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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

Navagraha means "nine celestial bodies" in Sanskrit and are nine astronomical bodies as well as deities in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] These are the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes[edit]

The term is derived from nava (Sanskrit: नव "nine") and graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding").[2]

The Navagraha are:[1]

  1. Surya (Ravi), the Sun
  2. Chandra (Soma), the Moon
  3. Mangala (Mangal), Mars
  4. Budha (Budh), Mercury
  5. Dev Guru (Brihaspati), Jupiter
  6. Shukra, Venus
  7. Shani, Saturn
  8. Rahu, Solar Eclipse
  9. Ketu, Lunar Eclipse

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899