Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Gradiška
Градишка
(Bosanska Gradiška)
Gradiška.jpg
Coat of arms of Gradiška
Coat of arms
Gradiška is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gradiška
Gradiška
Location of Gradiška
Coordinates: 45°08′N 17°15′E / 45.133°N 17.250°E / 45.133; 17.250
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Region Bosanska Krajina
Government
 • Mayor Zoran Adžić (SNSD)
Area
 • Total 761,74 km2 (29,411 sq mi)
Elevation 163 m (535 ft)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 51,727
 • Density 74,5/km2 (1,930/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 78400
Area code(s) +387 51
Website Official website of the municipality

Bosanska Gradiška (Serbian Cyrillic: Градишка)[1][2][3] is a town and municipality in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, part of the Republika Srpska entity. The municipality is geographically located in eastern Krajina region, and the town is situated on the Lijevče plain, on the right bank of the Sava river across from Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banja Luka.

History[edit]

In the Roman period, the municipium of Serbinum existed on the location of the present-day town. It was of strategic importance; a port of the Roman fleet was situated here. Among notable archaeological findings are a viaduct.

Gradiški Brod is mentioned for the first time as a town in c. 1330. It had a major importance as the location where the Sava river used to be crossed. By 1537, the town and its surroundings came under Ottoman rule.

The Ottoman built a fortress, which served as the Bosnia Eyalet's northern defense line. The town was also called Berbir because of the fortress.

Following the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising (1804), in the Sanjak of Smederevo (modern Central Serbia), the Jančić's Revolt broke out in the Gradiška region against the Ottoman government in the Bosnia Eyalet, following the erosion of the economic, national and religious rights of Serbs. Hajduks also arrived from Serbia, and were especially active on the Kozara. Jovan Jančić Sarajlija organized the uprising with help from Metropolitan Benedikt Kraljević. The peasants took up arms on 23 September 1809, in the region of Gradiška, beginning from Mašići. The fighting began on 25 September, and on the same night, the Ottomans captured and executed Jančić. The rebels retreated to their villages, except those in Kozara and Motajica who continued, and offered strong resistance until their defeat in mid-October, after extensive looting and burning of villages by the Ottomans.[4] Another revolt broke out in 1834, in Mašići.[5]

Ottoman rule ended with the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878), following the Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77). Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended in 1918, when the South Slavic Austro-Hungarian territories proclaimed the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which subsequently joined the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

From 1929 to 1941 Gradiška was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During Yugoslavia, the town was known as Bosanska Gradiška. During the Bosnian War, the town was incorporated into Republika Srpska (RS). After the war, the RS National Assembly changed the name, omitting bosanska ("Bosnian"), as was done with many other towns (Kostajnica, Dubica, Novi Grad, Petrovo, Šamac).

Culture[edit]

Serbian Orthodox church in Gradiška.

The town has a Serbian Orthodox cathedral dedicated to the Mother of God.

Demographics[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1971
Population
1991
Population
2013[6]
Serbs 35,038 35,297 41,863
Croats 4,415 1,894 826
Bosniaks/Muslims 12,688 15,310 7,580
Yugoslavs 415 1,811 -
Others 1,025 5,662 4,458
Total 53,581 59,974 51,727

Settlements[edit]

The municipality includes total of 75 settlements:

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ the official web site of the municipality Gradiška/Градишка.
  2. ^ "Systemic census of municipalities and populated places of Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2013. p. 7. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Preliminary results of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). bhas.ba. Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. p. 8. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Стојан Бијелић. Машићка буна. Врбаске новине бр. 107 ст. 5, 1933. (извор)
  5. ^ :: Www.Gradiskasela.Net ::
  6. ^ "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°08′N 17°15′E / 45.133°N 17.250°E / 45.133; 17.250