Crunican circa 2015
|General Manager of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system|
|Assumed office |
August 31, 2011
|Preceded by||Dorothy Dugger (2007 – 2011)|
|Director, Oregon Department of Transportation|
May 1996 – February 2001
|Deputy Administrator of the Federal Transit Administration|
|Born||1955 (age 63–64)|
Beaverton, Oregon, U.S.
Grace Crunican (born 1955) is a mass transportation specialist currently serving as General Manager of the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District. She had previously worked for the Oregon Department of Transportation, the Federal Transit Administration (under the Clinton administration), and the Seattle Department of Transportation, and also at the mass transit lobbying organization called the Surface Transportation Policy Project.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 2.1 Early career
- 2.2 Surface Transportation Policy Project
- 2.3 Federal Transit Administration (under President Bill Clinton) (1993–1996)
- 2.4 Oregon Department of Transportation (May 1996 – February 2001)
- 2.5 Seattle Department of Transportation (2002–2009)
- 2.6 Hiatus (2010 and half of 2011)
- 2.7 Bay Area Rapid Transit (August 31, 2011 – present)
- 3 Personal life
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Early life and education
Her first transportation-related appointment was in 1979 to the Presidential Management Intern Program (now Presidential Management Fellows Program) for the U.S. Department of Transportation. She then served as a Professional Staffer for the Senate Transportation Appropriations Subcommittee. Among other things, she managed TriMet's request for a vintage trolley and downtown street additions in the Portland metropolitan area, Oregon.
Crunican then went on to become Deputy Director and Capitol Project Manager at the Portland Bureau of Transportation, where she is credited with increasing dedicated transportation funding from 23% to 55%.
Surface Transportation Policy Project
After working at the Portland Bureau of Transportation, Crunican became the Director of the Surface Transportation Policy Project, a nonprofit coalition dedicated to implementing the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
Federal Transit Administration (under President Bill Clinton) (1993–1996)
Crunican served as Deputy Administrator at the Federal Transit Administration (united the United States Department of Transportation) from 1993 to 1996, under the presidency of Bill Clinton. While in that role, Crunican negotiated 13 New Start Rail projects worth $3 billion. She also testified twice to the Railroad Safety Committee while in the role.
Oregon Department of Transportation (May 1996 – February 2001)
In 1999, as ODOT Director, Crunican ordered the formation of "Project Time Team" to cut turnaround time for highway construction projects to 18 months between acceptance of project by city/county and release of advertising for contractor bids.
Crunican announced her resignation abruptly in January 2001. Her salary at the time of resignation was $118,000. Crunican's resignation came on the heels of two other state agency director resignations, but a spokesman for Governor John Kitzhaber said that the spate of resignations was coincidental and not part of a purge. Crunican's work was praised by Republican state representative Bruce Starr, of Aloha, who expressed surprise at her resignation, as well as by Gary George, the Senate Transportation Committee chairman who had previously been critical of ODOT. Her resignation was effective February 28, 2001.
Seattle Department of Transportation (2002–2009)
Crunican began serving as the Director of the Seattle Department of Transportation (serving the Seattle metropolitan area) in 2002, becoming the second person to serve in that role. The Seattle Department of Transportation had been created in 1997 with the name Seattle Transportation Department, and Crunican replaced outgoing director Daryl Grigsby. While there, Crunican implemented Bridging the Gap (a transportation maintenance levy) and the Transit Master Plan (Seattle Connections, Bike Master Plan, Freight Mobility Strategic Plan, and Pedestrian Master Plan), the latter with the goal of helping Seattle achieve the U.S. Kyoto Protocol goals.
In 2008, due to a series of heavy snowstorms, Seattle's transportation was paralyzed for a few days, and Crunican's inadequate response to the snowstorm was criticized. Among other things, her decision to use sand instead of salt to clear out the accumulated snow (to limit environmental damage to the Bay) was implicated as a reason for the snow not being cleared out quickly enough. Crunican was also criticized for going on vacation while the snow had not cleared out, and for failing to take responsibility and lacking a customer service mindset.
Despite considerable dissatisfaction at Crunican, Mayor Greg Nickels refused to fire her, citing her overall positive track record including her work on Bridging the Gap, a sentiment echoed by other Crunican supporters, and one he would continue to voice over the years. However, shortly after the mayor's job was turned over to Mike McGinn, Crunican announced on December 28, 2009 that she was resigning and would start her own consulting company.
Hiatus (2010 and half of 2011)
Bay Area Rapid Transit (August 31, 2011 – present)
On April 13, 2011, BART announced that General Manager Dorothy Dugger was quitting with extra compensation of $958,000 (severance of $600,000 and extra compensation of $350,000 for a smooth transition), and BART was beginning the search for a replacement. Dugger's last day at work would be April 22, 2011.
In early August, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that BART had almost finalized on Grace Crunican as the General Manager. Board member Lynette Sweet said that during the interview, Crunican impressed the board by identifying things that the board was doing wrong. Of the board directors, only one, James Fang, voted against her, saying he was unsure whether she knew enough about BART.
Crunican's first major challenge was labor union strikes as well as deaths that occurred on the tracks due to a train run by a substitute worker during the strikes. Crunican pushed back against union demands noting that the money comes from fares and taxpayers, whose interests also need to be protected, but she received criticism for excessive executive compensation.
Crunican oversaw replacement of the BART train seats to vinyl ones that were more hygienic and easy to clean, and the award of a contract to Bombardier Transportation in 2012 for the delivery of new train cars. During her tenure, BART opened the Oakland International Airport station and Warm Springs/South Fremont station.
One of the factors in deciding to hire Crunican was her skill at securing external grants and other funding, later validated by her subsequent success at getting Metropolitan Transportation Commission funding for the BART train car upgrade, and the passage of Measure RR, giving BART $3.5 billion in infrastructure funds.
- B. R. Stokes, General Manager of BART from 1963 to 1974
- "General Manager". Bay Area Rapid Transit. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Grace Crunican is selected as BART's new General Manager". Bay Area Rapid Transit. August 31, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Matier & Ross (August 3, 2011). "Grace Crunican in line for post of BART manager". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Burnson, Robert (October 2, 2014). "BART's No-Nonsense GM Grace Crunican. She handles strikes, deaths on the tracks, and nine bosses to run the aging train system as best she can. Has BART entered a new era?". Alameda Magazine. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Grace Crunican officially named new BART general manager". San Francisco Examiner. August 31, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Marcus Sanders Crunican [obituary]". The Oregonian. June 26, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Marinucci, Carla (July 3, 2013). "BART GM weighing needs of riders, workers". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Seattle transportation director Crunican resigns". The Seattle Times. December 28, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Grace Crunican". SPUR. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Making History: 45 Years of TriMet and Transit in the Portland Region" (PDF). TriMet. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Board Profile: Grace Crunican". Mineta National Transit Research Consortium. February 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "STPP Board of Directors: Remembering David Burwell". Surface Transportation Policy Partnership. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "BART names Crunican new GM". Progressive Railroading. September 1, 2011.
- "Grace Crunican". C-SPAN. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Secretary of State Audit Report Oregon Department of Transportation" (PDF). Oregon Secretary of State. October 12, 2001. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "ODOT director Crunican resigns". Albany Democrat-Herald. January 18, 2001. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "ODOT director issues surprise resignation announcement". Daily Journal of Commerce. Portland, Oregon. January 19, 2001. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Oregon on the Move: A history of Oregon's transportation systems" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Director, Department of Transportation, Seattle Municipal Archives". Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Barnett, Erica (December 3, 2009). "The Case for Grace". Seattle Metropolitan. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Seattle transportation chief's departure was expected". The Seattle Times. December 29, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Updates: SDOT announces director Grace Crunican is resigning". West Seattle Blog. December 28, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Brewster, David (December 3, 2009). "Is Grace Crunican heading back to Oregon?". Crosscut.com. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Are BART Executives Overpaid?". Beyond Chron. July 10, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "BART general manager resigns; search for new GM begins Thursday". Bay Area Rapid Transit. April 13, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Brooks, Jon (April 13, 2011). "BART General Manager Dorothy Dugger Resigns; Severance is $958,000". KQED. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Cabanatuan, Michael (April 13, 2011). "BART's Dugger quits with $1 million severance". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Gammon, Robert (November 20, 2013). "BART's General Manager Should Resign. The unraveling of the transit agency's contract deal with its unions is yet another example of why Grace Crunican is not qualified for her job". East Bay Express. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Hurd, Rick; Debolt, David (October 20, 2013). "National Transportation Safety Board takes over BART tragedy investigation". The Mercury News. San Jose, California. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- Dolan, Maura (October 21, 2013). "Trainee was operating BART train that struck workers, NTSB says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- pipsorcle (July 4, 2013). "BART General Manager Grace Crunican's Broken Promises - UPDATE: BART Service Restored For Now". DailyKos. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- "Delivery Plan: BART New Train Cars". Bay Area Rapid Transit. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- "Measure RR: BART Bond". SPUR Voter Guide. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- "Voters Approve Measure RR, $3.5 Billion BART Bond". KPIX-TV. November 9, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Kersten, David; Lack, Wendy (October 13, 2016). "Measure RR: $3.5 billion BART infrastructure bond". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 21, 2017.