Grade I listed buildings in West Somerset

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West Somerset is a local government district in the English county of Somerset. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade I structures are those considered to be "buildings of exceptional interest".[1] Listing was begun by a provision in the Town and Country Planning Act 1947. Once listed, severe restrictions are imposed on the modifications allowed to a building's structure or its fittings. In England, the authority for listing under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990[2] rests with Historic England, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport; local authorities have a responsibility to regulate and enforce the planning regulations.

The district of West Somerset covers a largely rural area, with a population, according to the 2001 census, of 35,075[3] in an area of 740 square kilometres (290 sq mi).[4] The largest centres of population are the coastal towns of Minehead and Watchet. The council's administrative headquarters are in the village of Williton.

There are 33 Grade I listed buildings in West Somerset. The oldest is either Culbone Church, one of the smallest churches in England,[5] and pre-Norman in origin,[6] or Tarr Steps, which may originate in the Bronze Age, although other sources date them from around 1400.[7] Dunster has the greatest concentration of Grade I listed buildings, including Dunster Castle, which was built in 1617 on a site which had supported a castle for the previous 600 years;[8] the Yarn Market, which was built in 1609;[9] Gallox Bridge, which dates from the 15th century[10] and the Priory Church of St George which is predominately from the 15th century but includes part of the earlier church on the same site.[11] Other sites include manor houses such as the medieval buildings at Nettlecombe Court[12] and Orchard Wyndham.[13] Somerset has many religious structures, most of which are from the Norman or medieval eras. Some of the churches are part of the Somerset towers, a collection mostly spireless Gothic church towers.

Buildings[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The date given is the date used by Historic England as significant for the initial building or that of an important part in the structure's description.
  2. ^ Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
  3. ^ The "List Entry Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building and scheduled monument by Historic England.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is a listed building?". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 8 December 2007. 
  2. ^ "Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (c. 9)". Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 17 December 2007. 
  3. ^ "Community and Living". West Somerset Council. Retrieved 23 April 2009. 
  4. ^ "West Somerset (Local Authority): Key Figures for Physical Environment". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "Parish Churches". Somerset County archives. Retrieved 24 October 2007. 
  6. ^ "Culbone church". Images of England. Retrieved 24 October 2007. 
  7. ^ "Tarr Steps". Everything Exmoor. Retrieved 23 April 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Historic England. "Dunster Castle and gatehouse (1057643)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Historic England. "Yarn Market (1173428)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Historic England. "Gallox Bridge (1296207)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Historic England. "Priory Church of St George (1057646)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Historic England. "Leonard Wills Field Centre (1173856)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  13. ^ a b Historic England. "Orchard Wyndham (1295578)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "All Saints Church (1057420)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "Bratton Court (1174996)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1296069)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1296005)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  18. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1345750)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  19. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (1295868)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  20. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (1057404)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  21. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Decuman (1057662)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Dubricius (1173524)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  23. ^ Historic England. "Church of St George (1057465)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  24. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1345731)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  25. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1057328)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  26. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1057500)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  27. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary Magdalene (1174169)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  28. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary the Virgin (1173837)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  29. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas (1263949)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  30. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas (1057311)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  31. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1248030)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  32. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Petrock (1057303)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  33. ^ Historic England. "Church of the Holy Ghost (1174327)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  34. ^ Historic England. "Cleeve Abbey (1057579)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  35. ^ Historic England. "Combe Sydenham (1057497)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  36. ^ Historic England. "Court House (1057409)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  37. ^ Historic England. "Crowcombe Court and attached stables to west (1345656)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  38. ^ Historic England. "Culbone Church (1058037)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  39. ^ Historic England. "Gatehouse and barn abutting west end at Bratton Court (1345727)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  40. ^ Historic England. "Tarr Steps (1247822)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 

External links[edit]