Grażyna is an 1823 narrative poem by Adam Mickiewicz, written in the summer of 1822 during a year-long sabbatical in Vilnius, while away from his teaching duties in Kowno (present day Kaunas). Probably his first notable work.
The poem describes the exploits of a mythicalLithuanian chieftainess Grażyna against the forces of the medieval Order of the Teutonic Knights. The woman character is believed to have been based on Mickiewicz's own sweetheart from Kowno, Karolina Kowalska. The name was originally conceived by Mickiewicz himself, having used the root of the Lithuanian adjectivegražus, meaning "beautiful".