Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Gradiška

Градишка
Town of Gradiška
Town of Gradiška
Coat of arms of Gradiška
Coat of arms
Gradiška is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gradiška
Gradiška
Location of Gradiška within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 45°08′45″N 17°15′14″E / 45.14583°N 17.25389°E / 45.14583; 17.25389
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • MayorZoran Adžić (SNSD)
 • Municipality761.74 km2 (294.11 sq mi)
Elevation
163 m (535 ft)
Population
(2013 census)
 • Town
16,106
 • Municipality
51,728
 • Municipality density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
78400
Area code(s)+387 51
Websitewww.opstina-gradiska.com

Gradiška (Serbian Cyrillic: Градишка; formerly Bosanska Gradiška / Босанска Градишка)[1][2][3] is a town and municipality located in northwestern Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 51,727 inhabitants.

It is geographically located in eastern Krajina region, and the town is situated on the Lijevče plain, on the right bank of the Sava river across from Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banja Luka.

History[edit]

In the Roman period, the municipium of Serbinum existed on the location of the present-day town. It was of strategic importance; a port of the Roman fleet was situated here. Among notable archaeological findings are a viaduct.

Gradiški Brod is mentioned for the first time as a town in c. 1330. It had a major importance as the location where the Sava river used to be crossed. By 1537, the town and its surroundings came under Ottoman rule.

The Ottoman built a fortress, which served as the Bosnia Eyalet's northern defense line. The town was also called Berbir because of the fortress.

Following the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising (1804), in the Sanjak of Smederevo (modern Central Serbia), the Jančić's Revolt broke out in the Gradiška region against the Ottoman government in the Bosnia Eyalet, following the erosion of the economic, national and religious rights of Serbs. Hajduks also arrived from Serbia, and were especially active on the Kozara. Jovan Jančić Sarajlija organized the uprising with help from Metropolitan Benedikt Kraljević. The peasants took up arms on 23 September 1809, in the region of Gradiška, beginning from Mašići. The fighting began on 25 September, and on the same night, the Ottomans captured and executed Jančić. The rebels retreated to their villages, except those in Kozara and Motajica who continued, and offered strong resistance until their defeat in mid-October, after extensive looting and burning of villages by the Ottomans.[4] Another revolt broke out in 1834, in Mašići.[5]

Ottoman rule ended with the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878), following the Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77). Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended in 1918, when the South Slavic Austro-Hungarian territories proclaimed the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which subsequently joined the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

From 1929 to 1941 Gradiška was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During Yugoslavia, the town was known as Bosanska Gradiška (Босанска Градишка). During the Bosnian War, the town was incorporated into Republika Srpska (RS). After the war, the RS National Assembly changed the name, omitting bosanska ("Bosnian"), as was done with many other towns (Kostajnica, Dubica, Novi Grad, Petrovo, Šamac).

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Gradiška, the municipality includes total of 74 other settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194846,013—    
195348,056+0.87%
196150,134+0.53%
197153,581+0.67%
198158,095+0.81%
199159,974+0.32%
201351,727−0.67%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality has 51,727 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1971
Population
1991
Population
2013[6]
Serbs 35,038 35,297 41,863
Croats 4,415 1,894 826
Bosniaks/Muslims 12,688 15,310 7,580
Yugoslavs 415 1,811 -
Others 1,025 5,662 4,458
Total 53,581 59,974 51,727

Culture[edit]

Serbian Orthodox church in Gradiška.

The town has a Serbian Orthodox cathedral dedicated to the Mother of God.

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[7]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 364
Mining and quarrying 3
Manufacturing 2,543
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 159
Distribution of water and water waste management 224
Construction 246
Wholesale and retail, repair 1,733
Transportation and storage 431
Hotels and restaurants 464
Information and communication 66
Finance and insurance 131
Real estate activities 20
Professional, scientific and technical activities 281
Administrative and support services 82
Public administration and defence 530
Education 831
Healthcare and social work 633
Art, entertainment and recreation 72
Other service activities 215
Total 9,028

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ the official web site of the municipality Gradiška/Градишка.
  2. ^ "Systemic census of municipalities and populated places of Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2013. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Preliminary results of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). bhas.ba. Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. p. 8. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  4. ^ Стојан Бијелић. Машићка буна. Врбаске новине бр. 107 ст. 5, 1933. (извор)
  5. ^ :: Www.Gradiskasela.Net :: Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°08′45″N 17°15′14″E / 45.14583°N 17.25389°E / 45.14583; 17.25389