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Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Gröditz
Coat of arms
Gröditz   is located in Germany
Coordinates: 51°25′0″N 13°27′59″E / 51.41667°N 13.46639°E / 51.41667; 13.46639Coordinates: 51°25′0″N 13°27′59″E / 51.41667°N 13.46639°E / 51.41667; 13.46639
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Meißen
 • Mayor Jochen Reinicke
 • Total 28.78 km2 (11.11 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 7,437
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 01609
Dialling codes 035263
Vehicle registration MEI

Gröditz is a town in the district Meißen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp was located here.[2] The town is located 12 km northeast of Riesa, and 7 km southwest of Elsterwerda.


Gröditz is located on a 100 meter high plains that of the Röder is crossed. The city is located on the Saxon side of today's Saxon - Brandenburg border and the former Saxon - Prussian border. By Groeditz leads the Elsterwerda-Grödel raft Channel (Floßgraben) that for the supply of the Dresden-Meissen Elbe Valley with wood from the Schrade forest was created and later to a location-promoting compound of iron-processing plants Riesa, Groeditz and Lauchhammer was (1947 shipping set).

Gröditz includes not only the core city's districts but also Nauwalde, Nieska, Reppis, Spansberg and Schweinfurth.


The town was first mentioned in 1363, but was at least since the late 12th century and was inhabited Slavic (the Röderaue has been inhabited since the 1st century). Erected in 1748 Elsterwerda-Grödel raft Channel, by a Bomätscher (Treidler, ship puller) powered waterway, formed the basis for the later industrialization. Graf Detlev Carl von Einsiedel bought 1779 Groditzer mill and founded at this location Gröditzer ironworks (Lauchhammer plant), in 1825, the foundation stone for the construction of a blast furnace, which was taken 1827 in operation.

During the World War II, there was a forced labor camp in the Lauchhammer works of the Central German steel plants of the Flick Group, in which 4000 prisoners of war, women and men from the countries occupied by Germany forced labor had to do in the gun production. Moreover, there was from October 1944 to April 1945 a Outdoor stock of Flossenbürg with more than 1000 concentration camp prisoners, including 300 Jews. The extremely inhumane living conditions led to the deaths of many forced laborers.

On October 5, 1967 Groeditz received city rights.

On 25 May 2009 the city was the Federal Government conferred title of "place of diversity".


On October 1, 1928, in the north of Groeditz neighboring village Reppis was incorporated. On 1 January 2013, the incorporation of the neighboring community Nauwalde, which had since 2000 a member of the Administrative Community Groeditz followed.

Population development[edit]

Development of the population (2013):

Year Residents
1682 0152
1836 0150
1848 0170
1871 0545
1890 0954
1900 1.469
1936 3.500
1945 4.303
Year Residents
1946 05.406
1968 08.100
1987 10.436
1990 10.059
1994 09.265
1998 08.878
2003 08.081
2007 07.534
Year Residents
2009 7.244
2011 6.970
2013 7.524


Famous people[edit]


  • Gröditz. Bilder erzählen; Gröditz 1993, 96 Seiten (115 Abb.) ISBN 3-89264-807-7
  • Gröditz, Stadtplan 1:7.500; Städteverlag Fellbach 1999, ISBN 3-8164-5255-8
  • Siegfried Richter Der Mutmacher. Ein Sachse kehrt heim; Gröditz (Selbstverlag) 1999;
  • Gröditz. Topographische Karte 1:25.000; Landesvermessungsamt Brandenburg 1994, ISBN 3-7490-3303-X
  • Paul Namyslik: "Chronik der Röderstadt Gröditz; Meißner Tageblatt Verlags GmbH 2005, 478 Seiten (329 Abb.), ISBN 3-929705-11-7
  • Paul Namyslik: "Chronik der Röderstadt Gröditz 2005 bis 2010", ISBN 978-3-00-032776-6
  • Infobroschüre der Stadt: „Gröditz - Sachsen“ (online als PDF-Datei; 5,8 MB)
  • Egon Förster: Zwangsarbeiter in Gröditz 1939-1945. Gröditz 2004
  • Mathias Antusch: Zwangsarbeit im Stahlwerk Gröditz. Institut für Geschichte der Universität der Bundeswehr München, Neubiberg 2004, ISBN 978-3-638-59402-8
  • Cornelius Gurlitt: Gröditz. In: Beschreibende Darstellung der älteren Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Sachsen, 37. Volume: Amtshauptmannschaft Großenhain (Land). C. C. Meinhold, Dresden, 1914, p. 100.