Graettinger, Iowa

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Graettinger, Iowa
City
Location of Graettinger, Iowa
Location of Graettinger, Iowa
Coordinates: 43°14′17″N 94°45′4″W / 43.23806°N 94.75111°W / 43.23806; -94.75111Coordinates: 43°14′17″N 94°45′4″W / 43.23806°N 94.75111°W / 43.23806; -94.75111
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Palo Alto
Area[1]
 • Total 0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)
 • Land 0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,253 ft (382 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 844
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 806
 • Density 1,096/sq mi (423.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51342
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-31800
GNIS feature ID 0457009

Graettinger is a city in Palo Alto County, Iowa, United States. The population was 844 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Graettinger had its start in the 1880s by the building of the Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railway through that territory.[4] The land was originally owned by Dr. Alois Graettinger who was a German physician who had immigrated to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He gave the land to the railway under the condition that the town were to be named after him. Members of the Graettinger family still live in the town. They are descendants of Dr. Graettinger's brother, Blasius, who was a stone cutter by trade but moved to Iowa to farm.

Graettinger is the location of the oldest Labor Day celebration in the state of Iowa. Each year, the town celebrates with a parade, carnival, street dance, variety show, queen coronation, raffle drawing and various other events.[5]

About Dr. Alois Graettinger

Dr. Alois Graettinger, one of the oldest and well-known German-American physicians, was born in Passau, Bavaria, January 10th, 1834, as the son of a small peasant. He attended the local school and “gymnasium” of his native city, until at the age of 18 years he entered the University of Munich, absolving the “biennium practicum,” after which he was assistant in the obstetrical clinic of the university for one year, before he left for Milwaukee in 1857. In 1865 he took the degree of M.D. at the Chicago Medical College and in 1878 that of the University of Munich. In 1894 he was chosen president of the “Society of German Physicians” in Milwaukee. On account of ill health he left for California in 1898, giving up practice and tilling the soil until his death, due to arterio-sclerosis, Oct. 23, 1907. [6]

Geography[edit]

Graettinger is located at 43°14′17″N 94°45′4″W / 43.23806°N 94.75111°W / 43.23806; -94.75111 (43.238180, -94.751217)[7] near the Des Moines River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.77 square miles (1.99 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 388 —    
1910 556 +43.3%
1920 779 +40.1%
1930 777 −0.3%
1940 928 +19.4%
1950 1,016 +9.5%
1960 879 −13.5%
1970 907 +3.2%
1980 923 +1.8%
1990 813 −11.9%
2000 900 +10.7%
2010 844 −6.2%
2016 806 −4.5%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 844 people, 382 households, and 227 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,096.1 inhabitants per square mile (423.2/km2). There were 440 housing units at an average density of 571.4 per square mile (220.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.5% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 382 households of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.6% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 37 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 900 people, 396 households, and 241 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,174.8 people per square mile (451.3/km²). There were 430 housing units at an average density of 561.3 per square mile (215.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.78% White, 0.11% African American, 0.56% Native American, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 396 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,988, and the median income for a family was $36,591. Males had a median income of $26,726 versus $17,721 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,520. About 3.9% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ McCarty, Dwight Gaylord (1910). History of Palo Alto County, Iowa. Torch Press. p. 150. 
  5. ^ "Iowa's Oldest Continuous Labor Day Celebration Celebrate in Graettinger". Emmetsburg Reporter/Democrat. August 30, 2012. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ The Medical History of Milwaukee: 1834-1914 By Louis Frederick Frank, p. 35
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.