Graham Bell Island
|Native name: |
Location of Graham Bell Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago
|Location||Kara Sea/Barents Sea, Arctic Ocean|
|Archipelago||Franz Josef Land|
|Area||1,557 km2 (601 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||509 m (1,670 ft)|
|Highest point||Kupol Vetrenyy|
Graham Bell Island is one of the largest islands of the group. It lies east of Wilczek Land, separated from it by a narrow sound known as Morgan Sound (Пролив Моргана; Proliv Morgana). It is also the easternmost island of Franz Josef Land. Cape Kohlsaat, the easternmost point of the archipelago at 81°14′N, 65°10′E, lies on Graham Bell Island's eastern shore. Cape Kohlsaat marks the northwestern-most corner of the Kara Sea and is a significant geographical landmark. and it is partly glacierized.
This island was named after inventor Alexander Graham Bell. Graham Bell Island should not be confused with the smaller Bell Island which is also part of the Franz Josef Archipelago and which named after the shape, not the person.
Graham Bell Island is home to a Cold War outpost and to the airfield Greem Bell ( ) on the Northeastern end of the island. It is the largest airfield in the archipelago. It has a runway 2,100 m (7,000 ft) long. Russian cargo and fighter aircraft have regularly landed here since the 1950s. The runway was usable only in the 8 months with sufficiently frozen ground. Before it was shut down it was also used for tourist helicopter trips around the Russian arctic as a stopover and refueling base. The base was shut down completely in 1994. It began falling into ruins and was subsequently closed to normal visitors. In 2012, the Russian Air Force decided to reopen Graham Bell Airfield as part of a series of reopenings of air bases in the Arctic.
- Graham Bell Island's northern shore is fringed by clusters of very small islets.
- Ostrov Trëkhluchevoy – lies off its western shore at and is only 2 km in length.
- Ostrov Udachnyy – is part of a cluster of islets located along the NW shores
- All locations: 
- Island Directory. Unep.org.
- Graham-Bell Island (Russian).
- Graham-Bell airfield (Russian).
- "Kupol Vetrenny". Mapcarta. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- Graham Bell (Greem Bell) Island, Severnaja - Franz-Josef-Land. Franz-josef-land.info.
- "Russia to build more Arctic airfields". IHS Janes. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Media related to Graham Bell Island at Wikimedia Commons