The Graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह, "seizing, laying hold of, holding", ) or Navagraha (Sanskrit: नवग्रह, "nine houses") are deities Who are the personified forms of major celestial bodies in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.
Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes
The Navagraha are:
- Surya (a.k.a. Ravi, Bhaanu, Aadit, Aaditya, Arka, Savitr, Suraj, Hiranyagarbha, Maricha, etc.), The Sun
- Chandra (a.k.a. Soma, Chandran, Chandrama, Indu, Induma, Shashi, Mayank, etc.), The Moon
- Mangala, (a.k.a. Bhauma, Bhumisuta, Bhuminandan, Lohit, Lohitanga, Kuja, Angaaraka, Raktavarna, etc.), Mars
- Budha, (a.k.a. Saumya, Rauhineya, Tunga, etc.), Mercury
- Guru (a.k.a. Brhaspati, Suraguru, Devaguru, etc.), Jupiter, the Guru (Master/Teacher) of the Suras/Devas (Gods)
- Shukra, (a.k.a. Bhrugu, Bhrigusuta, Bhrigunandan, etc.), Venus, the Guru of the Asura (Hinduism)
- Shani, (a.k.a. Sthira, Shanaischar, etc.), Saturn
- Raahu, (a.k.a. Bhayanaka, Svarbhaanu-Sirsa, Svarbhaanu-Mastak, etc.), North Node/Ascending Node
- Ketu, (a.k.a. Svarbhaanu-Puccha, etc.), South Node/Descending Node
Raahu and ketu are not really planets or grahas but are considered shadow planets.
Also the days of the week are based on these planets except for Raahu and Ketu...The days are Sunday or Ravivaar on the Sun (Surya/Ravi), Monday or Somvaar on the Moon (Som/Chandra), Tuesday or Mangalvaar on Mars (Mangal), Wednesday or Budhvaar on Mercury (Buddh), Thursday or Bhruhaspativaar/ Guruvaar on the planet Jupiter (Brhaspati/Guru), Friday or Shukravaar based on the planet Venus (Shukra), and Saturday or Shanivaar based on the planet Saturn (Shani).
- Surya Navagrahastalam -- Suryanar Kovil
- Chandra Navagrahastalam -- Kailasanthar Temple,Thingalur
- Angaarakan Navagrahastalam -- Vaitheeswaran Koil
- Budha Navagrahastalam -- Swetharanyeswarar Temple
- Guru Navagrahastalam -- Apatsahayesvarar Temple, Alangudi
- Sukra Navagrahastalam -- Agniswarar Temple, Kanjanur
- Shani Navagrahastalam -- Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple
- Raahu Navagrahastalam -- Rahu Stalam
- Ketu Navagrahastalam -- Nagannathaswamy Temple, Keezhaperumpallam