.

Transport[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Bike sharing[edit]

Goyang is served by a bike sharing system called Fifteen (KR:피프틴) which stands at around 3,000.

Railroads[edit]

Subway

Commuter Rail

High Speed Railways

Buses[edit]

Bus stops on Goyang Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)

  • Daehwa Station
  • Ilsanseo-gu office, Paik Hospital
  • Ilsandong-gu office
  • Daegok Station
  • Haengsin dong
  • Deogeun dong

Types of buses

  • Yellow bus: connects nearby
  • Green and Blue bus: connects cities

and districts.

  • Red Bus: express one, goes a wide area.
  • M bus: more express one, goes a wide area, but not included in G bus and Seoul bus

Bus Terminals

  • Hwajeong terminal: located in Deogyang-gu
  • Goyang terminal: located in Ilsandong-gu
  • Wide-area transportation connecting Seoul and Paju, etc., is developed. Goyang Terminal and Hwajeong Terminal are in charge of intercity transportation, and those who need to use regular trains tend to go to Seoul Station or Yongsan Station. However, there is a station attached to the KTX depot, so some KTX trains stop.

Notable people from Goyang[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Goyang is twinned with:[5]

Friendship cities[edit]

Administrative districts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea (1991 ~ 2020)" (PDF) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  2. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 파일셋 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  3. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 그래프 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  4. ^ "High1 Home Arena". www.alhockey.com. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  5. ^ "자매결연도시". goyang.go.kr (in Korean). Goyang. Retrieved 2020-04-17.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°39′N 126°48′E / 37.650°N 126.800°E / 37.650; 126.800