Gröna Lund

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Gröna Lund
Gröna Lund 2012.JPG
Gröna Lund in March 2012
Location Djurgården, Stockholm, Sweden
Coordinates 59°19′24″N 18°05′48″E / 59.32333°N 18.09667°E / 59.32333; 18.09667Coordinates: 59°19′24″N 18°05′48″E / 59.32333°N 18.09667°E / 59.32333; 18.09667
Owner Parks & Resorts Scandinavia AB
Operated by Gröna Lunds Tivoli AB
Opened 1883[1]
Visitors per annum 1,200,000 (2009)[1]
Rides
Total 31
Roller coasters 7
Website www.gronalund.com

Gröna Lund (IPA: [ˈɡrøːna ˈlɵnd]) is an amusement park in Stockholm, Sweden. It is on the seaward side of Djurgården Island. It is relatively small compared to other amusement parks, mainly because of its central location, which limits expansion. The 15 ac (6 ha) amusement park has over 30 attractions and is a popular venue for concerts in the summer. It was founded in 1883 by James Schultheiss.[1]

History[edit]

Gröna Lund's roots are in the 1880s, making it Sweden's oldest amusement park. However the area has been used for similar purposes since the early 1700s. In 1883, a German by the name of Jacob Schultheiss rented the area to erect "carousels and other amusements". Until 2001, descendants of Schultheiss ran Gröna Lund. Before the amusement park came into being, Gröna Lund was the name of a small park.

The park's location is quite unique in the sense that most of the buildings are old residential and commercial structures from the 19th century. The buildings were not built for the park; instead, the park was built around the buildings. The park has three different entertainment venues: Dansbanan (Lilla Scenen), Gröna Lundsteatern and Stora Scenen.

Gröna Lund features most attractions common to amusement parks, such as a tunnel of love, a funhouse and seven roller coasters. Gröna Lund is also known for its rock and pop music concerts; the capacity record is held by Bob Marley, who attracted 32,000 people in 1980;[2] it was his third performance at the venue, as he had having played in 1977 and 1978. The record is unbeatable since new regulations prevent such large audiences at Gröna Lund. American rapper Nas performed with almost 22,000 people in 2010.

The park is easily accessible by tram #7, bus #44 and by ferry from the city centre. The view of Stockholm from the park is quite impressive.

Since 2006, the park is owned by Parks & Resorts Scandinavia AB, which is wholly owned by the Tidstrand family, which also owns Kolmården Zoo and Skara Sommarland.

Rides[edit]

Roller coasters[edit]

Name Type Opening year Manufacturer Additional information
Nyckelpigan steel-sit down 1976 Zierer Reaches a speed of 26 km/h on a 60 m track and a height of 3 m. Tivoli small model, train 2x5.
Jetline steel-sit down 1988 Anton Schwarzkopf Reaches a speed of 90 km/h on an 800 m track and a height of 30 m, height limit 1,4m. Designed by Ing-Buro Stengel, train 2x7. Rebuilt in 2000 by Mauer Söhne.
Vilda Musen steel-sit down 2003 Gerstlauer Reaches a speed of 55 km/h on a 430 m track and a height of 21 m, height limit 1.1 m. Bobsled model, car 2+2.
Kvasten steel-Inverted 2007 Vekoma Reaches a speed of 55 km/h on a 400 m track and a height of 20 m, height limit 1.1 m. Suspended family coaster, train 2x10.
Insane 4th Dimension roller coaster 2009 Intamin Reaches a speed of 60 km/h on a 250 m track and a height of 35 m, height limit 1.4 m. Zacspin ball coaster, winged car 2+2x4.
Tuff-Tuff Tåget steel-sit down 2010 Zamperla Reaches a speed of 8 km/h on an 80 m track and a height of 3 m. Mini mouse model, train 2x8.
Twister wooden-sit down 2011 The Gravity Group Reaches a speed of 61 km/h on a 480 m track and a height of 15 m, height limit 1.2 m, train 2x6.

Other rides[edit]

  • Eclipse - 121.9 m tall swing ride, opened in 2013, height limit 1.2 m. Funtime.
  • Blue Train - dark ride that opened in 1935, refurbished in 1982 and again in 2011. Magnus Sörman, Gosetto (2011 refurbishments).
  • Chain Flyer - wave swinger, opened in 1997, height limit 1.1 m. Zierer.
  • Extreme - giant spin, opened in 1999, moved in 2013, height limit 1.4 m. Mondial.
  • Flying Carpet - carpet ride, opened in 1983; height limit 1.2 m. Zierer.
  • Fritt Fall Tilt - 80 m tall tilting drop tower, opened in 1998, the "tilt " function introduced in 2004, height limit 1.4 m. Intamin.
  • House of Nightmares - spooky haunted house, opened in 2015. Sally Corporation.
  • Katapulten - 55 m tall launch tower; height limit 1,4m. S&S Worldwide.
  • Kärlekstunneln - tunnel of love.
  • Lantern - spinning tower ride, opened in 2008, height limit 1.1 m. Zierer.
  • Octopus - octopus spinner, opened in 2000, height limit 1.1 m. Anton Schwarzkopf.
  • Pop Expressen - breakdance spinner, opened in 1996; height limit 1.4 m. Huss.
  • Radiobilen - bumper cars, opened in 1968, height limit 1.2 m. Reverchon.
  • Rock Jet - rotator, opened in 1976, height limit none /1.1 m alone. Reverchon

Kiddie rides[edit]

  • Circus Carousel - merry go round, opened in 1883.
  • Flying Elephants - fly the elephants ride, opened in 1983. Zamperla.
  • Fun House - indoor obstacle house, opened in 1883. Gröna Lund, rebuilt in 1986 by Zierer
  • Kuling - rocking tug, opened in 2005. Zamperla.
  • Little Paris Wheel - mini Ferris wheel, opened in 1993. Zamperla.
  • Mini Bumper Cars - kiddie bumper cars, opened in 2003. Bertazzon.
  • Mirror House - classic mirror maze, opened in 1935.
  • Pettson and Findus World - walkthrough and play area, opened in 2003. Gröna Lund.
  • Tea Cups - spinning tea cups, opened in 2008. Mack Rides.
  • Tunnel of Love - classic dark ride for kids, opened in 1917 and refurbished in 1986. Gröna Lund
  • Veteran Cars - on track cars.
  • Arcade Games - arcade games and test-your-skill games.

Special events[edit]

The park hosts various special events throughout the season, particularly music concerts.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gröna Lund". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 5 August 2010.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Fogerty drog rekordpublik till Grönan" (PDF) (Press release) (in Swedish). Tivoli Gröna Lund. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 

External links[edit]