Gräfenhainichen

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Gräfenhainichen
Church Sankt Marien
Church Sankt Marien
Coat of arms of Gräfenhainichen
Coat of arms
Location of Gräfenhainichen within Wittenberg district
Gräfenhainichen in WB.svg
Gräfenhainichen is located in Germany
Gräfenhainichen
Gräfenhainichen
Gräfenhainichen is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Gräfenhainichen
Gräfenhainichen
Coordinates: 51°43′N 12°26′E / 51.717°N 12.433°E / 51.717; 12.433Coordinates: 51°43′N 12°26′E / 51.717°N 12.433°E / 51.717; 12.433
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictWittenberg
Government
 • MayorEnrico Schilling (CDU)
Area
 • Total158.94 km2 (61.37 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[2]
 • Total11,821
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
06773
Dialling codes034953
Vehicle registrationWB, GHC, JE
Websitewww.graefenhainichen.de

About this soundGräfenhainichen  is a town in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

Location[edit]

The town was the seat of the offices of the administrative community (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft) of Tor zur Dübener Heide until it was disbanded in January 2011. It lies about 25 km southwest of Lutherstadt Wittenberg, southeast of Dessau and northeast of Bitterfeld on the edge of the Düben Heath.

Nearby lies the Gremminer See, a lake created as a result of the redevelopment of the former brown coal strip mine of Golpa-Nord, and on whose shore is found the Ferropolis ("Iron Town") industrial memorial, actually a museum dedicated to "industrial culture".

History[edit]

Gräfenhainichen had its first documentary mention in 1254. In 1454, Gräfenhainichen had its town rights reconfirmed after the old documents by which these were granted had been destroyed in a fire. In 1637, during the Thirty Years' War, the town was almost utterly destroyed by the Swedes. The year 1859 saw the dedication of the new railway line between Wittenberg and Bitterfeld. The town's advantageous location allowed industry to move into town. The first printing shop was set up in 1874; until 1990, there were still as many as four printing shops in Gräfenhainichen. By 1890, brown coal was being mined in Gräfenhainichen, first underground, and then in strip mines. In 1954, at which time the town was in East Germany, Gräfenhainichen became a district seat (Kreisstadt) for three towns and 27 communities. This lasted until 1994, four years after Reunification.

Coat of arms[edit]

The town's current civic arms were granted on 17 December 1993. The town's oldest known seal dates from 1477, and the current arms are based on this. The tower stands for the old fortified city and the inescutcheon with the lion rampant, being Meißen's arms, recalls that in 1377 the Counts of Meißen became the local overlords. Until 1993, Gräfenhainichen's coat of arms was of a similar design, but with the heraldic elements arranged slightly differently, and with different colours. The old arms were predominantly red.[1]

Mayors[edit]

  • 2001-2015: Harry Rüßbült (The Left)
  • Since 2015: Enrico Schilling (CDU).[3] [4]

Town partnerships[edit]

Gräfenhainichen maintains partnerships with the following towns:

Transportation[edit]

Gräfenhainichen lies on the Bundesstraße federal highway, B 107, running from Bad Düben to Coswig, on the B 100 from Wittenberg to Bitterfeld, and on the Landesstraße (state road) L136 to Zschornewitz.

The Dessau-Ost interchange with the A9 autobahn (Munich - Berlin) is about 17 km away.

Gräfenhainichen's railway station lies on the Deutsche Bahn line between Wittenberg and Bitterfeld.

Personalities[edit]

Wilhelm Ohnesorge 1937 mid, with hat in his hand

Clubs[edit]

  • Anglerverein Gräfenhainichen e.V. von 1959 (angling club)
  • dashrecords e.V.
  • Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Club e.V.
  • Ferropolis Bergbau- u. Erlebnisbahn e.V Gräfenhainichen (Ferropolis Mining and Adventure Railway)
  • Ferropolis-Schule Gräfenhainichen Förderverein e.V. (Ferropolis School of Gräfenhainichen Development Club)
  • Gräfenhainicher Carneval Club e.V. von 1973

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2017" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German).
  3. ^ Ergebnis der Bürgermeisterwahl am 12. April 2015
  4. ^ CDU-Mann Enrico Schilling gewinnt. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung, 13. April 2015

External links[edit]