|Location||4001 N. Clark Street, Chicago, Illinois|
|Area||119 acres (48 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||00001628|
|Added to NRHP||January 18, 2001|
Graceland Cemetery is a large Victorian era cemetery located in the north side community area of Uptown, in the city of Chicago, Illinois, USA. Established in 1860, its main entrance is at the intersection of Clark Street and Irving Park Road. The Sheridan stop on the Red Line is the nearest CTA "L" station. Among the cemetery's 121 acres, are the burial sites of several well-known Chicagoans.
History and geography
In the 19th century, a train to the north suburbs occupied the eastern edge of the cemetery where the Chicago "L" train now runs. The line was also used to carry mourners to funerals, in specially rented funeral cars, requiring an entry on the east wall, now closed. At that point, the cemetery would have been well outside the city limits of Chicago. After the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, Lincoln Park which had been the city's cemetery, was deconsecrated and some of the bodies moved here. The edge of the pond around Daniel Burnham's burial island was once lined with broken headstones and coping transported from Lincoln Park. Lincoln Park then became a recreational area, with a single mausoleum remaining, the "Couch tomb", containing the remains of Ira Couch. The Couch Tomb is probably the oldest extant structure in the City, everything else having been destroyed by the Great Chicago Fire.
The cemetery is typical of those that reflect Queen Victoria's reconception of the early 19th century "graveyard". Instead of poorly maintained headstones, and bodies buried on top of each other, on an ungenerous parcel of land; the cemetery became a pastoral landscaped park dotted with memorial markers, with room left over for picnics, a common usage of cemeteries. The landscape architecture for Graceland was designed by Ossian Cole Simonds.
The cemetery's walls are topped off with wrought iron spear point fencing.
Notable tombs and monuments
Many of the cemetery's tombs are of great architectural or artistic interest, including the Getty Tomb, the Martin Ryerson Mausoleum (both designed by architect Louis Sullivan, who is also buried here), and the Schoenhofen Pyramid Mausoleum. The industrialist George Pullman was buried at night, in a lead-lined coffin within an elaborately reinforced steel-and-concrete vault, to prevent his body from being exhumed and desecrated by labor activists.
Along with its other famous burials the cemetery is notable for two statues by sculptor Lorado Taft, Eternal Silence for the Graves family plot and The Crusader that marks Victor Lawson's final resting place. The cemetery is also the final resting place of several victims of the tragic Iroquois Theater fire in which more than 600 people died.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- David Adler, architect
- Walter Webb Allport, dentist 
- John Peter Altgeld, Governor of Illinois
- Amabel Anderson Arnold, organized the Woman's State Bar Association of Missouri, the first association of women lawyers in the world
- Philip Danforth Armour, meat packing magnate
- Ernie Banks, Chicago Cubs Hall of Fame baseball player
- Frederic Clay Bartlett, artist, art collector
- Mary Hastings Bradley, author
- Lorenz Brentano, member of the State House of Representatives, United States consul at Dresden, Congressional Representative for Illinois
- Doug Buffone, Chicago Bears former linebacker, host WSCR
- Daniel H. Burnham, architect
- Fred A. Busse, mayor of Chicago
- Justin Butterfield, attorney, land grant developer
- Lydia Avery Coonley, author
- Oscar Stanton De Priest first African American in the 20th century to be elected to Congress.
- William Deering, founder of Deering Harvester Company, which later became International Harvester Company, father of James and Charles Deering
- James Deering, executive of Deering Harvester Company and original owner of the Villa Vizcaya estate
- Charles Deering, executive of Deering Harvester Company, former chairman of International Harvester Company, and philanthropist
- Augustus Dickens, brother of Charles Dickens (he died penniless in Chicago)
- George Elmslie, architect
- John Jacob Esher (1823–1901), Bishop of the Evangelical Association
- Marshall Field, businessman, retailer, whose memorial was designed by Henry Bacon, with sculpture by Daniel Chester French
- Bob Fitzsimmons, Heavyweight boxing champion, born in Cornwall, UK
- Melville Fuller, Chief Justice of the United States
- Elbert H. Gary, judge, chairman of U.S. Steel
- Bruce A. Goff, architect
- Sarah E. Goode, first African-American woman to receive a United States patent
- Bruce Graham, architect of John Hancock building and Sears Tower (now called the Willis Tower)
- Richard T. Greener, first black graduate of Harvard (1870), first black professor at the University of South Carolina (1873-1877), administrator for the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial, and diplomat to Russia 
- Marion Mahony Griffin, architect
- Carter Harrison, Sr., mayor of Chicago
- Carter Harrison, Jr., mayor of Chicago
- Herbert Hitchcock, US Senator from South Dakota
- William Holabird, architect
- Henry Honoré, businessman, father of Bertha Honoré Palmer, father-in-law of Potter Palmer
- William Hulbert, president of baseball's National League
- Charles L. Hutchinson, banker, philanthropist and founding president of the Art Institute of Chicago
- William Le Baron Jenney, architect, Father of the American skyscraper
- Elmer C Jensen, "The Dean of Chicago Architects"
- Jack Johnson, first African-American heavyweight boxing champion
- Fazlur Khan, structural engineer
- William Wallace Kimball, Kimball Piano and Organ Company
- John Kinzie, Canadian pioneer, early white settler in the city of Chicago
- Cornelius Krieghoff, well-known Canadian artist
- Bryan Lathrop, businessman, philanthropist, and longtime president of the cemetery
- Robert Henry Lawrence Jr., first African American astronaut (cremated at Graceland, but not physically buried there)
- Victor F. Lawson, editor and publisher of the Chicago Daily News
- Frank Lowden, Governor of Illinois
- Alexander C. McClurg, bookseller and Civil War general
- Cyrus McCormick, businessman, inventor
- Edith Rockefeller McCormick, Daughter-in-law of reaper inventor Cyrus McCormick
- Katherine Dexter McCormick, Daughter-in-law of reaper inventor Cyrus McCormick, MIT grad, biologist, suffragist, philanthropist
- Maryland Mathison Hooper McCormick, second wife of Col. Robert R. McCormick
- Nancy "Nettie" Fowler McCormick, businesswoman, philanthropist
- Joseph Medill, publisher, mayor of Chicago
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, architect
- László Moholy-Nagy, influential photographer, teacher, and founder of the New Bauhaus and Institute of Design IIT in Chicago
- Dawn Clark Netsch, comptroller of Illinois, professor & spouse of architect Walter Netsch
- Walter Netsch, architect
- Richard Nickel, photographer, architectural historian and preservationist
- Ruth Page, dancer and choreographer
- Bertha Honoré Palmer, philanthropist
- Francis W. Palmer, newspaper printer, U.S. Representative, Public Printer of the United States
- Potter Palmer, businessman
- Richard Peck, author
- Allan Pinkerton, detective
- George Pullman, inventor and railway industrialist
- Hermann Raster, politician and editor
- John Wellborn Root, architect
- Howard Van Doren Shaw, architect
- Washington Smith, pioneer wholesale grocer and philanthropist. The Washington and Jane Smith Home (now Smith Village) was named in his honor.
- Louis Sullivan, architect
- Charles Wacker, businessman and philanthropist, also director of the 1893 Columbian Exposition
- Kate Warne, first female detective, Allan Pinkerton employee
- Daniel Hale Williams, African-American surgeon who performed one of the first successful operations on the pericardium
- George Ellery Wood, lumber baron. His home, built in 1885, on 2801 S. Prairie Ave. in Chicago, IL is a historical landmark
Other cemeteries in the city of Chicago
Graceland is one of three large 19th century cemeteries which were previously well outside the city limits; the other two being Rosehill (further north), and Oak Woods (South of Hyde Park) which includes a major monument to Confederate civil war dead.
In addition, directly south of Graceland across Irving Park Road is the smaller German Protestant Wunder's Cemetery and Jewish Graceland Cemetery (divided by a fence), established in 1851. Also, the Roman Catholic, Saint Boniface Cemetery (1863), is four blocks north of Graceland at the corner of Clark and Lawrence.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Graceland Cemetery.|
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Graceland Cemetery and Arboretum". gracelandcemetery.org. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Graceland Cemetery". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org.
- Dabs. "Chicago Cemeteries". Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- Bannos, Pamela (2012). "The Couch Tomb — Hidden truths: Visualizing the City Cemetery". The Chicago Cemetery & Lincoln Park. Northwestern University. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- Lanctot, Barbara (1988). A Walk Through Graceland Cemetery. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Architectural Foundation. p. 2.
- "David Adler". David Adler Center for Music and Arts.
- Thorpe, Burton Lee (1910). Koch, Charles R. E., ed. History of Dental Surgery. III. Fort Wayne, IN: National Art Publishing Company.
- Rosenow, Michael (2015). Death and Dying in the Working Class, 1865-1920. University of Illinois Press. p. 49. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Spencer, Thomas E. (1998). Where They're Buried: A Directory Containing More Than Twenty Thousand Names of Notable Persons Buried in American Cemeteries, with Listings of Many Prominent People who Were Cremated. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 4. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- FOX. "'Mr. Cub' Ernie Banks laid to rest at Graceland Cemetery". fox32chicago.com. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- "Who in the Dickens is that?". Graceland Cemetery and Arboretum.
- "Brentano, Lorenzo,(1813-1891)".
- "Chicago Says Goodbye To Beloved Bear Doug Buffone". CBS Chicago. CBS Broadcasting Inc. April 24, 2015. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- "The Cemetery of Architects". Graceland Cemetery and Arboretum.
- "Mayor Fred A. Busse Biography". Chicago Public Library. Chicago Public Library. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Bannos, Pamela (2012). "Cemetery Lot Owners — Hidden truths: Visualizing the City Cemetery". The Chicago Cemetery & Lincoln Park. Northwestern University. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "Mrs. Lydia A. Coonley Ward, Author, Dies". Democrat and Chronicle. 1924-02-27. p. 1. Retrieved 2017-11-30 – via Newspapers.com.
- "DE PRIEST, Oscar Stanton - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
- "William Deering, born in Maine, 1826, died in Florida 1913". eBook from the library of the University of Illinois. 1914. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "J.J. Esher, Long a Bishop, Dead". Chicago Tribune. April 16, 1901. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "Monuments and their Makers". Graceland Cemetery and Arboretum.
- Wilson, Scott (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 245. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Zangs, Mary (2014). The Chicago 77: A Community Area Handbook. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- D C McJonathan-Swarm (16 Jul 2007). "Richard Theodore Greener, Find A Grave Memorial 20477831". Graceland Cemetery.
- "Mayor Carter Henry Harrison III Biography". Chicago Public Library. Chicago Public Library. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
- "Mayor Carter Henry Harrison IV Biography". Chicago Public Library. Chicago Public Library. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
- "Hitchcock, Herbert Emery, (1867-1958)". Biographical Directory of the United States of Congress.
- AIA Guide to Chicago. University of Illinois Press. May 15, 2014. p. 234. ISBN 0252096134.
- Kelder, Robert (January 25, 2005). "Visitors drawn to Jack Johnson's Grave". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- "Obituary". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. May 16, 1916.
- Matt Hucke and Ursula Bielski. Graveyards of Chicago. Lake Claremont Press, 1999. 21.
- "Lowden, Frank Orren(1861-1943)". Biographical Directory of the United States of Congress.
- "Maryland Mathison Hooper McCormick (1897–1985)". Cantigny. Retrieved on June 23, 2012.
- "Mayor Joseph Medill Biography". Chicago Public Library. Chicago Public Library. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- "Palmer, Francis Wayland, (1827-1907)". Biographical Directory of the United States of Congress.
- Shannon Maughan (May 24, 2018). "Obituary: Richard Peck". Publishers Weekly. PWxyz, LLC. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "Allan Pinkerton". National Park Service.
- Lanctot, Barbara (1988). A Walk Through Graceland Cemetery. Chicago: Chicago Architectural Foundation. pp. 14–15.
- Guyer, Isaac D. (1862). History of Chicago – Its Commercial and Manufacturing Interests and Industry. Chicago: Church, Goodman & Cushing, Book and Job Printers. pp. 96–7.
- "$1,000,000 Is Left for Old Folks' Home". Chicago Daily Tribune: 17. March 8, 1923.
- Lanctot. Barbara, ‘’A Walk Through Graceland Cemetery: A Chicago Architecture Foundation Walking Tour, A Chicago Architecture Foundation Walking Tour, Chicago, IL, 1992 p. 30
- "Public Figures and Private Eyes". Graceland Cemetery and Arboretum.
- "Daniel Hale Williams [1856-1931]". Northwestern University Library University Archives. Northwestern University. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "American Lumbermen, Chicago, IL 1906 p. 145".
- "Chicago's Mansions, Chicago, IL 2004".
- Hucke, Matt and Bielski, Ursula (1999) Graveyards of Chicago: the people, history, art, and lore of Cook County Cemeteries, Lake Claremont Press, Chicago
- Kiefer, Charles D., Achilles, Rolf, and Vogel, Neil A. "Graceland Cemetery" (pdf), National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, HAARGIS Database, Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, June 18, 2000, accessed October 8, 2011.
- Lanctot, Barbara (1988) A Walk Through Graceland Cemetery, Chicago Architectural Foundation, Chicago, Illinois
- Vernon, Christopher (2012) Graceland Cemetery: A Design History, University of Massachusetts Press