This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Norwegian. (September 2012) Click [show] for important translation instructions.
|• Total||4.75 km2 (1.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||13,142/km2 (34,040/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-030102|
Grünerløkka is a borough of the city of Oslo, Norway. Grünerløkka became part of the city of Oslo (then Christiania) in 1858. Grünerløkka was traditionally a working class district; however, since the late 20th century the area has increasingly undergone gentrification. Although it is located in the East End, it is more expensive than other parts of the East End.
The first element was derived from the surname Grüner. The last element is the definite form of løkke, meaning "paddock".
Grünerløkka was named after Friedrich Grüner (1628-1674) who served as chief administrator (Oberhauptmann) and the master of the mint (myntmester) at Christiania from 1651 until his death in 1674. Grüner purchased the Kings Mill (Kongens mølle) and surrounding acreage in the area from King Christian V of Denmark in 1672.
Thorvald Meyer (1818–1909) bought parts of the Grünerløkka area in 1861. The industrialist built the main street of Grünerløkka, now named Thorvald Meyers gate. During the 19th century, Grünerløkka became a working-class area. Several factories were placed here because of the advantages of being located close to the Akerselva River. Christiania Seildugsfabrikk from 1856 and Aktieselskapet Herkules from 1898 were two of the factories established.
Grünerløkka is located with the parish of Paulus Church (Paulus kirke). In 1866, Paulus parish had a total population of 13,600. By 1900, the parish population had risen to 22,000. At that time, only five streets in Oslo had a population above 3000. Of these, three were located in Grünerløkka: Markveien, Thorvald Meyers gate and Toftes gate. In 1864, a square meter had been priced at about 30 Norwegian shilling Active selling of property started in 1865. However, even as Thorvald Meyer offered low-priced land, almost no one bought any of it until after 1868.
The park square called Olaf Ryes plass has its name from Norwegian-Danish General Olaf Rye (1791–1849). It was an open field well into the 1880s. The property was bought by Oslo kommune from members of the Grüner family in 1883. A narrow diagonal street was built which led from Markveien to Thorvald Meyers gate. It had a stopping spot for horses and carriages at the middle point. This section is now a pedestrian park square. The district's previous logo showed Mangelsgården, a listed building in Storgata 36 that is part of Prinds Christian Augusts Minde. From 2019, the district has used a common logo for Oslo.
As a borough of Oslo, Grünerløkka is governed by the city council of Oslo as well as its own borough council. The council leader is Geir Jensen from the Green Party and the deputy leader is Vemund Rundberget, of the Labour Party. The Green Party has the most seats. The 15 seats are distributed among the following political parties for the 2019-2023 term:
- 4 from the Green Party (Miljøpartiet de Grønne)
- 3 from the Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)
- 3 from the Conservative Party (Høyre)
- 2 from the Red Party (Rødt)
- 2 from the Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)
- 1 from the Liberal Party (Venstre)
The neighbourhood has its own sports club, Grüner, which was founded in 1914 with ice hockey and football as the most important activities. Grüner Fotball plays its home games at Dælenenga idrettspark and currently is part of the third division of the Norwegian football system. The ice hockey team plays the home games at Grünerhallen.
- Sportsklubben av 1909
- Alexander Kiellands plass (Oslo)
- Åmodt bro
- Foss Brewery
- Foss videregående skole
- Frydenberg[disambiguation needed]
- Kulturkirken Jakob
- Kunsthøgskolen i Oslo
- Olaf Ryes plass
- Qadis[disambiguation needed]
- Paulus kirke
- Prinds Christian Augusts Minde
- Ring 2
- Sagene ring
- Schou Brewery
- Sofienberg kirke
- Sofienberg Park
The park at Olaf Ryes plass
- ^ Municipality of Oslo (2020). "Befolkningen etter bydel, kjønn og aldersgrupper 1.1.2020" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- ^ Knut Are Tvedt. "Grünerløkka – boligstrøk i Oslo". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- ^ Erik O. Paulsen. "Friedrich Grüner". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- ^ Else Boye. "Thorvald Meyer". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- ^ "Paulus kirke". Kulturminnesøk. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- ^ "I fjor strømmet protestene inn – nå har Oslo fått ny logo". Dagsavisen (in Norwegian). 2019-03-28. Retrieved 2023-05-30.
- ^ "Valgresultater valg til bydelsutvalg 2019". Oslo kommune (in Norwegian). 5 September 2019. Retrieved 2020-05-23.
- Tvedt, Knut Are, ed (2000). "Grünerløkka" in Oslo byleksikon (Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. 4th ed. pp. 170–171) ISBN 82-573-0815-3
- Grünerløkka, official website (City of Oslo) (in Norwegian)
- Guide to Grünerløkka visitoslo.com (in English)
- Munch's Grünerløkka