Gradeshnitsa tablets

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The face and the backside of a copy of the Gradeshnitsa tablet

The Gradeshnitsa tablets (Bulgarian: Плочката от Градешница) or plaques are clay artefacts with incised marks. They were unearthed in 1969 near the village of Gradeshnitsa in the Vratsa Province of north-western Bulgaria. Steven Fischer has written that "the current opinion is that these earliest Balkan symbols appear to comprise a decorative or emblematic inventory with no immediate relation to articulate speech." That is, they are neither logographs (whole-word signs depicting one object to be spoken aloud) nor phonographs (signs holding a purely phonetic or sound value)."[1] The tablets are dated to the 4th millennium BC and are currently preserved in the Vratsa Archeological Museum of Bulgaria.[2]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ivan Raikinski (ed.), Catalogue of the Vratsa Museum of History, 1990.


  1. ^ Fischer, Steven Roger (2003). History of Writing. Reaktion Books. p. 24. ISBN 9781861891679. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  2. ^ The Gradeshnitsa Tablets