Graffiti Bridge (album)
|Studio album / soundtrack by |
Prince and other artists
|Released||August 21, 1990|
|Recorded||1983–1990 at multiple locations|
|Label||Paisley Park, Warner Bros.|
|Singles from Graffiti Bridge|
Graffiti Bridge is the twelfth studio album by American recording artist Prince and is the soundtrack album to the 1990 film of the same name. It was released on August 21, 1990 by Paisley Park Records and Warner Bros. Records.
The album was much better received in sales than the film. It reached number 6 in the United States and was his third consecutive chart-topper (following Lovesexy and Batman) on the UK Albums Chart. Nearly every song on the record was written by Prince despite the handful of artists performing, including Tevin Campbell, Mavis Staples and The Time. The album produced the hit singles "Thieves in the Temple" and "New Power Generation", an anthem in two parts celebrating Prince's newly created backing band, The New Power Generation. "Can't Stop This Feeling I Got" was released in the Philippines only. The band would get its first official outing on Prince's next album, Diamonds and Pearls.
Evolution of the album
The concept for the album and film began as early as mid-1987, but experienced delays for various reasons. The title track was originally recorded during this period, hence the liner notes listing Sheila E. and Boni Boyer as performers on the track. In fact, nearly the entire album is composed of previously recorded sessions that were updated for this release.
"Tick, Tick, Bang" was originally from 1981 during the sessions for Controversy album. Written by Prince, it was originally a more punk rock song with a bass synthesizer; the update of the song includes an uncredited drum sample from Jimi Hendrix's "Little Miss Lover". "Can't Stop This Feeling I Got" was from 1982, but later updated in mid-1986 during sessions for aborted album Dream Factory, before further updating. "We Can Funk" was first recorded in 1983, originally titled "We Can Fuck", before Prince re-recorded the song in 1986 with The Revolution (under the title "We Can Funk"), before further updating to 1983 version took place. A melody similar to that of "Purple Rain" can be heard during the bridge of "Can't Stop This Feeling I Got". The three tracks were drastically updated in 1989 for release on Graffiti Bridge.
"The Question of U" was recorded in 1985 during sessions for Parade with little updating added to the original version. "Joy in Repetition" was first included on the Crystal Ball unreleased album in late 1986, and the same recording was used for this album (the track was not updated further for release, unlike the other "old" songs). Prince also kept the original segue of party noise at the start of the song (this time segueing from "We Can Funk" on this album instead of "The Ball" when "Joy In Repetition" was placed on Crystal Ball in 1986) which is also heard at the end of "Eye No", leading into "Alphabet St." on Lovesexy. The title track (from 1987) was updated for the album as well as "Elephants & Flowers" (from the 1988 unreleased Rave Unto the Joy Fantastic album) and "The Latest Fashion" (later given to The Time for "Corporate World" album). "Melody Cool" and "Still Would Stand All Time" were intended for Rave Unto the Joy Fantastic album and were later performed in some Lovesexy aftershows. "Still Would Stand All Time" was later considered for Batman, but was replaced by "Scandalous". The four tracks featuring The Time were originally going to be on their unreleased Corporate World album, recorded in 1989, though "The Latest Fashion" reuses music from "My Summertime Thang" from their album Pandemonium.
The only truly "new" compositions recorded for the album were "Round and Round" and "New Power Generation", recorded in late 1989. "Thieves in the Temple" was the final track recorded for the album, recorded in early 1990. The B-side "Get Off" would soon be incorporated into Gett Off the following year.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|Los Angeles Times|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|The Village Voice||B+|
Graffiti Bridge received positive reviews from contemporary critics, who praised Prince's songwriting and the variety of the music while deeming it an improvement over 1988's Lovesexy. Time magazine hailed the record as a "groovable feast", while Q claimed it was "practically impossible to choose anything that doesn't deserve to be there. How long is it since that can honestly be said about a Prince album?" In Entertainment Weekly, Greg Sandow said the album was likely a "masterpiece" that found Prince rediscovering his ability to cover different styles effortlessly. Rolling Stone reviewer Paul Evans credited him for lending a "sharper focus", "harder groove", and emphasis on funk and rock rather than "the feckless genre dabbling" of albums such as Lovesexy and Around the World in a Day (1985). Evans also believed Prince's catchy compositions helped make the "omnivorous mysticism" of his lyrics "newly convincing — convincing, but still startling, sensual and freeing". Greg Kot, the Chicago Tribune's chief music critic, called the album "a sprawling, wildly diffuse statement on love, sin, sex and salvation that ranks with his best work", as well as "perhaps his most complex and, dare we say, mature exploration" of those themes.
In The New York Times, Jon Pareles believed Graffiti Bridge would perhaps give Prince a success on both commercial and artistic terms, although he lamented some of the lyrics: "Verbally, he's no deep thinker; when he's not singing about sex, his messages tend to be benevolent and banal." Robert Christgau was less impressed in his consumer guide for The Village Voice. He applauded the guest artists, particularly The Time, and some of Prince's own half of songs, but said most of them were "overly subtle if not rehashed or just weak: title track, generational anthem, and lead single all reprise familiar themes, and the ballads fall short of the exquisite vocalese that can make his slow ones sing." At the end of 1990, Graffiti Bridge was voted the tenth best album of the year in the Pazz & Jop, a nationwide poll of American critics, published by The Village Voice.
In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine called Graffiti Bridge an "often very good" album whose best songs were those performed by Prince, with the exception of The Time's "Release It" and Tevin Campbell's "Round and Round". Michaelangelo Matos was more critical in The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), finding the record "interesting primarily for its guest stars" and "for the fact that it now sounds as dated as the new jack swing it apes".
|1.||"Can't Stop This Feeling I Got"||Prince||4:24|
|2.||"New Power Generation, Part 1"||Prince and The New Power Generation||3:39|
|3.||"Release It"||The Time||3:54|
|4.||"The Question of U"||Prince||3:59|
|5.||"Elephants & Flowers"||Prince||3:54|
|6.||"Round and Round"||Tevin Campbell||3:55|
|7.||"We Can Funk"||Prince feat. George Clinton||5:28|
|8.||"Joy in Repetition"||Prince||4:53|
|9.||"Love Machine"||The Time feat. Elisa Fiorillo||3:34|
|10.||"Tick, Tick, Bang"||Prince||3:31|
|12.||"Thieves in the Temple"||Prince||3:19|
|13.||"The Latest Fashion"||The Time feat. Prince||4:02|
|14.||"Melody Cool"||Mavis Staples||3:39|
|15.||"Still Would Stand All Time"||Prince||5:23|
|17.||"New Power Generation, Part 2"||Prince and The New Power Generation||2:57|
- Prince – lead vocals and various instruments
- Morris Day – drums (2, 17), lead vocals (3, 11), co-lead vocals (9, 13)
- Joseph "Amp" Fiddler – additional keyboards and backing vocals (7)
- Boni Boyer – organ and background vocals (16)
- Levi Seacer, Jr. – bass and backing vocals (16)
- Sheila E. – drums and background vocals (16)
- Candy Dulfer – saxophone (3, 9, 13)
- Eric Leeds – saxophone (7)
- Atlanta Bliss – trumpet (7)
- Tevin Campbell – lead vocals (6), backing vocals (16, 17)
- George Clinton – co-lead vocals (7)
- Elisa Fiorillo – co-lead vocals (9) (credited as Elisa)
- Mavis Staples – lead vocals (14), backing vocals (16, 17)
- Rosie Gaines – backing vocals (2)
- Michael "Clip" Payne – additional drumming and backing vocals (7)
- T.C. Ellis – rap (17)
- Paul Hill - backing vocals
- Steven Parke – album artwork design
- Harmonica on 12 played by Lester Chambers, sampled from "I Can't Stand It" (1967) by the Chambers Brothers.
- Drums on 3 played by David Garibaldi, sampled from "Squib Cakes" (1974) by Tower of Power.
Singles and Hot 100 chart placings
- "Thieves in the Temple" maxi-single (#6 US, #1 US R&B, #7 UK)
- "Thieves in the Temple" (extended)
- "Thieves in the House"
- "Temple House dub"
- "New Power Generation" maxi-single (#64 US, #27 US R&B, #26 UK)
- "New Power Generation" (funky weapon remix)
- "T.C.'s Rap"
- "Brother with a Purpose"
- "Get Off"
- "The Lubricated Lady"
- "Round and Round" maxi-single (#12 US, #3 US R&B)
- "Round and Round" (Solu Mix Edit)
- "Round and Round" (The House Mix)
- "Goodbye" (Tevin's Dub – Part 1 & 2)
- "Goodbye" (Soiddub & Listen)
- "Melody Cool" maxi-single (#36 US R&B)
- "Melody Cool" (Extended LP Mix)
- "Melody Cool" (Extended Remix)
- "Melody Cool" (Deep House Vocal)
- "Melody Cool" (Mellow Dub Mix)
- "Time Waits for No-one" (Edit)
- "Shake!" maxi-single
- "Shake!" (Extended Mix) – 5:03
- "Shake!" (Battle Mix) – 4:06
- "Shake!" (Funky House Mix) – 8:20
- "The Latest Fashion" (Remix) – 6:20
- "Shake!" (Boom Mix) – 5:01
- "Shake!" – 4:00
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||50,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||25,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- *Roberts, David (editor). The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums, p444. Guinness Publishing Ltd. 7th edition (1996). ISBN 0-85112-619-7
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Prince: Graffiti Bridge > Review" at AllMusic. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- Kot, Greg (August 23, 1990). "'Graffiti Bridge'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). "Prince". Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 10 (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 653. ISBN 0195313739.
- Sandow, Greg (August 31, 1990). "Graffiti Bridge: Prince". Entertainment Weekly. No. #29. Time. ISSN 1049-0434. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Willman, Chris (August 12, 1990). "Prince's 'Graffiti Bridge' to the Past : *** 1/2 PRINCE "Graffiti Bridge" Paisley Park/Warner Bros". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds.) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide (2nd ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 897. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Graffiti Bridge Soundtrack CD Album". CDUniverse.com. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Evans, Paul (August 23, 1990). "Prince: Graffiti Bridge (Sdtrk)". Rolling Stone. No. RS 585. Wenner Media. ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- Matos, Michaelangelo (November 2, 2004). "Prince". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 655–6. ISBN 0743201698. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Christgau, Robert (October 23, 1990). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Draper, Jason (2016). Prince: Life and Times. Book Sales. p. 98. ISBN 0760353638.
- Pareles, Jon (August 19, 1990). "RECORDINGS; Sonic and Sexual Updates From Prince". The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Anon. (March 5, 1991). "The 1990 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on July 31, 2016.
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". Austrian Album Charts (in German). Hung Medien. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "RPM Top Albums/CDs – Volume 52, No. 24, October 27 1990". Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". dutchcharts.nl. Hung Medien. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". charts.nz. Hung Medien.
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Prince – Graffiti Bridge". hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Graffiti Bridge". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Graffiti Bridge > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums" at AllMusic. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Canadian album certifications – Prince – Graffiti Bridge". Music Canada.
- "Sólo Éxitos 1959–2002 Año A Año: Certificados 1979–1990" (in Spanish). Iberautor Promociones Culturales. ISBN 8480486392.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Prince; 'Graffiti Bridge')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- "British album certifications – Prince – Graffiti Bridge". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Graffiti Bridge in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Prince – Graffiti Bridge". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.