From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Graha)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Navagraha, a Raja Ravi Varma painting (sun at the center)

Navagraha are nine heavenly bodies (as well as deities) that influence human life on Earth in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] The term is derived from nava (Sanskrit: नव "nine") and graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding").[2]

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes[edit]

The Navagraha are:[1]

  1. Surya: the Sun
  2. Chandra: the Moon
  3. Mangala: Mars
  4. Budha: Mercury
  5. Bṛhaspati: Jupiter
  6. Shukra: Venus
  7. Shani: Saturn
  8. Rahu: Shadow body associated with the ascending (or north) lunar node
  9. Ketu: Shadow body associated with the descending (or south) lunar node

Carnatic Music[edit]

Muthuswami Dikshitar, a Carnatic music composer from southern India composed the Navagraha Kritis in praise of the nine planets.[3] Each song is a prayer to one of the nine planets. The sahitya (lyrics) of the songs reflect a profound knowledge of the mantra and jyotisha sastras.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899
  3. ^ "Dikshitar: Navagraha". Retrieved 2020-06-12.