Graham E. Fuller
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|Graham E. Fuller|
|Born||November 28, 1937|
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
|Occupation||political analyst, author|
Graham E. Fuller (born November 28, 1937) is an American author and political analyst, specializing in Islamic extremism. Formerly vice-chair of the National Intelligence Council, he also served as Station Chief in Kabul for the CIA. A "think piece" that Fuller wrote for the CIA was identified as instrumental in leading to the Iran–Contra affair.
After a career in the United States State Department and CIA lasting 27 years, he joined Rand Corporation as senior political scientist specializing in the Middle East. As of 2006, he was affiliated with the Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, BC, as an adjunct professor of history. He is the author of a number of books, including The Future of Political Islam.
He served 20 years as an operations officer in the CIA. Assignments include postings in: Germany, Turkey, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, North Yemen, Afghanistan, and Hong Kong. Fuller was Kabul CIA Station Chief until 1978,[better source needed] when he was brought to CIA headquarters in Washington, where he was appointed National Intelligence Officer for Near East and South Asia in 1982. In 1986, the CIA appointed him vice-chairman of the National Intelligence Council.
In 1987, Fuller was identified as the author of a 1985 study that according to the New York Times was "instrumental" in the decision of the Reagan Administration to secretly contact leaders in Iran and "eventually led to the covert sale of United States weapons to Tehran in what became the Iran–Contra affair." The document suggested that the Soviet Union was in position to influence Iran and that the United States might gain influence by selling arms to the country. According to Fuller, he had revised his opinion as the situation developed, but though he had told Government officials, a written report on the change was not circulated. Fuller denied that the original "think piece" he had prepared with Howard Teicher was "tailored ... to support Administration policy."
Fuller left the CIA in 1988 for the RAND Corporation, remaining as a senior political scientist until 2000. At the RAND Corporation he wrote, among many publications, on political Islam in various countries, and on the geopolitics of the Muslim world.
After the Boston Marathon bombing, it was revealed that Fuller's daughter Samantha Ankara Fuller (married name Tsarnaev) was married in the 1990s to Ruslan Tsarni (born Tsarnaev), the uncle of the perpetrators Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev. They divorced on 26 April 1999, in Orange County, North Carolina. Ruslan Tsarni worked for companies connected to Halliburton. He was also a consultant for a company contracted by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in the former Soviet Republic of Kyrgyzstan.
On December 1, 2017, the Istanbul chief public prosecutor’s office issued an arrest warrant for Fuller based on his alleged involvement in the planning of the failed 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt and a wealthy Turkish national offered a reward of 3-million Turkish lira (almost $800,000) for help in delivering Rubin to Turkey to answer the Turkish allegations. The Turkish arrest warrant alleges Fuller met with other individuals-of-interest-to-prosecutors on the island of Büyükada, near Istanbul, on the night of July 15, 2016, simultaneous to the attempted coup.
Fuller responded December 2017: "On the night of the coup attempt in Turkey last year I happened to have been addressing a group of 100 people or so right here in the town in western Canada where I have been living for the past 15 years." "I have not set foot in Turkey in the last five years." An unnamed U.S. official who was cited in a news report responded, "The notion that current or former employees of the United States Government were involved in the failed coup is absurd."
A 2014 interview with Fuller quotes him as follows: "I think the United States is one of the key creators of [ISIS]. The United States did not plan the formation of ISIS, but its destructive interventions in the Middle East and the war in Iraq were the basic causes of the birth of ISIS.
- The Center of the Universe: The Geopolitics of Iran. Westview Press. 1991. ISBN 0-8133-1158-6.
- The Democracy Trap: The Perils of the Post-Cold War World. E. P. Dutton. 1991. ISBN 0-525-93371-9.
- How to Learn a Foreign Language. Storm King. 1993. ISBN 0-935166-02-5.
- The Future of Political Islam (revised ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. 2003. ISBN 1-4039-6136-0.
- The New Turkish Republic: Turkey as a Pivotal State in the Muslim world. US Institute of Peace Press. 2008. ISBN 1-60127-019-4.
- A World Without Islam. Little, Brown & Company. 2010. ISBN 0-316-07288-5.
- Three Truths and a Lie. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. 2012. ISBN 1479274313. ISBN 978-1479274314.
- Breaking Faith (novel). Bozorg Press. 2015. ISBN 9780993751417.
- Barkey, Henri J.; Graham E. Fuller (1998). Turkey's Kurdish Question. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-8476-8553-5.
- Francke, Rend Rahim; Graham E. Fuller (2001). The Arab Shi'a: The Forgotten Muslims. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23956-4.
- Fuller, Graham E.; Ian O. Lesser (1995). A Sense of Siege: The Geopolitics of Islam and the West. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2149-2.
- Fuller, Graham E.; Ian O. Lesser; Paul B. Henze; James F. Brown (1993). Turkey's New Geopolitics: From the Balkans to Western China. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-8660-8.
- Ronfeldt, David F.; John Arquilla, Arroyo Center, Graham E. Fuller, Melissa Fuller (1998). The Zapatista "Social Netwar" in Mexico. Rand Corporation. ISBN 0-8330-2656-9.
- Borger, Julian (5 January 2000). "Two more arrests as FBI investigates 'bomb plot'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Betts, Richard K. (2009). Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge and Power in American National Security. Columbia University Press. p. 90. ISBN 0-231-13889-X.
- "Washington Talk: Briefing; C.I.A. Secrets". New York Times. February 15, 1988. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Bar-Joseph, Uri (1995). Intelligence intervention in the politics of democratic states the United States, Israel and Britain. Penn State Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-271-02575-1.
- "The Kurdish Question (transcript)". NewsHour With Jim Lehrer. PBS. February 17, 1999. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Broder, Jonathan (1988-02-15). "Into the Kurdish Quagmire". Salon.com. Retrieved 2009-05-20.[permanent dead link]
- Goodman, Melvin Allan (2008). Failure of intelligence: the decline and fall of the CIA. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 91. ISBN 0-7425-5110-5.
- "Speaker Bio: Graham E. Fuller". Boston University. 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Perry, Mitch E. (August 15, 2006). "Former CIA analyst on Sunni-Shia schism". WMNF 88.5 FM. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- "Bio". GrahamEFuller.com.
- Cannon, Lou (2000). revised, ed. President Reagan: The Role of a Lifetime. PublicAffairs. p. 532. ISBN 1-891620-91-6.
- Cordovez, Diego; Harrison, Selig S. (1995). Out of Afghanistan: the inside story of the Soviet withdrawal. Oxford University Press US. p. 103. ISBN 0-19-506294-9.
- Gardels, Nathan; Medavoy, Mike (2009). American Idol After Iraq: Competing for Hearts and Minds in the Global Media Age. John Wiley and Sons. p. 131. ISBN 1-4051-8741-7.
- Gordon, Michael R. (March 20, 1987). "White House knew of a shift on Iran, C.I.A. official say". New York Times.
- Laura Rosen, "Former CIA officer: ‘Absurd’ to link uncle of Boston suspects, Agency", , Al-Monitor 4-27-2013
- North Carolina Vital Records, North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics, Divorce Index 1958-2004, Raleigh, NC, USA
- Talev, Margaret (April 24, 2013). "Bomb Suspects' Uncle Gets 'Love Mail' for Speaking Out". Bloomberg.
- "Bozorg Press". Graham E. Fuller. April 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
- "Turkey seeks arrest of ex-CIA officer Fuller over coup plot". BBC. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Turkey issues arrest warrant for former CIA official Graham Fuller over coup attempt". Hurriyet. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Graham E. Fuller. "Why did Turkey Issue an Arrest Warrant Against Me?". Graham E. Fuller. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
- Adam Kredo. "Turkey Places Bounty on Two Former U.S. Government Officials". Freebeacon.com. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
- Basaran, Ergi; Fuller, Graham (2014-09-02), "Former CIA officer says US policies helped create IS", Al-Monitor: The pulse of the Middle East, retrieved 2017-12-05