Grady v. Corbin
|Grady v. Corbin|
|Argued March 21, 1990
Decided May 29, 1990
|Full case name||William V. Grady, District Attorney of Dutchess County v. Thomas J. Corbin|
|Citations||495 U.S. 508 (more)
110 S.Ct. 2084
|Prior history||Certiorari to the Court of Appeals of New York|
|The Double Jeopardy Clause bars a subsequent prosecution if, to establish an essential element of an offense charged in that prosecution, the government will prove conduct that constitutes an offense for which the defendant has already been prosecuted.|
|Majority||Brennan, joined by White, Marshall, Blackmun, Stevens|
|Dissent||Scalia, joined by Rehnquist, Kennedy|
|U.S. Const. amend. V|
|United States v. Dixon, 509 U.S. 688 (1993)|
Grady v. Corbin, 495 U.S. 508 (1990), was a United States Supreme Court decision holding that: "the Double Jeopardy Clause bars a subsequent prosecution if, to establish an essential element of an offense charged in that prosecution, the government will prove conduct that constitutes an offense for which the defendant has already been prosecuted."
In the fall of 1987, Thomas Corbin was driving under the influence as he drove his automobile across the center line of a New York highway and collided with two oncoming vehicles. Brenda Dirago, the driver of the second vehicle, died in this accident while her husband was seriously injured. Later that same day, Corbin was charged with DUI and pleaded guilty.
Opinion of the Court
Grady was only valid law for three years. It was overturned by United States v. Dixon, 509 U.S. 688 (1993), which rejected the same conduct test in favor of the longstanding same element test. The same element test had been the law since Blockburger v. United States, 284 U.S. 299 (1932).
- List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 495
- List of United States Supreme Court cases
- Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume
- List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court
- United States v. Felix (1993)
- Barton, S. (1990). "Grady v. Corbin: An Unsuccessful Effort to Define Same Offense". Georgia Law Review. 25: 143. ISSN 0016-8300.
- Brudzinski, Walter J.; Farashahi, Afshin (1992). "Double Jeopardy in Successive Prosecutions: The Impact of Grady v. Corbin". Thomas Jefferson Law Review. 14: 181. ISSN 1090-5278.
- McGinnis, L. A. (1990). "Grady v. Corbin: Doubling the Scope of the Double Jeopardy Clause". Ohio Northern University Law Review. 17: 873. ISSN 0094-534X.
- Webre, C. J. (1990). "Grady v. Corbin: Successive Prosecutions Must Survive Heightened Double Jeopardy Protection". Loyola Law Review. 36: 1171. ISSN 0192-9720.
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