Graham Land

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 66°00′S 63°30′W / 66.000°S 63.500°W / -66.000; -63.500

A 1944 stamp of the Falkland Islands overprinted for use in Graham Land.

Graham Land is the portion of the Antarctic Peninsula that lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. This description of Graham Land is consistent with the 1964 agreement between the British Antarctic Place-names Committee and the US Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names, in which the name "Antarctic Peninsula" was approved for the major peninsula of Antarctica, and the names Graham Land and Palmer Land for the northern and southern portions, respectively.

Graham Land is named after Sir James R. G. Graham, First Lord of the Admiralty at the time of John Biscoe's exploration of the west side of Graham Land in 1832. It is claimed by Britain (as part of the British Antarctic Territory), Argentina (as part of Argentine Antarctica), and Chile (as part of the Chilean Antarctic Territory).

Graham Land is the closest part of Antarctica to South America.[1] Until the discoveries of the British Graham Land Expedition of 1934–1937, it was generally supposed to be an archipelago rather than a peninsula.[2]

Other names[edit]

Argentina calls the area Tierra de San Martín (Land of Saint Martin)[3] and also calls the northern peninsula (Trinity Peninsula) Península Trinidad or Tierra de la Trinidad. Similarly, Chile calls the entire Antarctic Peninsula Tierra de O'Higgins (Land of O'Higgins).[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ESA Science & Technology: Graham Land
  2. ^ McGonigal, David (2009). Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern Continent. London: Frances Lincoln Ltd. ISBN 0-7112-2980-5. 
  3. ^ a b Антарктический полуостров, an article from Great Soviet Encyclopedia.

External links[edit]