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|Nationality||Argentina / United States|
|Alma mater||University of California, Berkeley (PhD)|
|Known for||Carbon credit emissions trading (Kyoto Protocol)|
Topological theory of social choice
Transfer paradox in international development aid
|Fields||Environmental economics |
Welfare economics (Social choice)
Mathematics (Algebraic topology)
|Doctoral advisor||Jerrold E. Marsden (first Ph.D.)|
Gérard Debreu (second Ph.D.)
|Influences||Kenneth J. Arrow |
Geoffrey M. Heal
|Influenced||Geoffrey M. Heal|
Graciela Chichilnisky is an Argentine American mathematical economist and an authority on climate change, a professor of economics at Columbia University. She is also co-founder and current CEO of the company Global Thermostat.
Background and education
Chichilnisky was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants. After a military coup, the Argentine military violently closed scientific faculties at the University of Buenos Aires on July 29, and she left Argentina for the United States, Supported by a fellowship from the Ford Foundation,. Chichilnisky matriculated in the doctoral program in mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology although without an undergraduate degree; she moved to the University of California, Berkeley in 1968, and completed her Ph.D. in mathematics there in 1970, under the supervision of Jerrold E. Marsden. She earned a second Ph.D. in economics in 1976 under the supervision of Gérard Debreu.
After a postdoctoral position at Harvard University, she accepted a position as an associate professor at Columbia University in 1977, and received tenure there in 1979, and was named UNESCO Professor of Mathematics and Economics from 1995 to 2008. She also held a chair in economics at the University of Essex from 1980 to 1981, and has additionally been a visiting professor at other universities including at Stanford in 2017.
In 2010 Chichilnisky, together with Peter Eisenberger and Edgar Bronfman Jr.. formed Global Thermostat, a company that specializes in Direct air capture from a unit that extracts carbon dioxide directly from air.
Chichilnisky is the author of over 17 books and over 330 scientific research papers. She is best known for proposing and designing the carbon credit emissions trading market underlying the Kyoto Protocol which was international law since 2005, and was a lead author on the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that won the 2007 Nobel Prize.
In the theory of international trade, she constructed an example of a "transfer paradox", where a transfer of goods from a donor to a recipient can render the recipient worse off and the donor better off. She constructed examples where export-led growth strategies for developing countries could result in paradoxically poor results, because of increasing returns to scale in the technologies of the developed countries.
In welfare economics and voting theory, particularly in the specialty of social choice theory, Chichilnisky introduced a continuous model of collective decisions to which she applied algebraic topology; following her initiatives, continuous social choice has developed as an international subdiscipline. During the 1980s and 1990s some of Chichilnisky's research was done in collaboration with mathematical economist Geoffrey M. Heal, who has been her colleague at Essex and Columbia.
In 1994 Chichilnisky sued two other economics professors, accusing them of stealing her ideas. Chichilnisky was countersued and dropped her lawsuit. The subject matter of the controversy was described in contemporaneous news reports as "distinctly small-time stuff, at least according to most experts."  In 1991 and 2000 Chichilnisky sued her employer Columbia University alleging gender discrimination, pay inequality, and attempts by the university to dissolve her endowed chair. The latter suit was settled in 2008 under undisclosed terms; The New York Sun reported that Chichilnisky received $200,000. According to Columbia's spokesperson, "Chichilnisky signed a statement that her salary was not discriminatory".
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (1994). "North-South Trade and the Global Environment". The American Economic Review. 84 (4): 851–874. JSTOR 2118034.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (1996). "An axiomatic approach to sustainable development". Social Choice and Welfare. 13 (2): 231–257. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.321.9924. doi:10.1007/BF00183353. ISSN 0176-1714.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela; Heal, Geoffrey (February 1998). "Economic returns from the biosphere". Nature. 391 (6668): 629–630. doi:10.1038/35481. ISSN 0028-0836.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (2000). "An axiomatic approach to choice under uncertainty with catastrophic risks". Resource and Energy Economics. 22 (3): 221–231. doi:10.1016/s0928-7655(00)00032-4. ISSN 0928-7655.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (August 1980). "Social choice and the topology of spaces of preferences". Advances in Mathematics. 37 (2): 165–176. doi:10.1016/0001-8708(80)90032-8. ISSN 0001-8708.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela; Heal, Geoffrey (October 1983). "Necessary and sufficient conditions for a resolution of the social choice paradox". Journal of Economic Theory. 31 (1): 68–87. doi:10.1016/0022-0531(83)90021-2. ISSN 0022-0531.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela; Heal, Geoffrey (April 1994). "Who should abate carbon emissions?". Economics Letters. 44 (4): 443–449. doi:10.1016/0165-1765(94)90119-8. ISSN 0165-1765.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela; Heal, Geoffrey; Beltratti, Andrea (August 1995). "The Green Golden Rule". Economics Letters. 49 (2): 175–179. doi:10.1016/0165-1765(95)00662-y. ISSN 0165-1765.
- Beltratti, Andrea; Chichilnisky, Garciela; Heal, Geoffrey (December 1994). "The environment and the long run: a comparison of different criteria". Ricerche Economiche. 48 (4): 319–340. doi:10.1016/0035-5054(94)90011-6. ISSN 0035-5054.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela; Gruenwald, Paul F. (June 1995). "Existence of an optimal growth path with endogenous technical change". Economics Letters. 48 (3–4): 433–439. doi:10.1016/0165-1765(94)00594-r. ISSN 0165-1765.
- Beltratti, A., Chichilnisky, G. and Heal, G., 1998. Sustainable use of renewable resources. In Sustainability: Dynamics and Uncertainty (pp. 49–76). Springer Netherlands.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (1998). Mathematical economics. Volume One. E. Elgar Pub. ISBN 978-1-85898-260-1.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (1998). Mathematical Economics. Volume Two. E. Elgar Pub. ISBN 978-1-85898-260-1.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (1998). Mathematical Economics. Volume Three. E. Elgar Pub. ISBN 978-1-85898-260-1.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (2009). Saving Kyoto. New Holland Publisher (UK) Ltd. ISBN 978-1847734310.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (1998). Topology and Markets. American Mathematical Society. ISBN 9780821871300.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (2007). The Economics of the Global Environment: Catastrophic Risks in Theory and Policy. Springer International Publishing. ISBN 9783319319414.
- Chichilnisky, Graciela (2017). Encyclopaedia of Econometrics: Theory and Applications. Blackwells KOROS PRESS LTD. ISBN 978-1785694646.
- Oil and the International Economy (1991) ISBN 978-0198285175
- The Evolving International Economy (1987) ISBN 978-0521267168
- Sustainability, Dynamics and Uncertainty (1998) ISBN 978-9401060516
- Markets, Information and Uncertainty: Essays in Economic Theory in Honor of Kenneth J. Arrow (1999) ISBN 9780521553551
- Catastrophe or new society?: A Latin American world model (1976) ISBN 978-0889360839
- Development and Global Finance: The Case for an International Bank for Environmental Settlements (1997) ISBN 978-9211260649
- Environmental Markets: Equity and Efficiency (2000) ISBN 978-0231504478
- The Economics of Climate Change (2010) ISBN 978-1847207678
- Reversing Climate Change (2018) ISBN 978-9814719353
- Handbook on the Economics of Climate Change (2018) ISBN 978-0857939050
Awards and recognition
|Library resources about |
|By Graciela Chichilnisky|
- Curriculum vitae from Columbia University, May 2010, retrieved 2017-04-23.
- Faculty listing, Columbia Economics Department, retrieved 2017-04-23.
- "Global Thermostat".
- Fogg, Piper (October 17, 2003), "A Lone Woman Takes on Columbia", Chronicle of Higher Education.
- Chichilnisky's CV
- "Graciela Chichilnisky | SIEPR". siepr.stanford.edu. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- Siegle, Lucy (14 November 2010). "Graciela Chichilnisky's innovation: carbon capturing". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- Warsh, David (May 5, 1996), "A bitter battle illuminates an esoteric world", Boston Globe. Reprinted by the Chicago Tribune, May 6, 2006.
- Chichilnisky v. Columbia University, American Association of University Women, retrieved 2011-01-17.
- Strauss, Valerie (December 3, 2007), "Taking on the Economics of Gender Inequity", Washington Post.
- Goldberg, Ross (July 1, 2008), "Columbia, Prof. Reach Second Gender Dispute Settlement", New York Sun.
- "Graciela Chichilnisky Selected As 2015 CEO of the Year". Retrieved 2018-04-17.