The town was first mentioned in 1363, but was at least since the late 12th century and was inhabited Slavic (the Röderaue has been inhabited since the 1st century). Erected in 1748 Elsterwerda-Grödel raft Channel, by a Bomätscher (Treidler, ship puller) powered waterway, formed the basis for the later industrialization. Graf Detlev Carl von Einsiedel bought 1779 Groditzer mill and founded at this location Gröditzer ironworks (Lauchhammer plant), in 1825, the foundation stone for the construction of a blast furnace, which was taken 1827 in operation.
On October 1, 1928, in the north of Groeditz neighboring village Reppis was incorporated. On 1 January 2013, the incorporation of the neighboring community Nauwalde, which had since 2000 a member of the Administrative Community Groeditz followed.
Egon Förster: Zwangsarbeiter in Gröditz 1939-1945. Gröditz 2004
Mathias Antusch: Zwangsarbeit im Stahlwerk Gröditz. Institut für Geschichte der Universität der Bundeswehr München, Neubiberg 2004, ISBN 978-3-638-59402-8
Cornelius Gurlitt: Gröditz. In: Beschreibende Darstellung der älteren Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Sachsen, 37. Volume: Amtshauptmannschaft Großenhain (Land). C. C. Meinhold, Dresden, 1914, p. 100.