|• Mayor||Jochen Reinicke|
|• Total||28.78 km2 (11.11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||95 m (312 ft)|
|• Density||260/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Gröditz is located on a 100 meter high plains that of the Röder is crossed. The city is located on the Saxon side of today's Saxon - Brandenburg border and the former Saxon - Prussian border. By Groeditz leads the Elsterwerda-Grödel raft Channel (Floßgraben) that for the supply of the Dresden-Meissen Elbe Valley with wood from the Schrade forest was created and later to a location-promoting compound of iron-processing plants Riesa, Groeditz and Lauchhammer was (1947 shipping set).
The town was first mentioned in 1363, but was at least since the late 12th century and was inhabited Slavic (the Röderaue has been inhabited since the 1st century). Erected in 1748 Elsterwerda-Grödel raft Channel, by a Bomätscher (Treidler, ship puller) powered waterway, formed the basis for the later industrialization. Graf Detlev Carl von Einsiedel bought 1779 Groditzer mill and founded at this location Gröditzer ironworks (Lauchhammer plant), in 1825, the foundation stone for the construction of a blast furnace, which was taken 1827 in operation.
During the World War II, there was a forced labor camp in the Lauchhammer works of the Central German steel plants of the Flick Group, in which 4000 prisoners of war, women and men from the countries occupied by Germany forced labor had to do in the gun production. Moreover, there was from October 1944 to April 1945 a Outdoor stock of Flossenbürg with more than 1000 concentration camp prisoners, including 300 Jews. The extremely inhumane living conditions led to the deaths of many forced laborers.
On October 5, 1967 Groeditz received city rights.
On October 1, 1928, in the north of Groeditz neighboring village Reppis was incorporated. On 1 January 2013, the incorporation of the neighboring community Nauwalde, which had since 2000 a member of the Administrative Community Groeditz followed.
Development of the population (2013):
- Evangelical Lutheran Church
- Roman Catholicism
- Methodist Church
- New Apostolic Church
- Evangelical Free Church congregation
- Apostelamt Jesu Christi
- Siegfried Richter (1922–2000), entrepreneur, man of charity, honored with the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and with the Order of Merit of Saxony
- Klaus Sammer (born 1942), former East Germany national football team player and trainer
- Dieter Riedel (born 1947), former East Germany national football team player and trainer
- Gottfried Sembdner, concert pianist
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Gröditz. Bilder erzählen; Gröditz 1993, 96 Seiten (115 Abb.) ISBN 3-89264-807-7
- Gröditz, Stadtplan 1:7.500; Städteverlag Fellbach 1999, ISBN 3-8164-5255-8
- Siegfried Richter Der Mutmacher. Ein Sachse kehrt heim; Gröditz (Selbstverlag) 1999;
- Gröditz. Topographische Karte 1:25.000; Landesvermessungsamt Brandenburg 1994, ISBN 3-7490-3303-X
- Paul Namyslik: "Chronik der Röderstadt Gröditz; Meißner Tageblatt Verlags GmbH 2005, 478 Seiten (329 Abb.), ISBN 3-929705-11-7
- Paul Namyslik: "Chronik der Röderstadt Gröditz 2005 bis 2010", ISBN 978-3-00-032776-6
- Infobroschüre der Stadt: „Gröditz - Sachsen“ (online als PDF-Datei; 5,8 MB)
- Egon Förster: Zwangsarbeiter in Gröditz 1939-1945. Gröditz 2004
- Mathias Antusch: Zwangsarbeit im Stahlwerk Gröditz. Institut für Geschichte der Universität der Bundeswehr München, Neubiberg 2004, ISBN 978-3-638-59402-8
- Cornelius Gurlitt: Gröditz. In: Beschreibende Darstellung der älteren Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Sachsen, 37. Volume: Amtshauptmannschaft Großenhain (Land). C. C. Meinhold, Dresden, 1914, p. 100.