Grafton, Illinois: Difference between revisions

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Founded in 1832 by James Mason, Grafton is the oldest city in [[Jersey County]]. Described as having "a post office, one store, one tavern, and a number of families" in 1834, the area was being settled as early as 1812 when a [[blockhouse]] was built at the confluence for protection.
 
Founded in 1832 by James Mason, Grafton is the oldest city in [[Jersey County]]. Described as having "a post office, one store, one tavern, and a number of families" in 1834, the area was being settled as early as 1812 when a [[blockhouse]] was built at the confluence for protection.
   
Grafton’s population reached its peak at approximately 10,000 in the 1850s with employment opportunities coming from the local stone quarries, boat building and commercial fishing. The local limestone was used to build the [[Eads Bridge]] in [[St. Louis, Missouri|St. Louis]], a railroad bridge in [[Hannibal, Missouri]], and a bridge in [[Quincy, Illinois]]. The Shafer’s Wharf Historic District was one of the largest commercial fishing centers along the [[Mississippi River]] in the late 1800s. The Old Boatworks, located south of Main Street, once housed a paint house and a machine shop where paddle wheelers and later [[PT boat]]s were built. Today, the Old Boatworks building hosts many antique and craft stalls and is open on the fourth weekend of each month from May through October <ref name="GFNAug07>[http://www.greatriverroad.com/Cities/Grafton/graftonCover.htm Grafton description & history], retrieved August 24, 2007</ref>.
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Grafton’s population reached its peak at approximately 1,100 in the early 20th century (Grafton's population was NEVER approximately 10,000 and whoever typed that as part of the town's information is an IDIOT - On the right hand side of this listing Wikipedia gives all of the official census' - JTWII) with employment opportunities coming from the local stone quarries, boat building and commercial fishing. The local limestone was used to build the [[Eads Bridge]] in [[St. Louis, Missouri|St. Louis]], a railroad bridge in [[Hannibal, Missouri]], and a bridge in [[Quincy, Illinois]]. The Shafer’s Wharf Historic District was one of the largest commercial fishing centers along the [[Mississippi River]] in the late 1800s. The Old Boatworks, located south of Main Street, once housed a paint house and a machine shop where paddle wheelers and later [[PT boat]]s were built. Today, the Old Boatworks building hosts many antique and craft stalls and is open on the fourth weekend of each month from May through October <ref name="GFNAug07>[http://www.greatriverroad.com/Cities/Grafton/graftonCover.htm Grafton description & history], retrieved August 24, 2007</ref>.
   
 
The [[Great Flood of 1993]] caused significant damage to many of Grafton's structures, as well as causing a third of the city's residents to move out of the city. The effects of the flood are still present, as the city has not yet reached the population it had before the flood.
 
The [[Great Flood of 1993]] caused significant damage to many of Grafton's structures, as well as causing a third of the city's residents to move out of the city. The effects of the flood are still present, as the city has not yet reached the population it had before the flood.

Revision as of 20:56, 5 August 2008

Template:Geobox City

Grafton is the oldest city in Jersey County, Illinois, United States. It is located near the confluence of the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. The population was 609 at the 2000 census, and the population was 711 in the 2006 unofficial US Census estimate. Prior to the Great Flood of 1993, Grafton had enjoyed a stable population of nearly 1,000 residents. The city's current mayor is Richard Mosby.

Grafton is a part of the Metro-East region and the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Grafton is located at 38°58′16″N 90°26′13″W / 38.97111°N 90.43694°W / 38.97111; -90.43694Invalid arguments have been passed to the {{#coordinates:}} function (38.971115, -90.436818).Template:GR

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.5 km²). None of it is covered by water.

History

Founded in 1832 by James Mason, Grafton is the oldest city in Jersey County. Described as having "a post office, one store, one tavern, and a number of families" in 1834, the area was being settled as early as 1812 when a blockhouse was built at the confluence for protection.

Grafton’s population reached its peak at approximately 1,100 in the early 20th century (Grafton's population was NEVER approximately 10,000 and whoever typed that as part of the town's information is an IDIOT - On the right hand side of this listing Wikipedia gives all of the official census' - JTWII) with employment opportunities coming from the local stone quarries, boat building and commercial fishing. The local limestone was used to build the Eads Bridge in St. Louis, a railroad bridge in Hannibal, Missouri, and a bridge in Quincy, Illinois. The Shafer’s Wharf Historic District was one of the largest commercial fishing centers along the Mississippi River in the late 1800s. The Old Boatworks, located south of Main Street, once housed a paint house and a machine shop where paddle wheelers and later PT boats were built. Today, the Old Boatworks building hosts many antique and craft stalls and is open on the fourth weekend of each month from May through October [1].

The Great Flood of 1993 caused significant damage to many of Grafton's structures, as well as causing a third of the city's residents to move out of the city. The effects of the flood are still present, as the city has not yet reached the population it had before the flood.

Grafton’s main industry today is tourism. The city is at the center of the region’s Bald Eagle watching area and proudly calls itself "The Winter Home of The Bald Eagle." Main Street is lined with restaurants, some antique, craft, and wine shops, and various other attractions, which makes Grafton a popular stopping place for bicyclists on the Sam Vadalabene Bike Trail or for visitors in search of fall foliage color and Bald Eagles. During the warmer months, visitors can take advantage of the two rivers with boating, canoeing and parasailing activities. There are two river ferries in the Grafton area that provide transportation to St. Charles County, Missouri and Calhoun County. Five miles west of Grafton is Pere Marquette State Park, which is Illinois' largest and most popular state park.

Grafton has experienced some economic growth within the past decade, including some new housing and restaurants, the new Grafton Elementary School, the Grafton Harbor marina, and a recently completed lighthouse located along the Mississippi River.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 807
1890 927 14.9%
1900 988 6.6%
1910 1,116 13.0%
1920 949 −15.0%
1930 1,026 8.1%
1940 1,110 8.2%
1950 1,117 0.6%
1960 1,084 −3.0%
1970 1,018 −6.1%
1980 1,024 0.6%
1990 918 −10.4%
2000 609 −33.7%
Est. 2006 711
Decennial US Census

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 609 people, 265 households, and 174 families residing in the city. The population density was 150.2 people per square mile (57.9/km²). There were 293 housing units at an average density of 72.2/sq mi (27.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.01% White, 0.16% African American, 0.16% Native American, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

There were 265 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,706, and the median income for a family was $44,250. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $22,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,989. About 9.4% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Community

Education

Grafton is served by the public K-12 Jersey Community Unit School District 100. District schools in Grafton include Grafton Elementary School.

Nearby colleges and universities include Principia College, in Elsah, and Lewis and Clark Community College, in Godfrey.

Utilities

Utility companies serving Grafton are AmerenCIPS (natural gas and electricity), Grafton Telephone (landline telephone service and internet), and PC One Cable (cable television). Water services are provided and maintained by the city.

Notable Residents

Interesting Notes

The Meeting of the Great Rivers Scenic Byway passes through Grafton.

Grafton also has seven places that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Grafton Historic District, Grafton Bank, the John and Amelia McClintock House, Ruebel Hotel, the Slaten-LaMarsh House, and the Paris Mason Building were all added in 1994. The Charles Brainerd House was added to the Register in 1998.

References

  1. ^ Grafton description & history, retrieved August 24, 2007

External links