Graeme Campbell (politician)
|Member of the Australian Parliament
18 October 1980 – 3 October 1998
|Preceded by||Mick Cotter|
|Succeeded by||Barry Haase|
13 August 1939 |
|Political party||Labor (1980–95)
Independent (1995–96, 2004-present)
Australia First (1996–2001)
One Nation (2001-2004)
He was born in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England, came to Australia as a child and was educated at Urrbrae Agricultural High School in South Australia. He worked in a range of occupations before entering federal parliament in October 1980 as a Labor member.
Considered a maverick, he was an ardent supporter of the mining industry, and crossed the floor on gold tax in 1988, and was also a vocal critic of the Mabo decision and sanctions on the apartheid regime in South Africa, and a proponent of uranium mining. In October 1993, and again in May 1995, he delivered a speech at the national seminar of the Australian League of Rights, a far-right group for which he was believed to hold sympathies, and in by-elections in Mackellar and Warringah (safe Liberal seats on the Northern Beaches of Sydney) in 1994, he urged electors to vote for Australians Against Further Immigration (AAFI).
After numerous run-ins with the Labor leadership and considerable media attention to his exploits, he was finally expelled from the party on 30 November 1995 after addressing an AAFI meeting where he criticised Labor's immigration policies. He continued to sit in parliament as an independent, and was reelected as an independent in 1996 election. Although he only tallied 35 percent of the primary vote, he defeated his replacement as Labor candidate, former Deputy Premier of Western Australia Ian Taylor, on Liberal preferences.
In June 1996, Campbell founded the Australia First Party, but was officially reckoned as an independent. He was defeated for reelection in 1998 after being eliminated on the seventh count. Campbell blamed his loss on Australia First being eclipsed by One Nation. In 2009, he claimed that if not for the presence of a One Nation candidate, he'd have picked up an additional 8.5 percent of the vote, which would have been enough to keep him in the race. He remained Australia First's leader until June 2001, when he left the party to stand (unsuccessfully) as a One Nation Senate candidate in Western Australia. In 2004, he attempted unsuccessfully to regain his old federal seat as an independent. In 2007, he stood for the Senate in Western Australia in the federal election but only achieved 0.13% of the vote.
- "Biography for Campbell, Graeme". Parliament of Australia. August 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- Catherine Menagh (2 October 1986). "Dust Makes the Wealth of Kalgoorlie and its Golden Mile". The Age.
- "House of Representatives Official Hansard" (PDF). 9 December 1999. p. 37. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- Eric D. Butler (3 December 1993). "The Graeme Campbell Tragedy". On Target. Australian League of Rights. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- David Thompson (11 August 1995). "The Campbell Affair and the League of Rights". On Target. Australian League of Rights. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- James Jupp (2002). From white Australia to Woomera: the story of Australian immigration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-521-53140-5.
- Scott Bennett (16 February 1999). "The Decline in Support for Australian Major Parties and the Prospect of Minority Government". Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- Antony Green (21 December 2007). "Kalgoorlie". Australia Votes 2007. ABC News. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- "The Eight Core Policies of the Australia First Party". 2005. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- 1998 Western Australia election results
- Destiny Magazine, Issue #6
- ?Antony Green (2007). "Senate Results Western Australia". Federal Election 2007. ABC News. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- Graeme Campbell and Mark Uhlmann. Australia Betrayed: How Australian democracy has been undermined and our naive trust betrayed, Foundation Press, Perth, 1995. ISBN 1-875778-02-0
|Parliament of Australia|
|Member for Kalgoorlie