The graceful prinia (Prinia gracilis) is a small warbler (in some older works it is referred to as graceful warbler). This prinia is a resident breeder in Northeast Africa (the Nile valley in particular) and southern Asia, from Egypt and Somalia east to Saudi Arabia, where it is sometimes called streaked wren-warbler.
This active passerine bird is typically found in shrub or tall grass in a variety of habitats with thick undergrowth, tamarisks or similar cover. Graceful prinia builds its nest in a bush or grass and lays 3-5 eggs.
These 10–11 cm long warblers have short rounded wings, and a long tapering tail with each feather tipped with black and white. In breeding plumage, adults are grey-brown above, with dark streaking. The underparts are whitish with buff flanks, and the bill is short and black.
The sexes are similar. In winter, adults are brighter sandy brown above with weaker streaking, there is more buff on the sides, and the bill is paler.
There are 7 subspecies.
The long tail is often cocked, and the flight of this species is weak. Like most warblers, graceful prinia is insectivorous. The call is a rolling trilled breep, and the song is a hard rolling repletion of zerlip.
- Prinia gracilis, graceful prinia, 7 subspecies:
- Prinia gracilis gracilis, R Nile from Egypt to S Sudan,
- Prinia gracilis deltae, R Nile delta to W Israel,
- Prinia gracilis palaestinae, Lebanon to NW Saudi Arabia,
- Prinia gracilis natronensis, Wadi Natron, N Egypt,
- Prinia gracilis carlo, Red Sea Coast from NE Sudan to Somalia,
- Prinia gracilis yemenensis, W Saudi Arabia, Yemen, S Oman,
- Prinia gracilis hufufae, Bahrain, NE Saudi Arabia;
- BirdLife International (2019). "Prinia gracilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T22713590A155532194. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T22713590A155532194.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
- Ali, Salim; J C Daniel (1983). The book of Indian Birds, Twelfth Centenary edition. New Delhi: Bombay Natural History Society/Oxford University Press.
- Alström et al. Ornithology 138, 1-23, DOI:10.1093/ornitholgy/ukab014
- "Species Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-06-18.